Omniglot News (10/07/22)

Here’s the latest news from the world of Omniglot.

This week there are new language pages about:

  • Sayula Popoluca (yamay ajw), a Mixe language spoken in the southern Veracruz in southeastern Mexico.
  • Oluta Popoluca (Yaak’awü), a Mixe language spoken in the southern Veracruz in southeastern Mexico.
  • Dominican Creole (kwéyòl), a French-based creole spoken in the Dominican Republic.

New adapated scripts:

Qurditsuraya (ܩܘ̣ܪܕܝ̤ܬܣܘ̣ܪܝܝܐ) is a way to write the Kurdish languages with the Syriac script devised by Allison Powell. It looks something like this:

ܗܥ̣ܡܘ݄ ܡܝ̤ܖܘ̇ܘ݅ ܐܙܐܕ ܘ݄ ܕܝ̤ ܘܥ̣ܩܐܖ ܘ݄ ܡܐܦ݆ܐܢܢ ܕܥ̣ ܘܥ̣ܟܗܥ̣ܘ݅ ܬܥ݄ܢ ܕܝ̤ܢܝܐܝܥ݄܀ ܥ̣ܘ ܚܘܥ̣ܕܝ̣ ܗܝ̤ܫ ܘ݄ ܫܘ̣ܘ݄ܖ ܝ̤ܢ ܘ݄ ܕܝ̤ܘ݅ܥ݄ ܠܝ̤ ܗܥ̣ܡܒܥ̣ܖ ܗܥ̣ܘ݅ ܒܝ̤ ܙܝ̤ܗܢܝ̤ܝܥ̣ܬܥ̣ܟܥ̣ ܒܖܐܬܝ̤ܝܥ݄ ܒܝ̤ܠܝ̤ܘ݅ܝ̤ܢ܀

Jawacaraka (ꦗꦮꦕꦫꦏ) is a way to write Indonesian and Malay languages with the Javanese script devised by Allison Powell. It looks something like this:

ꦱꦼꦩꦸꦴ ꦎꦫꦁ ꦢꦶꦭꦲꦶꦂꦏꦤ꧀ ꦩꦼꦢꦺꦏ ꦢꦤ꧀ ꦩꦼꦩ꧀ꦥꦸꦚꦻ ꦩꦂꦠꦧꦠ꧀ ꦢꦤ꧀ ꦲꦏ꧀꧇꧒꧇ ꦪꦁ ꦱꦩ꧉ ꦩꦼꦫꦺꦏ ꦢꦶꦏꦫꦸꦤꦾꦻ ꦄꦏꦭ꧀ ꦢꦤ꧀ ꦲꦠꦶ ꦤꦸꦫꦤꦶ ꦢꦤ꧀ ꦲꦼꦤ꧀ꦢꦏ꧀ꦚ ꦧꦼꦂꦒꦻꦴꦭ꧀ ꦱꦠꦸ ꦱꦩ ꦭꦻꦤ꧀ ꦢꦭꦀ ꦱꦼꦩꦔꦠ꧀ ꦥꦼꦂꦱꦻꦴꦢꦴꦤ꧀꧉

Hocąk (һиоча̃к / һоча̃к) is an alternative way to write Ho-Chunk with the Cyrillic alphabet devised by Ruslan Safarov. It looks something like this:

Һиąҹиһиўíра ўąгереги шанąкере, рáш һашíнина ўакąčą́к ни̃гигирекҹенą. Һųгмą́ һашíнина һираиҹикҹаўина. Ўошгą́ һашíнина мąнéги ъųирекҹенą, ўąгереги ҹасге һинąкъи̃, жесге мąнéги һирекҹена. Һąп теé ўаисгабетúč һанíўира һокъųўиąҹе.

There are new numbers pages in:

  • Sayula Popoluca (yamay ajw), a Mixe language spoken in the southern Veracruz in southeastern Mexico.
  • Yonaguni (ドゥナンムヌイ), a Southern Ryukyuan language spoken on Yonaguni, one of the Ryūkyū islands in southern Japan.
  • Dominican Creole (kwéyòl), a French-based creole spoken in the Dominican Republic.

