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Lezgi (лезги / лезги чӀал)

Lezgi is a member of the Nakh-Daghestanian or Northeast Caucasian language family. It is spoken mainly in southern Dagestan in the Russian Federation, and also in northern parts of Azerbaijan. In 2010 there were about 402,000 Lezgi speakers in Dagestan, and 193,000 people spoke Lezgi in Azerbaijan in 2017. There are also speakers of Lezgi in Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan, Turkey, Germany and other countries.

Lezgi is a recognized language in the Dagestan Autonomous Republic, and is used in literature and the media. In Azerbaijan Lezgi is spoken mainly in Qusar, Quba, Qabala, Oghuz, Ismailli and Khachmaz provinces in the northeast of the country.

Lezgi is also known as Lezgian, Lezgin, Lezghi or Kiurintsy. Dialects include Kiuri, Samur and Quba.

Written Lezgi

Lezgi was first written a version of the Arabic alphabet at the beginning of the 20th century. A way of writing Lezgi with the Cyrillic alphabet was devised by Baron Peter von Uslar in the 1860s and used in parallel with the Arabic alphabet. A modified version of the alphabet was used in some schools from 1911.

The Latin alphabet was introduced in the 1928 as part of the Soviet Union's Latinisation campaign. This was revised in 1932, and replaced by the Cyrillic alphabet in 1938.

Arabic alphabet

Arabic alphabet for Lezgi

Notes

Latin alphabet for Lezgi (1932-1938)

Latin alphabet for Lezgi (1932-1938)

Cyrilic alphabet for Lezgi

Cyrilic alphabet for Lezgi

Notes

Download an alphabet chart for Lezgi (Excel)

Corrections and editions by Michael Peter Füstumum

Sample text in Lezgi

Sample text in Lezgi

Source: Определитель языков мира по письменностям. Академия наук СССР. Москва – 1965.

Transcription

Гьеле гатфарин гьаваяр алукьнавачир. Эхиримжи гьафтейра авай гьава лап аяз квайди тир. Живер юкъузцӀразвайтӀани йифера мекьивал ирид градусдив агакьзавай. Къалин жив акӀ кӀеви хьанвай хьи, арабайривайрехъ авачир чкайрайни физ жезвай. Ахпа садлагьана чими гарар акъатна, цав цифери кӀевиа, пуд юкъузни пудйифиз гужлу марф къвана. Ахпа гар секин хьана, кьалин чӀулав циф акьалтна. Марфар къвана, муркӀархъиткьиниз эгечӀна, ругъул селлер авахьна. Нянихъ циф чкӀиз эгечӀна, рагар-рагар хьана циф катна, гьава ачуххьана, лап гьакъикъи гатфар алукьна. Пакамахъ экуь рагъ галукьайла, назик муркӀар цӀрана, гатфарин гьаваччилелай къарагъзавай бугъадик зурзуна.

Transliteration

Hele gatfarin havajar aluq’navačir. Exirimži haftejra avaj hava lap ajaz kvajdi tir. Živer juquzc’razvajt’ani jifera meq’ival irid gradusdiv agaq’zavaj. Qalin živ ak’ k’evi x̌anvaj x̌i, arabajrivajreqh avačir čkajrajni fiz žezvaj. Axpa sadlahana čimi garar aqatna, cav ciferi k’evia, pud juquzni pudjifiz gužlu marf qvana. Axpa gar sekin x̌ana, q’alin č’ulav cif aq’altna. Marfar qvana, murk’arqhitq’iniz egeč’na, ruǧul seller avax̌na. Njaniqh cif čk’iz egeč’na, ragar-ragar x̌ana cif katna, hava ačuxx̌ana, lap haqiqi gatfar aluq’na. Pakamaqh eky raǧ galuq’ajla, nazik murk’ar c’rana, gatfarin havaččilelaj qaraǧzavaj buǧadik zurzuna.

Some information provided by Wolfgang Kuhl and Michael Peter Füstumum

Sample video in Lezgi

Information about Lezgi | Phrases | Numbers

Links

Information about Lezgi
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lezgian_language
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lezgin_alphabets
https://www.ethnologue.com/language/lez
http://www.peterlin.pl/lezgi/chal.html

Northeast Caucasian languages

Aghul, Akhvakh, Andi, Archi, Avar, Bagvalal, Batsbi, Bezhta, Botlikh, Budukh, Caucasian Albanian, Chamalal, Chechen, Dargwa, Godoberi, Hinukh, Hunzib, Ingush, Karata, Khinalug, Khwarshi, Kryts, Kubachi, Lak, Lezgian, Rutul, Tabassaran, Tindi, Tsakhur, Tsez, Udi

Other languages written with the: Arabic, Cyrillic and Latin alphabets


If you need to type in many different languages, the Q International Keyboard can help. It enables you to type almost any language that uses the Latin, Cyrillic or Greek alphabets, and is free.

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