Cham (ꨀꨇꩉ ꨌꩌ / Akhar Cam)

Cham is a member of the Chamic branch of the Malayo-Polynesian language family. It is spoken by about 318,900 people, mainly in Cambodia, and also in Vietnam, Thailand and Laos. There are two main varieties of Cham - Western Cham, spoken in Cambodia, Vietnam, Thailand and Laos, and Eastern Cham, spoken in Vietnam. The two varieties have much in common, but are not mutually intelligible. Speakers of the former tend to use the Arabic alphabet, while some speakers of the latter still use the Cham alphabet. During the French colonial period, both Cham communities had to use the Latin alphabet.

Western Cham

In 2009 there were 204,000 speakers of Western Cham in Cambodia, particularly in Kampong Cham and Tbong Khmum provinces. There were about 25,000 Western Cham speakers in Vietnam in 2007, mainly in An Giang and Tay Ninh provinces and in Ho Chi Minh city. There are about 4,000 speakers of Western Cham in Thailand, mainly in Krung Thep province, and also in Bangkok. There are also about 340 Western Cham speakers in Savannahkhet province of Laos.

Eastern Cham

In 2007 there were about 72,900 speakers of Eastern Cham in Vietnam, mainly in Binh Thuan, Dong Nai and Ninh Thuan provinces, and in Ho Chi Minh city.

Cham alphabet

The Cham alphabet developed from India's early Brahmi script. The earliest known inscriptions in the Cham alphabet date from the first millennium AD.

Notable features

Eastern (Vietnamese) Cham

Vowels and Diphthongs
Vietnamese Cham vowels and diphthongs

Consonants
Vietnamese Cham consonants

Numerals
Vietnamese Cham numerals

Western (Cambodian) Cham

Vowel and vowel diacritics
Cambodian Cham vowels and vowel diacritics

Consonants
Cambodian Cham consonants

Numerals
Cambodian Cham numerals

The Cham fonts used on this page were created by Jason Glavy

Sample text in Eastern Cham

Sample text in Cham (Genesis 1: 1-5)

Transliteration

  1. Dahlaong di dihrai, PPO LINGIK pajieng lingik saong baoh tanâh.
  2. PPO LINGIK pajieng baoh tanâh saong aia, min oh hu cek, oh hu patuw, oh hu kayau, daok lit-tapin, xup-palup. Blaoh binguk-yawa PPO LINGIK nao ngaok dalah aia.
  3. PPO LINGIK ndom lac: "Ita pajieng hadah-dai". Mblaoh hu hadak.
  4. PPO LINGIK mboh truk hadah nan siam.
  5. PPO nâh hadah tabiak truk di xup, jieng hu tuk hadah nan harei thandaom xup nan matam. PPO ngaok abih truk nan xalam sa harei min nan harei sa.

Source: Language Museum

Translation

  1. In the beginning God created the heaven and the earth.
  2. And the earth was without form, and void; and darkness was upon the face of the deep. And the Spirit of God moved upon the face of the waters.
  3. And God said, Let there be light: and there was light.
  4. And God saw the light, that it was good: and God divided the light from the darkness.
  5. And God called the light Day, and the darkness he called Night. And the evening and the morning were the first day.

Genesis 1: 1-5. Source: Bible Gateway

Sample video in Cham

Information about Cham | Numbers

Links

Information about Cham
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cham_language
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cham_script
https://www.ethnologue.com/language/cja
https://www.ethnologue.com/language/cjm/22
https://www.everyculture.com/wc/Tajikistan-to-Zimbabwe/Cham.html
https://kauthara.org/cham-lesson

Chamic languages

Acehnese, Cham, Chru, Jarai, Rade

Syllabic alphabets / abugidas

Ahom, Aima, Badaga, Balinese, Batak, Baybayin (Tagalog), Bengali, Bilang-bilang, Bima, Blackfoot, Brahmi, Buhid, Burmese, Carrier, Chakma, Cham, Cree, Dehong Dai, Devanagari, Dham Lipi, Ditema, Dives Akuru, Dogra, Ethiopic, Evēla Akuru, Fraser, Gond, Goykanadi, Grantha, Gujarati, Gunjala Gondi, Gupta, Gurmukhi, Hanifi, Hanuno'o, Ibalnan, Inuktitut, Javanese, Jenticha, Kaithi, Kadamba, Kannada, Kawi, Kerinci, Kharosthi, Khema, Khe Phri, Khmer, Khojki, Kirat Rai, Kulitan, Lampung, Lanna, Lao, Lepcha, Limbu, Lontara/Makasar, Lota Ende, Magar Akkha, Malayalam, Manpuri, Meroïtic, Masarm Gondi, Modi, Mon, Mongolian Horizontal Square Script, Multani, Nandinagari, Newa, Ojibwe, Odia, Pahawh Hmong, Pallava, Phags-pa, Ranjana, Redjang, Sasak, Savara, Satera Jontal, Shan, Sharda, Siddham, Sindhi, Sinhala, Sorang Sompeng, Sourashtra, Soyombo, Sundanese, Syloti Nagri, Tagbanwa, Takri, Tamil, Tani, Thaana, Telugu, Thai, Tibetan, Tigalari (Tulu), Tikamuli, Tocharian, Tolong Siki, Warang Citi


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