On the Omniglot blog this week we go Dahu Hunting, or in others words, we go on a wild goose chase after imaginary creatures such as the dahu and the wampahoofus, There’s also the usual Language Quiz. See if you can guess what language this is:

Here’s a clue: this language has it’s own alphabet, and is also written with several other alphabets.

The mystery language in last week’s language quiz was Alabama (Albaamo innaaɬiilka), an Eastern Muskogean language spoken on the Alabama-Coushatta Indian Reservation in the southeast of Texas, USA.

There are new Celtiadur posts are about words for Waterfalls, Ferns and Bracken and related things in Celtic languages.

In the Adventure in Etymology we’re playing with the word daff.

I posted a new song called Pannas Owen, which is in Welsh and is about the eternal search of Owen’s Parsnips. I was inspired to write it back in July 2021 when a Dutch friend sent me a load of interesting phrases from the Welsh course on Duolingo concerning Owen and parsnips. It took me a while to make a reasonable recording. It sounds a bit like this:

For more Omniglot News see:
https://www.omniglot.com/news/
https://twitter.com/Omniglossia
https://www.facebook.com/groups/omniglot/
https://www.facebook.com/Omniglot-100430558332117

You can also listen to this podcast on: Apple Podcasts, Amazon Music, Stitcher, TuneIn, Podchaser, PlayerFM or podtail.

If you would like to support this podcast, you can make a donation via PayPal or Patreon, or contribute to Omniglot in other ways.

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Adventures in Etymology – Daff

Today we’re playing with the word daff.

Daff

A Daff [dæf] is:

  • A fool, idiot or blockhead

It comes from the Middle English daf(fe) (fool, idiot), from the Old Norse daufr (deaf, stupid), from the Proto-Germanic *daubaz [ˈdɑu̯.βɑz] (stunned, deaf), from the PIE *dʰewbʰ- (hazy, unclear, dark, smoke, obscure) [source].

In northern dialects of English and in Scots, daff is a verb that means to be foolish, play, make sport or frolic. It comes from the same root as the noun daff, via the Middle English daffen (to render foolish) [source].

Words from the same PIE root include deaf and dumb in English; and words for black in Celtic languages, such as du [dɨː/diː] in Welsh, and dubh [d̪ˠʊvˠ/d̪ˠʊw/duh] in Irish and Scottish Gaelic [source].

Some words derived from daff include bedaff (to befool, make a fool of, confound), daffen (to make a daff, stun), daffish (stupid, silly), and daffy (somewhat mad or eccentric). Only the last one is much used these days. The others are obsolete or used only in some English dialects, and in Scots [source].

Daff is not related to daft (foolish, silly, stupid), which comes from the Middle English dafte/defte (gentle, humble, modest, awkward, dull), from the Old English dæfte (gentle, meek, mild), from the Proto-West Germanic *daftī (fitting, suitable), from the PIE *dʰh₂ebʰ- (fitting; to fit together) [source].

The English word deft comes from the same PIE root [source], as do words for good in Slavic languages, such as dobrý in Czech and Slovak, and добър [doˈbɤɾ] in Bulgarian [source].

Here’s a video I made of this information:

Video made with Doodly [afflilate link].

I also write about words, etymology and other language-related topics on the Omniglot Blog, and I explore etymological connections between Celtic languages on the Celtiadur.

You can also listen to this podcast on: Apple Podcasts, Amazon Music, Stitcher, TuneIn, Podchaser, PlayerFM or podtail.

If you would like to support this podcast, you can make a donation via PayPal or Patreon, or contribute to Omniglot in other ways.

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Omniglot News (03/07/22)

Here’s the latest news from the world of Omniglot.

