Garhwali (गढ़वळि)

Garhwali is a member of the Central Pahari branch of the Indo-Aryan language family. It is spoken mainly in the Garhwal Division of Uttarakhand State in the north of India. In the year 2000 there were about 2.92 million speakers of Garhwali, which is also known as Gadhavali, Gadhawala, Gadwahi, Gashwali, Girwali, Godauli, Gorwali, Gurvali or Pahari Garhwali.

An old form of Garhwali was used in inscriptions dating back to the 10th century AD on coins, royal seals, temple stones and so on. However, until the 18th century, Garhwali was mainly an oral language. After that, written literature in Garhwali started to be produced.

Garhwali is used as an everyday language by Garhwali people in Uttarakhand, and as a second language by Gujari, Jad and Rongpo people. It is also used on the radio, and in songs, poetry, novels, short stories and plays.

Garhwali is also spoken in other parts of India, especially in Dehli, and also in Himachal Pradesh, Haryana, Punjab, Uttar Pradesh and Bihar.

Garhwali alphabet

Garhwali alphabet

Download an alphabet chart for Garhwali (Excel)

Sample text

  1. तिसरा दिन गलीला का काना नौं नगर माँ कै को ब्यों थयो, आर यीशू की बोई, याने माँ, भी वाख थयी।
  2. आर यीशू आर वै का चेला भी वै व्यो मा न्यूत्या गया थया।
  3. जाब दाखरस घटी गाय ताव यीशू की बोई, याने माता न (वैसे) यानें यीशू से ब्वाल कि ऊँकी पास दाखरस नी रयो।
  4. यीशू न तैं से ब्वाल हे नारी,(या) बैरबान, तेरो मैं से क्या काम, अमी म्यारो बगत नीं आयो।

IPA Translation

  1. tɪsrɑ dɪn ɡəlilɑ kɑ kɑnɑ nɔ̃ nəɡər mɑ̃ kæ ko bjõ tʰəjo, ɑr jiʃu ki boi, jɑne mɑ̃, bʰi wɑkʰ tʰəji.
  2. ɑr jiʃu ɑr wæ kɑ tʃelɑ bʰi wæ bjo mɑ njutjɑ ɡəjɑ tʰəjɑ.
  3. dʒɑb dɑkʰrəs ɡʰəʈi ɡɑj jiʃu ki boi, jɑne mɑtɑ nə (wæse) jɑnẽ jiʃu se bwɑl kɪ ũki pɑs dɑkʰrəs ni rəjo.
  4. jiʃu nə tæ̃ se bwɑl he nɑri, (jɑ) bɛrbɑn, tero mæ̃ se kjɑ kɑm, əmi mjɑro bəɡət ni ɑjo.

Translation

  1. And the third day there was a marriage in Cana of Galilee; and the mother of Jesus was there:
  2. And both Jesus was called, and
  3. his disciples, to the marriage.
  4. And when they wanted wine, the mother of Jesus saith unto him, They have no wine.
  5. Jesus saith unto her, Woman, what have I to do with thee? mine hour is not yet come.

Corrections and sample text by Michael Peter Füstumum abnd Biswajit Mandal

Source: http://gospelgo.com/bibles.htm

Sample videos in Garhwali

Information about Garhwali | Phrases | Numbers

Links

Information about the Garhwali language
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Garhwali_language
https://www.ethnologue.com/language/gbm
http://speedydeletion.wikia.com/wiki/Garhwali_language

Garhwali phrases and lessons
https://www.euttaranchal.com/culture/learn-garhwali
https://www.euttaranchal.com/culture/learn-garhwali-lesson-3
https://www.languageshome.com/English-Garhwali.htm
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Garhwali_language
https://groups.google.com/forum/#!forum/uttranchalkalasangam

Indo-Aryan languages

Awadhi, Assamese, Bengali, Bhojpuri, Chakma, Chhattisgarhi, Dhivehi, Dhundari, Domari, Fiji Hindi, Garhwali, Gujarati, Hajong, Hindi, Indus Kohistani, Kangri, Kashmiri, Konkani, Kotia, Kutchi, Magahi, Maithili, Marathi, Marwari, Modi, Nepali, Odia, Palula, Parkari Koli, Punjabi, Rajasthani, Rohingya, Romani, Saraiki, Sarnámi Hindustani, Sindhi, Sinhala, Shina, Sourashtra, Sugali, Sylheti, Torwali, Urdu

Languages written with the Devanāgarī alphabet

Aka-Jeru, Avestan, Awadhi, Balti, Bantawa, Bodo, Bhojpuri, Car, Chhattisgarhi, Dhimal, Dhundari, Dogri, Garhwali, Gondi, Gurung, Hindi, Ho, Jarawa, Kham, Kangri, Kashmiri, Khaling, Konkani, Kurukh, Limbu, Lhomi, Magahi, Magar, Maithili, Maldivian, Marathi, Marwari, Mundari, Newar, Nepali, Onge, Pali, Rajasthani, Sanskrit, Santali, Saraiki, Sherpa, Shina, Sindhi, Sunwar, Sylheti, Tamang, Yakkha, Yolmo


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