Moksha is a Mordvinic language spoken mainly in the west of the Republic of Mordovia in west of the Russia Federation. In 2010 there were about 430,000 speakers of Moksha, according to the Russian census. In some villages people speak only Moksha. Elsewhere Moksha speakers also know Russian. The majority of Moksha speakers are adults. Some children do learn the language, but only speak it with elderly relatives.
Moksha is related to Erzya (Эрзянь кель), although the two languages are not mutually intelligible. They are collectively known as Mordvin. These languages have co-official status with Russian in the Republic of Mordovia.
Moksha was first written in the 18th century with a version of the Cyrillic alphabet. Extra letters were added to the alphabet between 1924-1927. In 1932 a new alphabet for Moksha based on the Latin script was officially approved, but never adopted. The spelling of Moksha was reformed in 1993. Conferences in 1928 and 1935 decreed that the literary language would be based on the northwest dialect of Moksha.
Download an alphabet chart for Moksha (Excel)
Мокшень кяль Суоми-Равонь кяльхнень эзда фкясь, Суоми-Угронь кяльхнень тарадоц, канневи уралень кяльса корхтайхнень кяльснон ёткс. Мокшень кяльсь эрзянь кяльти ди тяни кулоф мяшярань кяльти сембода малады. Мокшень кяльсь ащи масторонь кялькс Мордовия республикаса, рузонь эди эрзянь кяльхнень мархтост.
Information about Moksha (Mordvin) | Phrases | Numbers | Tower of Babel |
Information about the Moksha language and people
Online news in Moksha
Online Moksha dictionary
Languages written with the Latin alphabet
Page last modified: 31.12.21
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