Yolmo (ह्योल्मो)

Yolmo is a Tibeto-Burman language spoken in the eastern and northern Himalayan regions of Nepal, particularly in the Helambu and Melamchi valleys in the north of Nuwakot District and in the northwest of Sindhupalchowk District. It is also spoken in the districts of Lamjung, Ilam and Ramecchap. In 2011 there were about 10,680 speakers.

Yolmo is also known as Helambu Sherpa, Hyolmo, Hyolmo Tam, Yholmo, Yohlmo or Yolmo. The people who speak call themselves Yolmopa. The name Hyolmo comes from hyol (surrounded by mountains) and mo (goddess).

Yolmo shares a lot of vocabulary with Sherpa and Tibetan, particularly Kyirong Tibetan, although the languages are not mutually intelligible. In the Ramecchap District a dialect of Yolmo, or a closely related language, is known as Syuba (स्युबा) or Kagate.

Yolmo is rarely written, however there are ways to write it with the Devanagari and Latin alphabets. Dictionaries have been published in both scripts. It is also sometimes written with the Tibetan alphabet.

Yolmo alphabet and pronunciation

Yolmo alphabet and pronunciation

Download an alphabet chart for Yolmo (Excel)

Sample text (Romans 16:3-5)

IPA Translation

  1. ŋʌːh ɲʌːmbu jeɕu kʰriːɕʈkoː leːhʌlʌː ɕʌːhʌpt̪o ɕuh-roːh pehcoɡiː priskʌː d̪ʌːŋʌ ʌkilʌːsʌ dzʌːbrʌːŋʌ ɲiːlʌː ŋʌːhʌɡiː ʈiː̤u d̪u meːd̪iː suŋ nʌːŋʌd̪oŋʌ
  2. ŋʌːhʌlʌː t̪ʰʌːrʌtɕudʑelʌː kʰuŋʌ ɲiː ɕi ko̤-nʌːŋʌ ɕidʑe ʈʰʌːbe kʌːhʌld̪iː jehʌkẽ. ohʌle ŋʌː̤ tɕiːɡiːrʌːŋʌ mihʌmbʌː, lehʌmenʌ cihʌpʌːɡiː tsʰoːbʌːjaːɡiː-ʌŋʌ kʰuŋʌ ɲiːlʌː ɡinʌ ʑaːd̪iː jehʌbaː
  3. ohʌle kʰuŋʌ ɲiːɡiː kʰʌːɲʌbʌːlʌː dzomɡenɡiː tsʰoːbʌːjaːlʌː-lʌːŋʌ ʈiː̤u d̪u meːd̪iː suŋʌ nʌːŋʌd̪oŋʌ

Translation

  1. Greet Priscilla and Aquila my helpers in Christ Jesus:
  2. Who have for my life laid down their own necks: unto whom not only I give thanks, but also all the churches of the Gentiles.
  3. Likewise greet the church that is in their house. Salute my well- beloved Epænetus, who is the first-fruits of Achaia unto Christ.

Source: https://www.kingjamesbibleonline.org/Romans-Chapter-16/#3

Details provided by Biswajit Mandal (biswajtmandal[dot]bm90[at]gmail[dot]com)

Sample videos in Yolmo

Links

Information about Yolmo
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yolmo_language
https://www.ethnologue.com/language/scp
https://openresearch-repository.anu.edu.au/bitstream/1885/110258/3/Gawne2016-YolmoGrammar.pdf
https://www.indigenousvoice.com/indigenous-peoples/5/hyolmo.html

Lamjung Yolmo - Nepali - English dictionary
https://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/240606

Tibeto-Burman languages

Achang, Arakanese, Balti, Bisu, Drung, Garo, Hajong, Hani, Hmar, Jingpho, Lahu, Lepcha, Lhomi, Lipo, Lisu, Magar, Manipuri, Marma, Mro, Naxi, Newar, Tangkhul Naga, Tujia, Yi, Yolmo

Languages written with the Devanāgarī alphabet

Aka-Jeru, Awadhi, Bantawa, Bodo, Bhojpuri, Car, Chhattisgarhi, Dhimal, Dhundari, Dogri, Garhwali, Gondi, Gurung, Hindi, Ho, Jarawa, Kham, Kangri, Kashmiri, Khaling, Konkani, Kurukh, Limbu, Lhomi, Magahi, Magar, Maithili, Marathi, Marwari, Mundari, Newar, Nepali, Onge, Pali, Rajasthani, Sanskrit, Santali, Saraiki, Sherpa, Shina, Sindhi, Sunwar, Sylheti, Tamang, Yakkha, Yolmo


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