Saurashtra a member of the Western branch of the Indo-Aryan language family. It is spoken mainly in Tamil Nadu in southern India in the Madurai, Thanjavur and Salem Districts. There are also Saurashtra speakers in Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka. According to the 2011 census of India, there are 247,702 speakers of Saurashtra. Saurashtrans migrated to southern India from Gujarat about 1,000 year ago.
Saurashtra is also known as Sourashtra, Palkar, Patnuli, Saurashtri or Sowrashtra. It is related to Gujarati, and contains many words from Telugu and Tamil.
Saurashtra has been written with a number of different alphabets. It was first written with a version of the Telugu script in the 17th and 18th centuries. A Saurashtra alphabet was created in the late 19th century. In 1920 the Devanagari script was adopted for Saurashtra, and it is also written with the Tamil script. There is some debate about which script is best for the language.
The Saurashtra alphabet was developed in the 1880s and is used, to some extent, by Saurashtra speakers in Tamil Nadu. It is not certain who created the script or what it was modelled on.
Download an alphabet chart for Saurashtra (Excel)
Hear Saurashtra vowels
Hear Saurashtra consonants
See how to write the Saurashtra letters:
Anirōdham anutpādam anuccēdam aśāśvatam. Anēkārtham anānārtham anāgamam anirgamam. Yah pratītyasamutpādam prapañcōpaśamam śivam. Dēśayāmāsa sambuddhastam vandē vadatām varam.
Some information about Saurashtra provided by Michael Peter Füsutumum
Information about the Saurashtra language and alphabet
Awadhi, Assamese, Bagri, Bengali, Bhili, Bishnupriya Manipuri, Braj, Chakma, Chhattisgarhi, Chittagonian, Desiya, Dhatki, Dhivehi, Dhundari, Fiji Hindi, Gawar Bati, Gujarati, Hajong, Halbi, Haryanvi, Hindi, Hindko, Kannauji, Khandeshi, Konkani, Kotia, Kumaoni, Kutchi, Lambadi, Marathi, Marwari, Mewari, Modi, Nimadi, Odia, Parkari Koli, Punjabi, Rajasthani, Rajbanshi, Rangpuri, Rohingya, Saraiki, Sarnámi Hindustani, Sindhi, Sinhala, Sourashtra, Sugali, Sylheti, Tanchangya, Urdu
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Page last modified: 16.03.23
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