Cham is a member of the Chamic branch of the Malayo-Polynesian language family. It is spoken by about 318,900 people, mainly in Cambodia, and also in Vietnam, Thailand and Laos. There are two main varieties of Cham - Western Cham, spoken in Cambodia, Vietnam, Thailand and Laos, and Eastern Cham, spoken in Vietnam. The two varieties have much in common, but are not mutually intelligible. Speakers of the former tend to use the Arabic alphabet, while some speakers of the latter still use the Cham alphabet. During the French colonial period, both Cham communities had to use the Latin alphabet.
In 2009 there were 204,000 speakers of Western Cham in Cambodia, particularly in Kampong Cham and Tbong Khmum provinces. There were about 25,000 Western Cham speakers in Vietnam in 2007, mainly in An Giang and Tay Ninh provinces and in Ho Chi Minh city. There are about 4,000 speakers of Western Cham in Thailand, mainly in Krung Thep province, and also in Bangkok. There are also about 340 Western Cham speakers in Savannahkhet province of Laos.
In 2007 there were about 72,900 speakers of Eastern Cham in Vietnam, mainly in Binh Thuan, Dong Nai and Ninh Thuan provinces, and in Ho Chi Minh city.
The Cham alphabet developed from India's early Brahmi script. The earliest known inscriptions in the Cham alphabet date from the first millennium AD.
Vowels and Diphthongs
Vowel and vowel diacritics
The Cham fonts used on this page were created by Jason Glavy
Source: Language Museum
Genesis 1: 1-5. Source: Bible Gateway
Information about Cham
Ahom, Aima, Badaga, Balinese, Balti-A, Balti-B, Batak, Baybayin (Tagalog), Bengali, Bhaiksuki, Bhujimol, Bilang-bilang, Bima, Blackfoot, Brahmi, Buhid, Burmese, Carrier, Chakma, Cham, Cree, Dehong Dai, Devanagari, Dham Lipi, Dhankari / Sirmauri, Ditema, Dives Akuru, Dogra, Ethiopic, Evēla Akuru, Fraser, Gond, Goykanadi, Grantha, Gujarati, Gunjala Gondi, Gupta, Gurmukhi, Halbi Lipi, Hanifi, Hanuno'o, Ibalnan, Inuktitut, Jaunsari Takri, Javanese, Jenticha, Kaithi, Kadamba, Kamarupi, Kannada, Kawi, Kerinci, Kharosthi, Khema, Khe Phri, Khmer, Khojki, Khudabadi, Kirat Rai, Kōchi, Kulitan, Kurukh Banna, Lampung, Lanna, Lao, Lepcha, Limbu, Lontara/Makasar, Lota Ende, Magar Akkha, Mahajani, Malayalam, Manpuri, Meroïtic, Masarm Gondi, Modi, Mon, Mongolian Horizontal Square Script, Multani, Nandinagari, Newa, Ojibwe, Odia, Pahawh Hmong, Pallava, Phags-pa, Purva Licchavi, Ranjana, Redjang, Sasak, Savara, Satera Jontal, Shan, Sharda, Siddham, Sinhala, Sorang Sompeng, Sourashtra, Soyombo, Sukhothai, Sundanese, Syloti Nagri, Tagbanwa, Takri, Tamil, Tanchangya (Ka-Pat), Tani, Thaana, Telugu, Thai, Tibetan, Tigalari, Tikamuli, Tocharian, Tolong Siki, Vatteluttu, Warang Citi
Page last modified: 01.06.21
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