Celtic Pathways – Barnacle Geese

In this episode we discover the Celtic roots of words like barnacle.

Barnacles

The Proto-Celtic word *barinākos means barnacle or limpet It comes from the Proto-Celtic *barinā (rocky ground), and *-ākos (involved with, belonging to) [source].

Related words in the modern Celtic languages include:

  • bairneach [ˈbˠɑːɾˠn̠ʲəx] = limpet in Irish
  • bàirneach [baːr̪ˠn̪ʲəx] = barnacle or limpet in Scottish Gaelic
  • ba(a)rnagh = barnacle in Manx
  • brennigen = limpet in Welsh
  • brenigen = limpet in Cornish
  • brennigenn = barnacle or limpet in Breton

Words from the same Proto-Celtic roots include bernache (barnacle) in French, barnacle in English, and barnacla (brent/brant goose) in Spanish [source].

The French word bernache was borrowed from Medieval Latin barnēca (limpet), from Gaulish *barinākā. The English word barnacle arrived via Middle English barnakille, and Old Northern French bernaque (barnacle), and the Spanish word barnacla was borrowed from English.

More about words for Barnacles & Limpets and related things in Celtic languages.

You can find more connections between Celtic languages on the Celtiadur blog. I also write about words, etymology and other language-related topics on the Omniglot Blog.

Radio Omniglot podcasts are brought to you in association with Blubrry Podcast Hosting, a great place to host your podcasts. Get your first month free with the promo code omniglot.

The Fastest Way to Learn Japanese Guaranteed with JapanesePod101.com

Omniglot News (31/12/23)

Omniglot News

Here’s the latest news from the world of Omniglot.

There are new language pages about:

  • Choni (ཅོ་ནེ་), a Tibetic language spoken Gannan Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture in the southeast of Gansu Province in western China.
  • Kenswei Nsei (Kənswey Nsey), a South Ring Grassfields language spoken in the North West Region of Cameroon.
  • Vendo (gháŋ vəŋóo), a South Ring Grassfields language spoken in the North West Region of Cameroon.

New phrases page: Oshiwambo, a Bantu language spoken in parts of Namibia and Angola.

New numbers pages:

  • Oshiwambo, a Bantu language spoken in parts of Namibia and Angola.
  • Adele (Gɩdɩrɛ), a Kwa language spoken in central Togo and southeastern Ghana.
  • Proto-Uralic, the reconstructed ancestor of the Uralic languages.

There’s a new Omniglot blog post about the word Lax, and there’s the usual Language Quiz, which features the phrase ‘Happy New Year’ in several different languages. See if you can guess what the languages are:

Here’s a clue: these recordings all come from Omniglot

The mystery language in last week’s language quiz was Udege (Удиэ), a Tungusic language spoken in the Far Eastern Federal District of Russia.

This week’s Adventure in Etymology looks at the meaning and origins of the word Lagniappe (an extra or unexpected gift or benefit).

On the Celtiadur blog there’s a new post entitled Justly Right, about words for just and right and related things.

Blwyddyn newydd dda / Gelukkig Nieuwjaar / Onnellista uutta vuotta / Athbhliain faoi mhaise duit / Gott nytt år / Happy New Year in many other languages!

For more Omniglot News, see:
https://www.omniglot.com/news/
https://twitter.com/Omniglossia
https://www.facebook.com/groups/omniglot/
https://www.facebook.com/Omniglot-100430558332117

You can also listen to this podcast on: Apple Podcasts, Amazon Music, Stitcher, TuneIn, Podchaser, PlayerFM or podtail.

If you would like to support this podcast, you can make a donation via PayPal or Patreon, or contribute to Omniglot in other ways.

Radio Omniglot podcasts are brought to you in association with Blubrry Podcast Hosting, a great place to host your podcasts. Get your first month free with the promo code omniglot.

JapanesePod101.com

Omnigot News (24/12/23)

Omniglot News

Here’s the latest news from the world of Omniglot.

There are new language pages about:

  • North Teke (Latege), a Bantu language spoken mainly in the southeast of Gabon, and also in the east of The Republic of the Congo.
  • Benga, a Bantu language spoken in southwestern Equatorial Guinea and northwestern Gabon.
  • Bamunka (Ŋgieməkɔʼkə), a Central Ring Grassfields language spoken mainly in the North West Region of Cameroon.

New numerals page: Kaktovik (Iñupiaq) numerals, a numerical system for Iñupiaq created in the early 1990s by middle school students in Kaktovik, Alaska, guided by their teacher.

