Chuvash is a Bolgar Turkic language spoken in the Chuvash Republic in the west of the Russian Federation. In 2010 there were about 1.2 million speakers of Chuvash. It is the official language of the Chuvash Republic (Чӑваш Республики), which is also known as the Chuvashia (Чӑваш Ен), and is also spoken in Tatarstan and Bashkortostan.
The first Chuvash grammar was published in 1769. A number of dictionaries, translations of religious texts and folkloric texts were published during the 18th and early 19th centuries. Chuvash has been written with a Runic script, the Arabic alphabet, and the Cyrillic and Latin alphabets. The Cyrillic alphabet for Chuvash was first introduced in 1873 by Ivan Yakovlevich Yakovlev. Since then it has undergone a number of revisions, particularly in 1938. The Latin alphabet is sometimes used as well, though there is no standard, official version.
Chuvash numerals developed from the numeral system of the Old Turkish script and were used until the early 20th century. Since then Hindu-Arabic numerals (1, 2, 3) have been used.
Хĕвелĕн икĕ арăм: Ирхи Шуçăмпа Каçхи Шуçăм. Ир пулсан Хĕвел Ирхи Шуçăмран уйрăлса каять те яра кун тăршшĕпе Каçхи Шуçăм патнелле сулăнать. Çак икĕ мăшăрĕнчен унăн ачасем: Этем ятлă ывăл тата Сывлăм ятлă хĕр пур. Этемпе Сывлăм пĕррехинче Çĕр чăмăрĕ çинче тĕл пулнă та, пĕр-пĕрне юратса çемье чăмăртанă. Халь пурăнакан этемсем çав мăшăрăн тăхăмĕсем.
The Sun has two wives: Dawn and Afterglow. When it is morning, the Sun leaves Dawn and during the whole day (he) moves towards Afterglow. From these two spouses of his, he has children: a son named Etem (Human) and a daughter named Syvlăm (Dew). Etem and Syvlăm once met on the globe of the Earth, fell in love with each other and started a family. The humans who live today are the descendants of this couple.
Information about the Chuvash language
Altay, Äynu, Azerbaijani, Bashkir, Chagatai, Chelkan, Chulym, Chuvash, Crimean Tatar, Dolgan, Fuyu Kyrgyz, Gagauz, Ili Turki, Karachay-Balkar, Karaim, Karakalpak, Karamanli Turkish, Kazakh, Khakas, Khalaj, Khorasani Turkic, Krymchak, Kumandy, Kyrgyz, Nogai, Old Turkic, Qashqai, Salar, Shor, Siberian Tatar, Soyot, Tatar, Teleut, Tofa, Turkish, Turkmen, Tuvan, Urum, Uyghur, Uzbek, Western Yugur, Yakut (Sakha)
Abaza, Abkhaz, Adyghe, Aghul, Akhvakh, Akkala Sámi, Aleut, Altay, Alyutor, Andi, Archi, Assyrian / Neo-Assyrian, Avar, Azeri, Bagvalal, Balkar, Bashkir, Belarusian, Bezhta, Bosnian, Botlikh, Budukh, Bulgarian, Buryat, Chamalal, Chechen, Chelkan, Chukchi, Chulym, Chuvash, Crimean Tatar, Dargwa, Daur, Dolgan, Dungan, Enets, Erzya, Even, Evenki, Gagauz, Godoberi, Hinukh, Hunzib, Ingush, Interslavic, Itelmen, Juhuri, Kabardian, Kaitag, Kalderash Romani, Kalmyk, Karaim, Karakalpak, Karata, Karelian, Kazakh, Ket, Khakas, Khanty, Khinalug, Khorasani Turkic, Khwarshi, Kildin Sámi, Komi, Koryak, Krymchak, Kryts, Kubachi, Kumandy, Kumyk, Kurdish, Kyrgyz, Lak, Lezgi, Lingua Franca Nova, Ludic, Macedonian, Mansi, Mari, Moksha, Moldovan, Mongolian, Montenegrin, Nanai, Negidal, Nenets, Nganasan, Nivkh, Nogai, Old Church Slavonic, Oroch, Orok, Ossetian, Pontic Greek, Romanian, Rushani, Russian, Rusyn, Rutul, Selkup, Serbian, Shor, Shughni, Siberian Tatar, Sirenik, Slovio, Soyot, Tabassaran, Tajik, Talysh, Tat, Tatar, Teleut, Ter Sámi, Tindi, Tofa, Tsakhur, Tsez, Turkmen, Tuvan, Ubykh, Udege, Udi, Udmurt, Ukrainian, Ulch, Urum, Uyghur, Uzbek, Veps, Votic, Wakhi, West Polesian, Xibe, Yaghnobi, Yakut, Yazghulami, Yukaghir (Northern / Tundra), Yukaghir (Southern / Kolyma), Yupik (Central Siberian)
Page last modified: 18.12.22
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