Chakma (𑄌𑄋𑄴𑄟𑄳𑄦 𑄞𑄌𑄴 / চাাংমা ভাচ)

The Chakma language is an Eastern Indo-Aryan language closely related to Bengali and spoken by about 600,000 people in parts of Bangladesh and India. About half the Chakma speakers live near Chittagong in southeast Bangladesh, while the rest can be found in the states of Mizoram, Assam, and Tripura in northeast India.

Chakma is written with an alphabet known as Chakma, Ajhā pāṭh (𑄃𑄧𑄏𑄛𑄖𑄴), Ojhapath, Ojhopath or Aaojhapath. It developed from the Burmese alphabet. It can also be written with the Bengali and Latin alphabets.

Notable features

Chakma alphabet (𑄌𑄋𑄴𑄟𑄳𑄦 𑄃𑄧𑄏𑄛𑄖𑄴) for Chakma

Chakma alphabet for Chakma

Bengali alphabet for Chakma

Bengali alphabet for Chakma

Latin alphabet for Chakma

Latin alphabet for Chakma

Download alphabet charts for Chakma (Excel)

Details of the Chakma alphabet provided by Wolfram Siegel (PDF, in German)

Hear how to pronounce Chakma:

Sample texts in Chakma

Sample text in Chakma

Transliteration (Bengali alphabet)

ইউন আম্হা র
আমা আঃত, আঃত্যের আ বিজক দিনে বানাইয়ে
যুনি ইউন আঃরাই ফেলাই,
সালেন আমি আমারে আঃরাই ফেলেবং

Transliteration (Latin alphabet)

Iun amha ro
amha aht, ahtyer, a bijok dine banaeye
zuni iun ahrae phelae,
salen ami amare ahrae phelebhaṁ

Translation

These are our words, shaped
By our hands, our tools,
Our history. Lose them,
And we lose ourselves.

Article 1 of UDHR in the Chakma alphabet

𑄝𑄬𑄉𑄴 𑄟𑄚𑄪𑄥𑄴𑄥𑄪𑄚𑄴 𑄥𑄴𑄤𑄙𑄩𑄚𑄴 𑄉𑄧𑄢𑄨 𑄃𑄬𑄇𑄴𑄇𑄧𑄃𑄨 𑄟𑄧𑄢𑄴𑄡𑄘 𑄃𑄢𑄴 𑄃𑄧𑄙𑄨𑄇𑄢𑄴 𑄣𑄧𑄚𑄬 𑄣𑄰 𑄎𑄧𑄚𑄴𑄟𑄧 𑄃𑄧𑄚𑄴𑅁 𑄖𑄢𑄢𑄴 𑄝𑄨𑄝𑄬𑄇𑄴 𑄝𑄪𑄘𑄴𑄙𑄨 𑄝𑄬𑄇𑄴𑄇𑄚𑄨 𑄃𑄉𑄬, 𑄥𑄬𑄚𑄧𑄖𑄴𑄖𑄬 𑄃𑄟𑄢𑄴 𑄝𑄬𑄇𑄴𑄇𑄪𑄚𑄬𑄣𑄴𑄣𑄬𑄃𑄨 𑄘𑄮𑄣𑄴 𑄌𑄨𑄖𑄴𑄖𑄧𑄣𑄰 𑄥𑄧𑄁𑄛𑄧𑄢𑄕 𑄃𑄪𑄌𑄨𑄖𑄴𑅁

Article 1 of UDHR in the Bengali alphabet

বেগ মানুষসুন স্বাধীনগরি এক্কই মর্যাদা আর অধিকার লনে লই জন্ম অন। তারার বিবেক বুদ্ধি বেক্কানি আগে। সেনত্তে আমার বেক্কুনেল্লেই দোল চিত্তলই সংপরানা উচিৎ।

Transliteration

Beg manussun swadhīn gori ekkoi morzada ar odhikar lone loi jonmo on. Tarar bibek buddhi bekkani age, senotte amar bekkunellei dôl cittoloi soṁporana ucit.