New numbers page: Sikkimese (འབྲས་ལྗོངས་སྐད་), a Southern Tibetic language spoken in Sikkim in northeastern India, and in eastern Nepal.

There’s a new Omniglot blog post about Decals, and there’s the usual Language Quiz. See if you can guess what language this is:

Here’s a clue: this language is spoken in the Far Eastern Federal District of Russia.

The mystery language in last week’s language quiz was Benga (bɛŋga), a Bantu language spoken in Equatorial Guinea and Gabon.

The recording comes from YouTube

In this week’s Celtic Pathways podcast, entitled Badgered Brochures, we discover the possible Celtic origins of words like brochure and brooch and find a link to badgers.

On the Celtiadur blog there’s a new post about words for Worms & Maggots, and I made improvements to the post about words for Old and related things.

I also made improvements to the Ojibwe phrases page.

🎅 Merry (Multilingual) Christmas 🎄 to all who celebrate it! ☃️

For more Omniglot News, see:
https://www.omniglot.com/news/
https://twitter.com/Omniglossia
https://www.facebook.com/groups/omniglot/
https://www.facebook.com/Omniglot-100430558332117

You can also listen to this podcast on: Apple Podcasts, Amazon Music, Stitcher, TuneIn, Podchaser, PlayerFM or podtail.

If you would like to support this podcast, you can make a donation via PayPal or Patreon, or contribute to Omniglot in other ways.

Radio Omniglot podcasts are brought to you in association with Blubrry Podcast Hosting, a great place to host your podcasts. Get your first month free with the promo code omniglot.

JapanesePod101.com

Celtic Pathways – Badgered Brochures

In this episode, we unfold the possible Celtic roots of the word brochure, and find out what it has to do with badgers.

Rotten Bran

The word brochure comes from French brochure (brocade, needlework, brochure, booklet), from brocher (to stitch, sew, brocade), from Old French brochier (to jab, prod), from broche (brooch, pin), from Vulgar Latin brocca, from broccus (pointed, sharp), possibly from Gaulish *brokkos (badger), from Proto-Celtic *brokkos (badger) [source].

Related words in the modern Celtic languages include:

  • broc [bˠɾˠɔk] = badger, or a dirty-faced or a short thick-set person in Irish
  • broc [brɔxg] = badger, or a grumpy/surly person in Scottish Gaelic
  • broc(k) = badger in Manx
  • broch [broːχ] = badger in Welsh
  • brogh [bɹoːx] = badger in Cornish
  • broc’h [ˈbʁoːx] = badger in Breton

Words from the same Proto-Celtic root include brooch and brock (male badger – northern English dialects) in English, brock (badger) in Scots, broche (brooch, spit, spike, peg, pin) in French, brocco (thorn, stick) in Italian, and broco (having long projecting horns; bad-tempered) in Galician [source].

More about words for Badgers and related things in Celtic languages.

Here’s a little tune I wrote a few years ago called The Unexpected Badger / Y Mochyn Daear Annisgwyl, inspired by an encounter with a badger in Glencolmcille in Donegal in the northwest of Ireland:

You can find more connections between Celtic languages on the Celtiadur blog. I also write about words, etymology and other language-related topics on the Omniglot Blog.

Radio Omniglot podcasts are brought to you in association with Blubrry Podcast Hosting, a great place to host your podcasts. Get your first month free with the promo code omniglot.

The Fastest Way to Learn Japanese Guaranteed with JapanesePod101.com

Omniglot News (17/12/23)

Omniglot News

Here’s the latest news from the world of Omniglot.

There are new language pages about:

  • Oku (əblam əbkwo), a Central Ring Grassfields language spoken in the Bui Division of the North West Region of Cameroon.
  • Mmen (Mə̂nə̀), a Central Ring Grassfields language spoken in the Menchum Division of the Northwest Region of Cameroon.

New adapted script: Elifbaja Arabo-Shqip (ئەلیفبایا ئارابوَ-شچیپ), a way to write Albanian with the Arabic script devised by A. Elbrens.

ەَ جیثەَ نْەرەَزیت لیندین تەَ لیرەَ ذە تەَ بارابارتەَ نەَ دینْیتەَت ذە نەَ تەَ درەیتا. ئاتا کانەَ ئارسوٌە ذە ندەَرجەجە ذە دوُهەت تەَ سیللەن ندای نْەَری تیەتریت مە فروٌمەَ وەللازەَریمی.

New adapted script: Surat Tana, a way to write Indonesian and Malay with the Maldivian Thaana script devised by Xavier Merica.

