Saraiki is a member of the Western Punjabi or Lahnda branch of Indo-Aryan language family. It is spoken mainly in Pakistan, particlarly in the provinces of Balochistan, Khyber Pakhtunkwa, Punjab and Sindh. In 2017 there were about 25.9 million speakers of Saraiki in Pakistan, and there were 109,000 speakers of Saraiki in the states of Haryana, Punjab and Rajasthan in northern India in 2011.
Saraiki is also known as Belochki, Seraiki or Siraiki. Dialects include Sindhi Saraiki, Central Saraiki, Eastern Saraiki, Northern Saraiki and Southern Saraiki. It is closely related to Punjabi, Sindhi, Dogri and Dhatki.
In Pakistan Saraiki is written with a version of Perso-Arabic alphabet, while in India the Gurmukhi and Devanagari alphabets are used. It was written with the Multani script in Punjab until the early 20th century.
Download alphabet charts for Saraiki (Excel)
Details provided by Wolfram Siegel, and Biswajit Mandal (biswajitmandal[dot]bm90[at]gmail[dot]com)
Information about the Saraiki language and culture
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