This week there are new language pages about:

  • Lhowa (ॱलोवा), a Central Bodish language spoken in Gandaki Province in central Nepal
  • Yola (Yola Taalke), an Anglic language that was spoken in County Wexford in the southeast of Ireland until 1998, and which is currently being revived.
  • Munji (مونجى) – an Eastern Iranian language spoken in northeastern Afghanistan
  • Yidgha (یدغہ) – an Eastern Iranian language spoken in northern Pakistan

New adapated script:

Głagolicy (Ⰳⱉⰰⰳⱁⰾⰹⱌⱏ), a way to write Polish with the Glagolitic alphabet devised by Allison Powell. It looks like this:

Ⰲⱎⱏⱄⱌⱏ ⰾⱆⰼⰻⰵ ⱃⱁⰷⱘ ⱎⰻⱔ ⰲⱁⰾⱀⰻ ⰹ ⱃⱆⰲⱀⰻ ⰲ ⱄⰲⱁєⰺ ⰳⱁⰴⱀⱁⱎⰻⱍⰻ ⰹ ⱂⱃⰰⰲⰰⱈ. Ⱄⱘ ⱁⰱⰴⰰⰶⰵⱀⰹ ⱃⱁⰸⱆⰿⰵⰿ ⰹ ⱄⱆⰿⰻⰵⱀⰻⰵⰿ ⰹ ⱂⱁⰲⰹⱀⱀⰻ ⱂⱁⱄⱅⱔⱂⱁⰲⰰⱍⰻ ⰲⱁⰱⰵⱌ ⱎⰻⰵⰱⰻⰵ ⰲ ⰴⱆⱈⱆ ⰱⱃⰰⱅⰵⱃⱄⱅⰲⰰ.

There are also new numbers pages in:

  • Lun Bawang (Buri’ Lun Bawang), a North Bornean language spoken in Malaysia, Indonesia and Brunei.
  • Yola (Yola Taalke)
  • Ho (𑢹𑣉𑣉 𑣎𑣋𑣜 / hōō jagara), a Munda language spoken mainly in the Indian states of Jharkhand, Odisha and West Bengal.

There’s an Omniglot blog post about Pseudonyms and related words, a post entitled Distreetly Discrete, which is about keeping the words discrete and discreet discrete, and the usual Language Quiz. See if you can guess what language this is:

Here’s a clue: this language has the same name as a US state, although it is not spoken in that state.

The mystery language in last week’s language quiz was Pennsylvania Dutch / German (Pennsilfaanisch Deitsch), a variety of German spoken mainly in Pennsylvania, Ohio and Indiana in the USA, and in Ontario in Canada.

There are new Celtiadur posts are about words for Soft and Tender, Emptiness and related things in Celtic languages.

In the Adventure in Etymology we dive into the world of puffins.

For more Omniglot News see:
https://www.omniglot.com/news/
https://twitter.com/Omniglossia
https://www.facebook.com/groups/omniglot/
https://www.facebook.com/Omniglot-100430558332117

You can also listen to this podcast on: Apple Podcasts, Amazon Music, Stitcher, TuneIn, Podchaser, PlayerFM or podtail.

If you would like to support this podcast, you can make a donation via PayPal or Patreon, or contribute to Omniglot in other ways.

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Adventures in Etymology – Puffin

Today we’re exploring the origins of the word puffin.

Puffins

A puffin [ˈpʌfɪn] is:

  • Any of the various small seabirds of the genera Fratercula and Lunda that are black and white with a brightly-coloured beak, such as the Atlantic or common puffin (Fratercula arctica).

It comes from the Middle English poffon / poffin / puffon (puffin and other sea-birds of the family Alcidae), perhaps from puf(f), from the Old English pyf (a blast of wind) – of imitative origin. Or it possibly comes from Anglo-Norman or Cornish [source].

The word puffin first appeared in English in the 14th century, and originally referred to the cured meat of young Manx shearwaters (Puffinus puffinus), which were originally known as the Manks puffin. Atlantic puffins acquired the name puffin in the 19th century, possibly due to similar nesting habits [source].

In French the word puffin [py.fɛ̃] refers to the shearwater, and was borrowed from English [source]. A puffin is a perroquet de mer (“sea parrot”) or macareux in French – not to be confused with maquereau (mackerel) [source].

