Ladakhi (ལ་དྭགས་སྐད་)

Ladakhi is a Tibetic language spoken mainly in the Leh district of Ladakh (ལ་དྭགས) in the state of Jammu and Kashmir in northern India. There are about 100,000 Ladakhi speakers in Ladakh, and another 12,000 or so mainly in Qiangtang in the Tibet Automomous Region of China.

Ladakhi, which is also known as Bhoti, has a number of dialects: Ladakhi or Lehskat, which is spoken in Leh; Shamskat, which is spoken to the northwest of Leh; Stotskat, which is spoken in parts of the Indus valley; and Nubra, which is spoken in the north of Ladakh.

Ladakhi is closely related to Tibetan, though is not mutually intelligible with it. Varieties of Ladakhi spoken in Upper Ladakh and Zangskar have many features from dialects of Central Tibetan, such as tones, which other Ladakhi dialects lack.

Ladakhi is usually written with the Tibetan script and pronounced in way that is close to Classical Tibetan: i.e. most letters that are silent in Standard Tibetan are pronounced in Ladakhi. Written Ladakhi is written either in a Ladakhified version of Classical Tibetan, or in colloquial Ladakhi. The former form is more common. When romanised, Ladakhi is written with a version of Wylie transliteration.

Ladakhi alphabet


Ladakhi consonants

Hear the Ladakhi consonants:


Vowel diacritics

Ladakhi vowels

Sample phrases in Ladakhi

འཇུ་ལེགས་ (Jule) = Hello; Thank you: Goodbye
(སྐུ་)ཁམས་བཟང་ཡིན་ན་ལེགས། ((sku) Khamzang ina le) = How are you?
ཉེ་རང་ག་རུ་སྐྱོད་ད (Nyerang karu skyod da?) = Where are you going?
ག་ནས་སྐྱོད་པ་ཡིན། (kane skyod spin?) = Where are you from?
ཅུ་ལི་མ་ཞིམ་པོ་རག (culi ma zhimbo rag) = The apricots are very good


Information about Ladakhi | Numbers | Tower of Babel


Information about Ladakhi

Bodish (Tibeto-Kanauri) languages

Amdo Tibetan, Choni, Dzongkha, Jirel, Kagate, Khams Tibetan, Khengkha, Ladakhi, Lhowa, Sherpa, Sikkimese, Tibetan, Tshangla

Languages written with the Tibetan alphabet

Amdo Tibetan, Balti, Bokar, Chocha Ngacha, Choni, Dzongkha (Bhutanese), Jirel, Khams Tibetan, Khengkha, Ladakhi, Sikkimese, Tibetan, Sherpa, Tamang, Tshangla

Page last modified: 16.01.24


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