Southern Yukaghir is a Yukaghir language spoken in the Far East region of the Russian Federation, particularly in the towns of Nelemnoje and Zyrjanka in Republic of Sakha (Yakutia), and in Srednekolymsk, Sejmtjan and Balygytjan in Kolyma county of the Magadan Oblast. In 2010 there were just 10 speakers of Southern Yukaghir, all of whom were over 40 years old. Younger people speak Russian.
Southern Yukaghir is also known as Forest Yukaghir, Kolyma Yukaghir, Jukagir, Kolym, Kolyma, Odul or Yukagi. It is related to Northern Yukaghir, but the two languages are not mutually intelligible.
A way to write Yukaghir languages with the Cyrillic alphabet was developed in the 1980s by Gavril Kurilov. It was based on the Russian and Yakut alphabets, and was accepted as the official Yukaghir orthography by the Yakut Ministry of Education in 1987. Southern Yukaghir has been taught in schools in Nelemnoje since the 1985. The first book in Yukaghir wasn a collection of folklore published in 1989 by Irina Nikolaeva. There is also a dictionary and grammar of the language.
Information about Southern Yukaghir
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Page last modified: 09.12.21
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