The Latin name from the puffin Fratercula, comes from Medieval Latin and means “friar” or “little brother”, from the Latin frater (brother, friend, lover, sibling) and is a reference to their black and white plumage, which apparently looks like a monk’s robes [source].

Puffins are also known as sea-parrots, popes, sea clowns, clowns of the sea, tomnoddies, tammie norries, little brothers of the north, and various other things. Young puffins are known as pufflings, puffins live in puffinries, and a group of puffins is a circus or colony (on land), a wheel (when flying) or a raft (on water).

In Iceland, where puffins are common, shops that sell souvenirs, many of which are puffin-themed, are known as “puffin shops”, or lundabúðir in Icelandic [source].

Here’s a video I made of this information:

Video made with Doodly [afflilate link].

Here’s a lovely little song about puffins written by Malinda Kathleen Reese in collaboration with her followers:

I also write about words, etymology and other language-related topics on the Omniglot Blog, and I explore etymological connections between Celtic languages on the Celtiadur.

You can also listen to this podcast on: Apple Podcasts, Amazon Music, Stitcher, TuneIn, Podchaser, PlayerFM or podtail.

If you would like to support this podcast, you can make a donation via PayPal or Patreon, or contribute to Omniglot in other ways.

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Omniglot News (26/06/22)

Here’s the latest news from the world of Omniglot.

This week there are new language pages about:

  • Mamaindê (Mamainsahai’gidu), a Nambikwaran language spoken in Mato Grosso State in western Brazil.
  • Bolyu (Pɔ₃₃lju₁₃), a Pankanic language spoken in Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region in southern China.

New constructed script
Jigul, a phonetic script that can be used to write any language, which was inspired by the Korean Hangeul alphabet.

Sample text in the Jigul alphabet

New adapated scripts
Inglisuraya (ܐ̤ܢ̇ܓܠܝ̣ܣܘ̣ܪܝܝܐ), a way to write English with the Syriac script devised by Allison Powell.

ܐ݅ܠ ܗܝܘ̣ܡܥ݄ܢ ܒܝ̣ܝ̤ܢ̇ܙ̈ ܐܪ ܒܐ݅ܪܢܢ ܦ݆ܪܝ̣ ܐ݆ܢܕ ܝ̣ܟܘܥ݄ܠ ܐ̤ܢܢ ܕܝ̤ܓܢܝ̤ܛܝ̣ ܐ݆ܢܕ ܪܥ̤ܛܣ̈܀ ܯܥ݆ ܐܪ ܐ̤ܢܕܐ݆ܘ݆ܕ ܘܝ̤ܯ ܪܝ̣ܙܥ݄ܢܐ݆ܢܕ ܟܐܢܫܥ݄ܢܣ ܐ݆ܢܕ ܫܘ݆ܕ ܐ݆ܟܛ ܛܥ݄ܘܐ݅ܪܕܙ ܘܥ݄ܢ ܐ݄ܢܥ݄ܯܥ݄ܪ ܐ̤ܢܢ ܐ݄ ܣܦܝ̤ܪܝ̤ܛ ܐ݄ܘ݅ ܒܪܥ݄ܯܥ݄ܪܗܘ݆ܕ܀

Arabo-Chinese, a way to write Chinese with the Arabic script created by Uriel Serna.

رٰن رٰن شٙڭ اٰر دزٖ تٰو، دزٖاي دزوٙن يٰان هٰه تسيوٰان ليٖ شٖاڭ يٰ ليوٖ پيٰڭ دٚڭ. تٙا مْن فوٖ يٚو ليٚ سيٖڭ هٰه ليٰاڭ سيٙن، بيٖڭ يٙڭ يٚ سيوٙڭ ديْ گوٙان سيٖ دْ دزيٙڭ شٰن هوٖ سيٙاڭ دوٖي دٖاي

There’s a new numbers page, a phrases page, and a translation of the Tower of Babel story in Sierra Leone Creole (Krio), an English-based creole spoken in Sierra Leone.

