Bhumij (भूमिज / ଭୂମିଜ / ভূমিজ )

Bhumij is a Munda language spoken by about 100,000 people mainly in the India states of West Bengal, Odisha and Jharkhand. Bhumij is considered to be a dialect of Mundari by most people.

Bhumij is usually written with the Devanagari, Odia or Bengali alphabets. It is also written the Ol Onal alphabet, which was invented between 1981-1992 by Ol Guru Mahendra Nath Sardar, a Bhumij linguist from Odisha.

Devanagari alphabet for Bhumij

Devanagari alphabet for Bhumij

Odia alphabet for Bhumij

Odia alphabet for Bhumij

Bengali alphabet for Bhumij

Bengali alphabet for Bhumij

Download an alphabet chart for Bhumij (Excel)

Sample text (Devanagari alphabet)

जोतो होड़ोको के मान् आर अधिकार रेया पाईटी रे जन्मजुग आते नवारी ओडोअ् बाराबारी नाम आकाना। आजके बुद्धि ओडोअ् अन्तर आत्मा आते नाम आकाना ओडोअ् सोंगेरे आजके दादा भाई रूपते मान्ती दरकार।

Sample text (Odia alphabet)

ଜୋଥୋ ହୋଡ଼ୋକୋ କେ ମାନ ଆର ଅଧିକାର ରେୟା ପାଈଟୀ ରେ ଜନ୍ମଜୁଗ ଆଥେ ନୱାରୀ ଓଡୋଅ୍ ବାରାବାରୀ ନାମ ଆକାନା। ଆଜକେ ବୁଦ୍ଧି ଓଡୋଅ୍ ଅନ୍ଥର ଆଥ୍ମା ଆଥେ ନାମ ଆକାନା ଓଡୋଅ୍ ସୋଙଗେରେ ଆଜକେ ଦାଦା ଭାଈ ରୂପ୍ଥେ ମାନ୍ତୀ ଦରକାର।

Sample text (Bengali alphabet)

জোতো হোড়োকো কে মান আর অধিকার রেয়া পাঈটী রে জন্মজুগ আতে নওয়ারী ওডোঅ্ বারাবারী নাম আকানা। আজকে বুদ্ধি ওডোঅ্ অন্তর আত্মা আতে নাম আকানা ওডোঅ্ সোঙ্গেরে আজকে দাদা ভাঈ রূপ্তে মান্তী দরকার।

Transliteration

Joto hoṛoko ke mān ār ôdhikār reyā pāīṭī re jônmôjug āte nôwārī oḍoô bārābārī nām ākānā. Ājke buddhi oḍoô ôntôr ātmā āte nām ākānā oḍoô soṅgere ājke dādā bhāī rūpte māntī dôrkār.

Translation

All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.
(Article 1 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights)

Details supplied by Biswajit Mandal (biswajitmandal[dot]bm90[at]gmail[dot]com)

Sample video in Bhumij

Links

Information about Bhumij
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bhumij
https://livingtongues.org/projects/asia/india/munda-languages/bhumij/
http://www.endangeredlanguages.com/lang/1601

Munda languages

Bhumij, Gadaba, Ho, Juang, Kharia, Korku, Mundari, Santali, Sora

Languages written with the Devanāgarī alphabet

Aka-Jeru, Angika, Avestan, Awadhi, Balti, Bantawa, Bhili, Bhumij, Bilaspuri, Bodo, Bhojpuri, Braj, Car, Chamling, Chhantyal, Chhattisgarhi, Chambeali, Danwar, Dhimal, Dhundari, Dogri, Doteli, Gaddi, Garhwali, Gondi, Gurung, Halbi, Haryanvi, Hindi, Ho, Jarawa, Jaunsari, Kannauji, Kham, Kangri, Kashmiri, Khaling, Khandeshi, Kharia, Khortha, Korku, Konkani, Kullui, Kumaoni, Kurmali, Kurukh, Kusunda, Lambadi, Limbu, Lhomi, Magahi, Magar, Mahasu Pahari, Maithili, Maldivian, Malto, Mandeali, Marathi, Marwari, Mundari, Nancowry. Newar, Nepali, Nimadi, Onge, Pahari, Pali, Pangwali, Rajasthani, Rajbanshi, Rangpuri, Sadri, Sanskrit, Santali, Saraiki, Sirmauri, Sherpa, Shina, Sindhi, Sunwar, Sylheti, Tamang, Thakali, Thangmi, Wancho, Yakkha, Yolmo

Languages written with the Eastern Nagari (Bengali) alphabet

Atong, Bengali, Bishnupriya Manipuri, Bodo, Bhumij, Chittagonian, Garo, Hajong, Kharia, Khasi, Kokborok, Kurmali, Malto, Manipuri, Mundari, Rangpuri, Sadri, Santali, Sylheti, Toto, Tanchangya

Languages written with the Odia alphabet

Bhumij, Chhattisgarhi, Desiya, Halbi, Juang, Kharia, Kurmali, Mundari, Odia, Santali, Sora


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