Kamarupi Kamarupi (কামৰূপী)

The Kamarupi script, or traditional Assamese script, developed from Siddham script in Assam and neighbouring regions of northern India which make up the historical Kamarupa region. It was used from 13th century to mid-19th century.

In mid-19th century when Assam came under British control, the Kamarupi script was replaced by the Bengali script after Bengali replaced Assamese as the official language of Assam. Assamese was written using the printed version of the Bengali script. The tradition of making manuscripts and inscriptions decreased. The current standard Assamese alphabet is a mixture of Bengali and traditional Assamese script.

Kamarupi script was used to write Assamese, Sanskrit and Kamtapuri language. It three varieties: Kaitheli, or Lakhari, which was used by non-Brahmins; Bamuniya, which was used by Brahmins for Sanskrit, and Garhgaya, which was used by state officials of the Ahom kingdom. The Kaitheli style was the most popular, with medieval books (like the Hastir-vidyrnava) and sattras using this style.

Notable features

Kamarupi script

Kamarupi script

Download an alphabet chart for Kamarupi (Excel)

Sample text (in Assamese)

Sample text in the Kamarupi script

Transliteration (Assamese alphabet)

জন্মগতভাৱে সকলো মানুহ মৰ্য্যদা আৰু অধিকাৰত সমান আৰু স্বতন্ত্ৰ। তেওঁলোকৰ বিবেক আছে, বুদ্ধি আছে। তেওঁলোকে প্ৰত্যেকে প্ৰেত্যেকক ভ্ৰাতৃভাৱে ব্যৱহাৰ কৰা উচিত।

Transliteration (Latin alphabet)

Zonmogotobhawe xokolü manuh moirjjoda aru odhikarot xoman aru sotontro. Teü̃lükor bibek ase, buddhi ase. Teü̃lüke proitteke proittekok bhratribhawe bebohar kora usit.

IPA transcription

/zɒnmɒɡɒtɒbʰaβɛ xɒkɒlʊ manuʱ mɔɪdʑdʑɒda aɹu ɔdʰikaɹɒt xɒman aɹu sɒtɒntɹɒ || tɛʊ̃lʊkɒɹ bibɛk asɛ buddʰi asɛ || tɛʊ̃lʊkɛ pɹɔɪttɛkɛ pɹɔɪttɛkɒk bʰɹatɹibʰaβɛ bɛβɒɦaɹ kɒɹa usit/

A recording of this text by Sagir Ahmed

Translation

All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.
(Article 1 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights)

Details provided by Biswajit Mandal (biswajitmandal[dot]bm90[at]gmail[dot]com) and Sagir Ahmed (sagir.sa15@gmail.com)

Links

Information about the Kamarupi script
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kamarupi_script
https://www.indianetzone.com/55/origin_assamese_script.htm
http://www.xobdo.org/article/unicode-script-languages
https://www.unicode.org/L2/L2018/18181-n4947-assamese.pdf

Syllabic alphabets / abugidas

Ahom, Aima, Badaga, Balinese, Balti-A, Balti-B, Batak, Baybayin (Tagalog), Bengali, Bhaiksuki, Bhujimol, Bilang-bilang, Bima, Blackfoot, Brahmi, Buhid, Burmese, Carrier, Chakma, Cham, Cree, Dehong Dai, Devanagari, Dham Lipi, Dhankari / Sirmauri, Ditema, Dives Akuru, Dogra, Ethiopic, Evēla Akuru, Fraser, Gond, Goykanadi, Grantha, Gujarati, Gunjala Gondi, Gupta, Gurmukhi, Hanifi, Hanuno'o, Ibalnan, Inuktitut, Jaunsari Takri, Javanese, Jenticha, Kaithi, Kadamba, Kamarupi, Kannada, Kawi, Kerinci, Kharosthi, Khema, Khe Phri, Khmer, Khojki, Khudabadi, Kirat Rai, Kōchi, Kulitan, Lampung, Lanna, Lao, Lepcha, Limbu, Lontara/Makasar, Lota Ende, Magar Akkha, Mahajani, Malayalam, Manpuri, Meroïtic, Masarm Gondi, Modi, Mon, Mongolian Horizontal Square Script, Multani, Nandinagari, Newa, Ojibwe, Odia, Pahawh Hmong, Pallava, Phags-pa, Purva Licchavi, Ranjana, Redjang, Sasak, Savara, Satera Jontal, Shan, Sharda, Siddham, Sinhala, Sorang Sompeng, Sourashtra, Soyombo, Sundanese, Syloti Nagri, Tagbanwa, Takri, Tamil, Tanchangya (Ka-Pat), Tani, Thaana, Telugu, Thai, Tibetan, Tigalari, Tikamuli, Tocharian, Tolong Siki, Vatteluttu, Warang Citi


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