There are also new numbers pages in:

  • Ho-Chunk / Winnebago (Hoocąk), a Siouan language spoken in Wisconsin, Nebraska and Iowa in the USA.
  • Osage (𐓏𐒰𐓓𐒰𐓓𐒷 / Wažáže), a Siouan language spoken in Oklahoma in the USA.

There’s an Omniglot blog post called Mountain Wind, which is about the Japanese word 嵐 (arashi), which means storm, and is made up of the characters for mountain and wind; and another entitled Antidry, which is about the French word antisèche (lit. “antidry”, actually a cheat sheet), and the usual Language Quiz. See if you can guess what language this is:

Here’s a clue: speakers of this language live far from where their ancestors originated.

The mystery language in last week’s language quiz was Yonaguni (ドゥナンムヌイ / Dunan Munui), a Southern Ryukyuan language spoken on Yonaguni island in Okinawa Prefecture, Japan.

There’s a new Celtiadur post are about words for Crooked and related things in Celtic languages.

In the Adventure in Etymology we find out what links the word secret with words like crime, crisis, critic and hypocrisy.

I made improvements to the Osage language page, and made a separate page for the Osage script.

In other news, my current streak on Duolingo reached 1,800 days today, and I’m currently learning Danish, Dutch, Japanese, Scottish Gaelic, Spanish and Swedish there – just a few languages.

I'm on a 1800 day language learning streak on Duolingo

For more Omniglot News see:
https://www.omniglot.com/news/
https://twitter.com/Omniglossia
https://www.facebook.com/groups/omniglot/
https://www.facebook.com/Omniglot-100430558332117

You can also listen to this podcast on: Apple Podcasts, Amazon Music, Stitcher, TuneIn, Podchaser, PlayerFM or podtail.

If you would like to support this podcast, you can make a donation via PayPal or Patreon, or contribute to Omniglot in other ways.

The Fastest Way to Learn Korean with KoreanClass101

Adventures in Etymology – Secret

Today we’re exploring the origins of the word secret.

Secret

A secret [ˈsiːkɹɪt / ˈsiːkɹət] is:

  • A piece of knowledge that is hidden and intended to be kept hidden.
  • The key or principle by which something is made clear; the knack.
  • Something not understood or known.

It comes from the Middle English secrette (secret), from the Old French secret (secret), from the Latin sēcrētus (put apart, separated, severed), from sēcernō (to separate, set aside), from sē- (aside, by itself) and cernō (to see, discern), from the PIE *krey (to sift, separate, divide) [source].

English words from the same PIE root include: certain, concern, crime, crisis, critic, discreet and hypocrisy [source].

Words in other languages from the same PIE root include: crynu [ˈkrənɨ/ˈkrəni] (to tremble, shiver, shudder) in Welsh, κρίνω [ˈkɾi.no] (to judge, assess, decide) in Greek, cernere [ˈt͡ʃɛr.ne.re] to separate, distinguish, choose) in Italian, and kraj [kraj] (country, land, border) in Polish [source].

In Old English a secret was a dēagol [ˈdæ͜ɑː.ɣol], which also meant hidden, obscure or (poetically) dark, which became diȝel in Middle English. It comes from the Proto-West Germanic *daugul (hidden, secret) [source].

Here’s a video I made of this information:

Video made with Doodly [afflilate link].

I also write about words, etymology and other language-related topics on the Omniglot Blog, and I explore etymological connections between Celtic languages on the Celtiadur.

You can also listen to this podcast on: Apple Podcasts, Amazon Music, Stitcher, TuneIn, Podchaser, PlayerFM or podtail.

If you would like to support this podcast, you can make a donation via PayPal or Patreon, or contribute to Omniglot in other ways.

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Omniglot News (19/12/22)

Here’s the latest news from the world of Omniglot.

This week there are new language pages about:

  • Santiagueño Quechua (Arhintina runasimi), a Southern Quechua language spoken in northern Argentina.
  • Gawar, a Chadic language spoken in the Far North Region of Cameroon.
  • Wambule (वाम्बुले‎), a Kiranti language spoken in parts of eastern of Nepal.
  • Sabanê, a Nambikwaran language spoken in the state of Rondônia in western Brazil.