ސެމުއަ އޮރަޱް ޑިލަހިރްކަން މެރްޑެކަ ޑަން މެމްޕުޏައި މަރްޓަބަޓް ޑަން ހަކް-ހަކް ޔަޱް ސަމަ. މެރެކަ ޑިކަރުނިއައި އަކަލް ޑަން ހަޓި ނުރަނި ޑަން ހެންޑަކްޏަ ބެރްގައުލް ސަޓު ސަމަ ލައިމް ޑަލަމް ސެމަޱަޓް ޕެރްސައުޑަރައަން.



New phrases page: Wayuu (Wayuunaiki), an Arawakan language spoken in northwestern Venezuela and northeastern Colombia.

New numbers page: Mmen (Mə̂nə̀), a Central Ring Grassfields language spoken in the Menchum Division of the Northwest Region of Cameroon.

There’s a new Omniglot blog post about the word Goosnargh, which is a village in Lancashire in the northwest of England, and has other meanings, and there’s the usual Language Quiz. See if you can guess what language this is:

Here’s a clue: this language is spoken in Equatorial Guinea and Gabon.

The mystery language in last week’s language quiz was Naskapi (ᓇᔅᑲᐱ‎), a Cree-Montagnais language spoken in northern Quebec, Newfoundland and Labrador in Canada.

In this week’s Adventure in Etymology we’re examining the origins of the word Virus, because I seem to have picked up a bit of coronavirus 😷 this week, or possibly last week. I’m feeling better now, at the time of writing this, but not completely yet.

On the Celtiadur blog there’s a new post about words for Pickaxe and related things in Celtic languages.

For more Omniglot News see:
https://www.omniglot.com/news/
https://twitter.com/Omniglossia
https://www.facebook.com/groups/omniglot/
https://www.facebook.com/Omniglot-100430558332117

You can also listen to this podcast on: Apple Podcasts, Amazon Music, Stitcher, TuneIn, Podchaser, PlayerFM or podtail.

If you would like to support this podcast, you can make a donation via PayPal or Patreon, or contribute to Omniglot in other ways.

Radio Omniglot podcasts are brought to you in association with Blubrry Podcast Hosting, a great place to host your podcasts. Get your first month free with the promo code omniglot.

JapanesePod101.com

Omniglot News (10/12/23)

There are new language pages about:

  • Yanomamö (Yąnomamɨ), a Yanomam language spoken in southern Venezuela and northwestern Brazil.
  • Bafanji (Chufie’), a Southern Bantoid language spoken in the Northwest Region of Cameroon.
  • Medumba (Mə̀dʉ̂mbɑ̀), a Southern Bantoid language spoken in the West Region of Cameroon.
  • Yasa (Iyasa), a Bantu language spoken mainly along the coasts of Cameroon and Equatorial Guinea.

New adapted script: Mongŭlgariya, a way to write Bulgarian with the traditional Mongolian script devised by Xavier Merica.

ᠸᠰᠢᠴᠺᠢ ᡥᠣᠷᠠ ᠰᡄ ᠭᠠᡷᠳᠠᡐ ᠰᠸᠣᠪᠣᠳᠨᠢ ᠢ ᠷᠠᠸᠨᠢ ᠫᠣ ᠳᠣᠰᡐᠣᠶᠨᠰᡐᠸᠣ ᠢ ᠫᠷᠠᠸᠠ᠃ ᡐᡄ ᠰᠠ ᠨᠠᠳᠠᠷᡄᠨᠢ ᠰ ᠷᠠᠽᡇᠮ ᠢ ᠰᡠᠸᡄᠰᡐ ᠢ ᠰᠯᡄᠳᠸᠠ ᠳᠠ ᠰᡄ ᠣᡐᠨᠠᠰᠶᠠᡐ ᠫᠣᠮᡄᡷᠳᡇ ᠰᠢ ᠸ ᠳᡇᡥ ᠨᠠ ᠪᠷᠠᡐᠰᡐᠸᠣ᠃ title=

New numbers pages:

  • Bafanji (Chufie’), a Southern Bantoid language spoken in mainly in northwest Cameroon.
  • Coeur d’Alene (Snchitsu’umshtsn), a Salishan language spoken on the Coeur d’Alene Reservation in the north of Idaho in the USA.

New Tower of Babel translation: Yanomamö

There’s a new Omniglot blog post entitled Shopping for Grasshoppers about the origins of the word grass (informer), and there’s the usual Language Quiz. See if you can guess what language this is:

Here’s a clue: this language is spoken in Canada.

The mystery language in last week’s language quiz was Taiwanese (臺語 / Tâi-gí), a variety of Mǐn Nán (Southern Min – a Sinitic language) spoken in Taiwan.

