Hindko (ہندکو)

Hindko is a member of Northwestern Lahnda branch of the Indo-Aryan language family. It is spoken by about 3.57 million people in the northwest of Pakistan, particularly in the Muzaffarabad district of Azad Kashmir Province, and in the Abbotabad and Mansehra districts of the Hazara Division of Khyber Pakhtunkwa Province. Hindko is referred to as a group of Lahnda dialects or as a separate language.

Hindko is also known as Northern Hindko, Hazara Hindko, Kagani, Kaghan or Hindki, and people who speak it are known as Hindki, Hindkun or Hindkowan. Hindko is written with the Arabic script using a spelling system based on Punjabi created by Rehmat Aziz Chitrali at the Khowar Academy in Chitral. It is used in literature and the media.

Another variety of Hindko: Southern Hindko, is spoken by about 1.17 million people in the Kohat and Peshawar districts of Khyber Pakhtunkwa province, and in the Attock and Hazara districts of Punjab province.

There are different literary standards for Northern Hindko and Southern Hindko. The former is based of the Abbottabad dialect, while the latter is based on the Peshawari dialect.

Hindko alphabet

Hindko alphabet

Download an alphabet chart for Hindko (Excel)

Sample text in Hindko

الف اول ہے عالم ہست سی او
ہاتف آپ پکاریا بسمہ اللہ
فیر قلم نوں حکم نوشت ہویا
ہس کے قلم سر ماریا بسمہ اللہ
نقشہ لوح محفوظ دے وچ سینے
قلم صاف اتاریا بسمہ اللہ
اس تحریر نوں پڑھ کے فرشتیاں نے
سائیاں شکر گزاریا بسمہ اللہ


Alif-Awal hai Alam e hast sī o
Hātif āp pukārā Bismillah
Fīr Qalam nū̃ hukum e Nawišt hoyā
Hus ke qalam sir māriyā Bismillah
Naqšā Loh e Mahfūz dai wic sine
Qalam sāf utāriyā Bismillah
Is Tahrīr nū̃ paṛah ke Farištiyā̃ ne
Sāiyā̃ Šukar guzāriyā Bismillah


He is the foremost from the world of existence
Voice of the unseen exclaimed Bismillah
The pen was ordered to write
Pen carried out the order to write Bismillah
When angels read this composition
Saaieaan, they showed their thankfulness with Bismillah

Details provided by Michael Peter Füstumum

Samples of spoken Hindko


Information about Hindko

Indo-Aryan languages

Awadhi, Assamese, Bagri, Bengali, Bhili, Bishnupriya Manipuri, Braj, Chakma, Chhattisgarhi, Chittagonian, Desiya, Dhatki, Dhivehi, Dhundari, Fiji Hindi, Gawar Bati, Gujarati, Hajong, Halbi, Haryanvi, Hindi, Hindko, Kannauji, Khandeshi, Konkani, Kotia, Kumaoni, Kutchi, Lambadi, Marathi, Marwari, Mewari, Modi, Nimadi, Noakhailla, Odia, Parkari Koli, Punjabi, Rajasthani, Rajbanshi, Rangpuri, Rohingya, Saraiki, Sarnámi Hindustani, Sindhi, Sinhala, Sourashtra, Sugali, Sylheti, Tanchangya, Urdu

Page created: 06.05.23. Last modified: 09.06.24


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