With these languages, the total number of language profiles on Omniglot is now 1,700!

There are a new numbers pages in:

  • Ho-Chunk / Winnebago (Hoocąk), a Siouan language spoken in Wisconsin, Nebraska and Iowa in the USA.
  • Potawatomi (Neshnabémwen), an Algonqian language spoken in Ontario in Canada, and in Michigan, Indiana, Wisconsin and Kansas in the USA.
  • Shawnee (Sawanwa), a Central Algonquian language spoken in Oklahoma in the USA.
  • Naskapi (ᓇᔅᑲᐱ‎), an Algonquian language spoken in the provinces of Quebec and Newfoundland and Labrador in Canada.

There’s an Omniglot blog post called Turning Oxen, which is about the writing direction known as boustrophedon, or literally “like the ox turns”, and the usual Language Quiz. See if you can guess what language this is:

Here’s a clue: this language belongs to a small language family that is spoken in a group of islands off the Asian mainland.

The mystery language in last week’s language quiz was Loma (Löömàgòòi), a Southwestern Mande language spoken in northern Liberia.

There are new Celtiadur posts are about words for Second and Other, and words for Lead (metal) and related things in Celtic languages.

In the Adventure in Etymology we find out how the word butter is connected to such words as buffalo, truffle and tyromancy.

I also made improvements to the Naskapi, Latvian and Ho-Chunk language pages, and created a separate page for the Hočąk Syllabary.

For more Omniglot News see:
https://www.omniglot.com/news/
https://twitter.com/Omniglossia
https://www.facebook.com/groups/omniglot/
https://www.facebook.com/Omniglot-100430558332117

You can also listen to this podcast on: Apple Podcasts, Amazon Music, Stitcher, TuneIn, Podchaser, PlayerFM or podtail.

If you would like to support this podcast, you can make a donation via PayPal or Patreon, or contribute to Omniglot in other ways.

The Fastest Way to Learn Korean with KoreanClass101

Aventure in Etymology – Butter

Today we’re looking into the origins of the word butter.

Butter

Butter [ˈbʌtə / ˈbʌɾɚ] is:

  • A soft, fatty foodstuff made by churning the cream of milk (generally cow’s milk)
  • Any of various foodstuffs made from other foods or oils, similar in consistency to, eaten like or intended as a substitute for butter, such as peanut butter

It comes from the Middle English buter [ˈbutər] (butter), or from the Old English butere [ˈbu.te.re] (butter), from the Proto-West-Germanic *buterā (butter), from the Latin būtȳrum [buːˈtyː.rum] (butter, butter-like chemicals), from the Ancient Greek βούτῡρον [bǔː.tyː.ron] (butter), from βοῦς [bûːs] (cow, ox, cattle, shield) and τυρός [tyː.rós] (cheese), so in Ancient Greek, butter was literally “cow cheese” [source].

The Ancient Greek word βοῦς [bûːs] (cow, ox) comes from the Proto-Hellenic *gʷous (cow, cattle), from the Proto-Indo-European *gʷṓws (cattle). English words from the same roots include beef, bovine, bucolic, buffalo, cow, boustrophedon (writing in lines alternating from left to right and right to left, or lit. “as the ox turns”) [source].

The word boustrophedon is discussed in this Omniglot blog post.

The Ancient Greek word τυρός [tyː.rós] (cheese) comes from the Proto-Hellenic *tūrós (cheese), from the Proto-Indo-European *tewh₂- (to swell). English words from the same roots include thumb, truffle, tuber, tumor and tyromancy (divination by studying the coagulation of cheese) [source].

Here’s a video I made of this information:

Video made with Doodly [afflilate link].

I also write about words, etymology and other language-related topics on the Omniglot Blog, and I explore etymological connections between Celtic languages on the Celtiadur.

You can also listen to this podcast on: Apple Podcasts, Amazon Music, Stitcher, TuneIn, Podchaser, PlayerFM or podtail.

If you would like to support this podcast, you can make a donation via PayPal or Patreon, or contribute to Omniglot in other ways.

