Kharia (खड़िया)

Kharia is a Munda language spoken mainly in the states of Jharkhand, Chhattisgarh and Odisha in eastern central India by about 298,000 people. It is spoken in the Simdega and Gumla districts of Jharkhand, in the Surguja and Raigarh districts of Chhattisgarh, and in the Sundargarh district of Odisha.

There are also about 256 speakers of Kharia in Mechi and Kosi zones of Nepal along the border with India.

Kharia is also known as Haria, Khadia, Khariya, Kharvi, Khatria or Kheria. Dialects are Dhelki Kharia, Dudh Kharia and Mirdha-Kharia.

Kharia is written with the Devanagari alphabet, and nearly half the Kharia speakers are literate in their language. It is used in literature and on the radio, and is an official language in Jharkhand. It is also written the the Odia and Bengali alphabets.

Devanagari alphabet for Kharia

Devanagari alphabet for Kharia

Odia alphabet for Kharia

Odia alphabet for Kharia

Bengali alphabet for Kharia

Bengali alphabet for Kharia

Download alphabet charts for Kharia (Excel)

Sample text (Devanagari alphabet)

सोउब्म लेबु कियाऽ गैरव ओडोऽ अधिकाराऽ मासन बुँग जोनोम-जात स्वतंत्रता ओडोऽ समानता कुई सिड होतोके लुर ओडोऽ जातोमाऽ तेर तेर कुई सिऽ ओडोऽ मुनुडू होकी ते भाई-भाई मुन व्यवहार करायना चाहि।

Sample text (Odia alphabet)

ସୋଉବମ ଲେବୁ କିୟାଽ ଗୈରୱ ଓଡୋଽ ଅଧିକାରାଽ ମାସନ ବୁଁଗ ଜୋନୋମ-ଜାତ ସୱତନତରତା ଓଡୋଽ ସମାନତା କୁଈ ସିଡ ହୋତୋକେ ଲୁର ଓଡୋଽ ଜାତୋମାଽ ତେର ତେର କୁଈ ସିଽ ଓଡୋଽ ମୁନୁଡୂ ହୋକୀ ତେ ଵାଈ-ଵାଈ ମୁନ ୱୟୱହାର କରାୟନା ଚାହି‍।

Sample text (Bengali alphabet)

সোউবম লেবু কিযাঽ গৈরৱ ওডোঽ ধিকারাঽ মাসন বুঁগ জোনোম-জাত সৱতনতরতা ওডোঽ সমানতা কুঈ সিড হোতোকে লুর ওডোঽ জাতোমাঽ তের তের কুঈ সিঽ ওডোঽ মুনুডূ হোকী তে ভাঈ-ভাঈ মুন ৱযৱহার করাযনা চাহি।

Transliteration

Soubma lebu kiyāʔ gairawa oḍoʔ adhikārāʔ māsana bũga jonoma-jāta swatantratā oḍoʔ samānatā kuī siḍa hotoke lura oḍoʔ jātomāʔ tera tera kuī siʔ oḍoʔ munuḍū hokī te bhāī-bhāī muna wyawahāra karāyanā cāhi.

Translation

All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.
(Article 1 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights)

Details of provided by Biswajit Mandal (biswajitmandal[dot]bm90[at]gmail[dot]com) and Michael Peter Füstumum

Sample videos in and about Kharia

Link

Information about Kharia
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kharia_language
https://www.ethnologue.com/language/khr
http://www.endangeredlanguages.com/lang/5618
https://talkingdictionary.swarthmore.edu/kharia/

Munda languages

Gadaba, Ho, Kharia, Kurukh, Mundari, Santali, Sora

Languages written with the Devanāgarī alphabet

Aka-Jeru, Avestan, Awadhi, Balti, Bantawa, Bhili, Bodo, Bhojpuri, Car, Chhattisgarhi, Dhimal, Dhundari, Dogri, Garhwali, Gondi, Gurung, Hindi, Ho, Jarawa, Kham, Kangri, Kashmiri, Khaling, Kharia, Konkani, Kurukh, Lambadi, Limbu, Lhomi, Magahi, Magar, Maithili, Maldivian, Malto, Marathi, Marwari, Mundari, Newar, Nepali, Onge, Pali, Rajasthani, Rangpuri, Sanskrit, Santali, Saraiki, Sherpa, Shina, Sindhi, Sunwar, Sylheti, Tamang, Yakkha, Yolmo


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