Details provided by Amuk F. and Wolfram Siegel

Translation

All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.
(Article 1 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights)

Sample video in Chakma

Links

Information about the Chakma language and alphabet
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chakma_language
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chakma_script
http://std.dkuug.dk/jtc1/sc2/wg2/docs/n3428.pdf
https://mcdf.files.wordpress.com/2009/12/chakma-language-and-script.pdf

Online virtual Chakma keyboard
http://uni.hilledu.com/ribeng.html

Chakma fonts
http://hilledu.com/?page_id=1954
http://www.omniglot.com/fonts/chakma.zip

Indo-Aryan languages

Awadhi, Assamese, Bagri, Bengali, Bhili, Bishnupriya Manipuri, Braj, Chakma, Chhattisgarhi, Chittagonian, Desiya, Dhivehi, Dhundari, Fiji Hindi, Gujarati, Hajong, Halbi, Haryanvi, Hindi, Kannauji, Khandeshi, Konkani, Kotia, Kumaoni, Kutchi, Lambadi, Marathi, Marwari, Mewari, Modi, Nimadi, Odia, Parkari Koli, Punjabi, Rajasthani, Rajbanshi, Rangpuri, Rohingya, Saraiki, Sarnámi Hindustani, Sindhi, Sinhala, Sourashtra, Sugali, Sylheti, Tanchangya, Urdu

Languages written with the Eastern Nagari (Bengali) alphabet

Atong, Bengali, Bishnupriya Manipuri, Bodo, Bhumij, Chittagonian, Garo, Hajong, Karbi, Kharia, Khasi, Kokborok, Kurmali, Malto, Manipuri, Mundari, Rangpuri, Sadri, Santali, Sylheti, Toto, Tanchangya

Languages written with the Latin alphabet

Abugidas / Syllabic alphabets

Ahom, Aima, Arleng, Badagu, Badlit, Balinese, Balti-A, Balti-B, Batak, Baybayin, Bengali, Bhaiksuki, Bhujimol, Bilang-bilang, Bima, Blackfoot, Brahmi, Buhid, Burmese, Carrier, Chakma, Cham, Cree, Dehong Dai, Devanagari, Dham Lipi, Dhankari / Sirmauri, Ditema, Dives Akuru, Dogra, Ethiopic, Evēla Akuru, Fraser, Gond, Goykanadi, Grantha, Gujarati, Gunjala Gondi, Gupta, Gurmukhi, Halbi Lipi, Hanifi, Hanuno'o, Ibalnan, Inuktitut, Jaunsari Takri, Javanese, Kaithi, Kadamba, Kamarupi, Kannada, Kawi, Kerinci, Kharosthi, Khema, Khe Prih, Khmer, Khojki, Khudabadi, Kirat Rai, Kōchi, Kulitan, Kurukh Banna, Lampung, Lanna, Lao, Lepcha, Limbu, Lontara/Makasar, Lota Ende, Magar Akkha, Mahajani, Malayalam, Manpuri, Meroïtic, Masarm Gondi, Modi, Mon, Mongolian Horizontal Square Script, Multani, Nandinagari, Newa, Ojibwe, Odia, Pahawh Hmong, Pallava, Phags-pa, Purva Licchavi, Qiang / Rma, Ranjana, Rejang (Kaganga), Sasak, Savara, Satera Jontal, Shan, Sharda, Siddham, Sinhala, Sorang Sompeng, Sourashtra, Soyombo, Sukhothai, Sundanese, Syloti Nagri, Tagbanwa, Takri, Tamil, Tanchangya (Ka-Pat), Tani, Thaana, Telugu, Thai, Tibetan, Tigalari, Tikamuli, Tocharian, Tolong Siki, Vatteluttu, Warang Citi

Page last modified: 23.11.21

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