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Omniglot News (12/06/22)

This week there are new language pages about:

  • Gawar Bati (گواربتی بݰہ), a Dardic language spoken in northeastern Afghanistan and northwestern Pakistan.
  • Huaylla Wanca Quechua (Wanka Nunashimi), a Central Quechua language spoken in central Peru.
  • Sakaizaya, an East Formosan language spoken in northeastern Taiwan.

There’s a new constructed script called Arwo Wanco, which is based on arrow shapes and was created by Nikolaj Østermark Hansen to write a fictional language called Wessaic that he also created.

Arwo Wanco

There’s a new adapated script called Armerican (Ա·րմէրի՛կե՛ն), which is a way to write indigenous American languages such as Choctaw, Halkomelem and Inuktitut with the Armenian alphabet devised by Marc Harder.

Sample text in Inuktitut in Armerican
Ինւլւկտա՜տ ինւ՜լիսա՜ն՜·ւղպւտ նան·մինի՜րւն·նասիմաղաղռւտիկ այ՜իգի՜ն·միգլւ իլիտարիյաւյ՜ւտսիաղաղռւտիգլւ պիյւն·նաւտիտաւղաղռւտիկ․ Իսւմակսաղսիւրւն·նատսիարնիրմիկ ինւ՜տսիարւտիգիյարլւ պիլիղտւն·աւտ՜ւտ, ասիան՜·ւրնւլ՜ւ իլիւրնիրվիղատիգի՜տ՜արւկսարիաղարալւաղպւտ ղատան՜·ւտիգի՜ղ՜ատիգի՜տ՜ւտ անիրնիղսա՜րնի․

There are a new numbers pages in: Egyptian Arabic (مصرى), and Ayacucho Quechua (Chanka runasimi), a Southern Quechua language spoken in southern Peru.

There’s an Omniglot blog post called Short On, which is about some differences between British and American English, and related words in Japanese, and the usual Language Quiz. See if you can guess what language this is:

Here’s a clue: some uncommon letters and lots of accents are used when writing this language.

The mystery language in last week’s language quiz was Skolt Sámi (sääʹmǩiõll), an Eastern Sámi language spoken mainly in northern Finland, and in northwestern Russia.

There’s a new Celtiadur post are about words for Copper and related things in Celtic languages.

In the Adventure in Etymology we’re looking into the origins of the word roof.

I made some improvements to the Kutchi language page as well.

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Adventures in Etymology – Roof

Today we’re exploring the origins of the word roof.

Castell Penrhyn Castle

A roof [ɹuːf / ɹʊf] is:

  • the cover of a building
  • material used for a roof
  • the highest point
  • an upper limit
  • the vaulted upper boundary of the mouth

It comes from the Middle English rof [roːf] (roof, house, top of the mouth), or from the Old English hrōf [xroːf] (roof, the sky or heavens), from the Proto-Germanic *hrōfą (roof), from the Proto-Indo-European *krāpo- (roof), from *krāwə- (to cover, heap) [source].

Words from the same roots include: roef [ruf] (a cabin on a boat) in Dutch, ruf (deckhouse, doghouse) in Danish, rouf [ʁuf] (deckhouse) in French, strop (ceiling) in Croatian, Czech, Polish, Serbian and Slovenian, and the old Russian word строп [strop] (roof, attic, loft) [source].

Incidentally, the Dutch word roef is only used to refer to a cabin on a river boat. A cabin on a big ship is a kajuit the origins of which are uncertain. It possibly comes from the Old French cabane (cabin, hut, shack, shed) and hutte (hut) [source].

Here’s a video I made of this information:

Video made with Doodly [afflilate link].

I also write about words, etymology and other language-related topics on the Omniglot Blog, and I explore etymological connections between Celtic languages on the Celtiadur.

You can also listen to this podcast on: Apple Podcasts, Amazon Music, Stitcher, TuneIn, Podchaser, PlayerFM or podtail.

If you would like to support this podcast, you can make a donation via PayPal or Patreon, or contribute to Omniglot in other ways.

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