Chuvash (Чӑваш чӗлхи / Чӑваш чӗлхи)

Chuvash is a Bolgar Turkic language spoken in the Chuvash Republic in the west of the Russian Federation. In 2010 there were about 1.2 million speakers of Chuvash. It is the official language of the Chuvash Republic (Чӑваш Республики), which is also known as the Chuvashia (Чӑваш Ен), and is also spoken in Tatarstan and Bashkortostan.

The first Chuvash grammar was published in 1769. A number of dictionaries, translations of religious texts and folkloric texts were published during the 18th and early 19th centuries. Chuvash has been written with a Runic script, the Arabic alphabet, and the Cyrillic and Latin alphabets. The Cyrillic alphabet for Chuvash was first introduced in 1873 by Ivan Yakovlevich Yakovlev. Since then it has undergone a number of revisions, particularly in 1938. The Latin alphabet is sometimes used as well, though there is no standard, official version.

Chuvash alphabet (чӑваш алфавичӗ) - Cyrillic

Chuvash version of the Cyillic alphabet

Chuvash alphabet (Latin)

A Chuvash version of the Latin alphabet

Chuvash numerals

Chuvash numerals developed from the numeral system of the Old Turkish script and were used until the early 20th century. Since then Hindu-Arabic numerals (1, 2, 3) have been used.

Chuvash numerals

Download alphabet charts for Chuvash (Excel)

Sample texts in Chuvash

Хӗвелӗн икӗ арăм: Ирхи Шуҫăмпа Каҫхи Шуҫăм. Ир пулсан Хӗвел Ирхи Шуҫăмран уйрăлса каять те яра кун тăршшӗпе Каҫхи Шуҫăм патнелле сулăнать. Ҫак икӗ мăшăрӗнчен унăн ачасем: Этем ятлă ывăл тата Сывлăм ятлă хӗр пур. Этемпе Сывлăм пӗррехинче Ҫӗр чăмăрӗ ҫинче тӗл пулнă та, пӗр-пӗрне юратса ҫемье чăмăртанă. Халь пурăнакан этемсем ҫав мăшăрăн тăхăмӗсем.

Translation

The Sun has two wives: Dawn and Afterglow. When it is morning, the Sun leaves Dawn and during the whole day (he) moves towards Afterglow. From these two spouses of his, he has children: a son named Etem (Human) and a daughter named Syvlăm (Dew). Etem and Syvlăm once met on the globe of the Earth, fell in love with each other and started a family. The humans who live today are the descendants of this couple.

Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chuvash_language#Sample_text

Пур халӑх та тивӗҫлӗ тата хисепре пурӑнма пӗр тан праваллӑ. Пур патшалӑхӑн та унта пурӑнакан халӑхсене пӗр тан тата тӗрӗс пӑхмалла.

Transliteration

Pur halӑh ta tiviҫlӗ tata hisepre purӑnma pӗr tan pravalӑ. Pur patshalӑkhӑn ta unta purӑnakan halӑhsene pӗr tan tata tӗrӗs pӑhmalla.

Sample videos in Chuvash

Information about Chuvash | Phrases | Numbers | Tower of Babel

Links

Information about the Chuvash language
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chuvash_language
https://www.ethnologue.com/language/chv
http://www.peoples.org.ru/eng_chuvash.html
http://en.chuvash.org/e/43687576617368206c616e6775616765

Chuvash phrases
http://iub.edu/~celcar/pamphlets/chuvash.pdf

Chuvash dictionaries
http://samahsar.blogspot.co.uk/p/chuvash-english-dictionary_21.html
http://www.freelang.net/online/chuvash.php
http://en.chuvash.org/wiki/Chuvash-English Dictionary
http://www.classes.ru/all-chuvash/dictionary-russian-chuvash-term-1821.htm

Turkic languages

Altay, Äynu, Azerbaijani, Bashkir, Chagatai, Chelkan, Chulym, Chuvash, Crimean Tatar, Dolgan, Fuyu Kyrgyz, Gagauz, Ili Turki, Karachay-Balkar, Karaim, Karakalpak, Karamanli Turkish, Kazakh, Khakas, Khalaj, Khorasani Turkic, Krymchak, Kumandy, Kumyk, Kyrgyz, Lop, Nogai, Old Turkic, Qashqai, Romanian Tatar, Salar, Shor, Siberian Tatar, Soyot, Tatar, Teleut, Tofa, Turkish, Turkmen, Tuvan, Urum, Uyghur, Uzbek, Western Yugur, Yakut (Sakha)

Languages written with the Cyrillic alphabet

Abaza, Abkhaz, Adyghe, Aghul, Akhvakh, Akkala Sámi, Aleut, Altay, Alyutor, Andi, Archi, Assyrian / Neo-Assyrian, Avar, Azeri, Bagvalal, Balkar, Bashkir, Belarusian, Bezhta, Bosnian, Botlikh, Budukh, Bulgarian, Buryat, Chamalal, Chechen, Chelkan, Chukchi, Chulym, Chuvash, Crimean Tatar, Dargwa, Daur, Dolgan, Dungan, Enets, Erzya, Even, Evenki, Gagauz, Godoberi, Hinukh, Hunzib, Ingush, Interslavic, Itelmen, Juhuri, Kabardian, Kaitag, Kalderash Romani, Kalmyk, Karaim, Karakalpak, Karata, Karelian, Kazakh, Ket, Khakas, Khanty, Khinalug, Khorasani Turkic, Khwarshi, Kildin Sámi, Kili, Komi, Koryak, Krymchak, Kryts, Kubachi, Kumandy, Kumyk, Kurdish, Kyrgyz, Lak, Lezgi, Lingua Franca Nova, Lithuanian, Ludic, Macedonian, Mansi, Mari, Moksha, Moldovan, Mongolian, Montenegrin, Nanai, Negidal, Nenets, Nganasan, Nivkh, Nogai, Old Church Slavonic, Oroch, Orok, Ossetian, Pontic Greek, Romanian, Rushani, Russian, Rusyn, Rutul, Selkup, Serbian, Shor, Shughni, Siberian Tatar, Sirenik, Slovio, Soyot, Tabassaran, Tajik, Talysh, Tat, Tatar, Teleut, Ter Sámi, Tindi, Tofa, Tsakhur, Tsez, Turkmen, Tuvan, Ubykh, Udege, Udi, Udmurt, Ukrainian, Ulch, Urum, Uyghur, Uzbek, Veps, Votic, Wakhi, West Polesian, Xibe, Yaghnobi, Yakut, Yazghulami, Yukaghir (Northern / Tundra), Yukaghir (Southern / Kolyma), Yupik (Central Siberian)

Languages written with the Latin alphabet

Page last modified: 26.06.24

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