In this week’s episode of the Celtic Pathways podcast, entitled Rotten Bran, we discover the rotten Celtic roots of the English word bran, and related words in other languages.

On the Celtiadur blog there’s a post about words for Axes and Hatchets and related things in Celtic languages.

Improved pages: Adaizan numbers page, and Sango and West Jutlandic phrases pages.

For more Omniglot News see:
https://www.omniglot.com/news/
https://twitter.com/Omniglossia
https://www.facebook.com/groups/omniglot/
https://www.facebook.com/Omniglot-100430558332117

You can also listen to this podcast on: Apple Podcasts, Amazon Music, Stitcher, TuneIn, Podchaser, PlayerFM or podtail.

If you would like to support this podcast, you can make a donation via PayPal or Patreon, or contribute to Omniglot in other ways.

Radio Omniglot podcasts are brought to you in association with Blubrry Podcast Hosting, a great place to host your podcasts. Get your first month free with the promo code omniglot.

The Fastest Way to Learn Korean with KoreanClass101

Celtic Pathways – Rotten Bran

In this episode we discover the rotten Celtic roots of the English word bran, the Galician word braña (meadow, bog), and related words in other languages.

Rotten Bran

The Proto-Celtic word *bragnos means rotten. It comes from the PIE *bʰreHg- (to smell, have a strong odour) [source].

Descendents in the modern Celtic languages include:

  • bréan [bʲɾʲiːa̯nˠ] = foul, putrid, rotten or to pollute in Irish
  • breun [brʲeːn] = foetid, putrid, disgusting or filthy in Scottish Gaelic
  • breinn = foetid, loathsome, nasty or offensive in Manx
  • braen [braːɨ̯n] = rotten, putrid, corrupt or mouldy in Welsh
  • breyn = putrid or rotten in Cornish
  • brein [ˈbrɛ̃jn] = rotten or uncultivated in Breton

Words from the same Proto-Celtic root, via the Gaulish brennos (rotten) and the Latin *brennos, include bran in English, berner (to trick, fool, hoodwink) in French [source].

The Asturian word braña (pasture, meadowland), and Galician word braña (mire, bog, marsh, moorland) possibly also come from the same Proto-Celtic root [source].

Words from the same PIE root include flair, fragrant, and bray in English, and брага [ˈbraɡə] (home brew) in Russian [source].

More about words for Rotten and related things in Celtic languages.

You can find more connections between Celtic languages on the Celtiadur blog. I also write about words, etymology and other language-related topics on the Omniglot Blog.

Radio Omniglot podcasts are brought to you in association with Blubrry Podcast Hosting, a great place to host your podcasts. Get your first month free with the promo code omniglot.

The Fastest Way to Learn Japanese Guaranteed with JapanesePod101.com

Omniglot News (03/12/23)

Omniglot News

Here’s the latest news from the world of Omniglot.

There are new language pages about:

  • Tanga (Batanga), a Bantu language spoken in western Equatorial Guinea and western Cameroon.
  • Kili (кили), a Tungusic language spoken in the southeast of the Russian Federation, and in northeastern China

New fictional scripts: Final Fantasy scripts – the scripts that appear in the Final Fantasy X games (Al Bhed, Spiran and Yevon)

Sample letters in the Yevon script

New adapted script: Ellinovalkanikó Kyrillikó Alfávito (Greek Balkan Cyrillic Alphabet), a way to write Greek with the Cyrillic alphabet devised by Xavier Merica.

О́лоі і а́нђръпоі гэнніои́нтаі элэи́ђэроі хаі і́соі стьн аціопрэ́пэіа хаі та діхаіъ́мата. Эі́наі проіхісмэ́ноі мэ логіхь́ хаі синэі́дьсь, хаі офэі́лоин на симпэріфэ́ронтаі мэтаци́ тоис мэ пнэи́ма адэлфоси́ньс.

New adapted script: Diacritical English, a compact way to write English mainly with the Cyillic alphabet with added diacritics invented by Ava Robbins-Kräg.

л̭̀ х̄м̂н б́̌ŋс р̭́ б̃рн фр́́ н̭д к̗ы̄̂л н̬ д̌гн̌т̌ н̭д р̌гхтс. ð́̌ р̭́ н̗д̃ы́д ы̌ð р́̂с̃н н̭д к̃нс̌́нс́ н̭д ш̃̄лд к̭т т̃ы̂рдс н̰́ н̭̃ð́р н̬ а сп̌р̌т ф̰ бр̃ð́рх̃̃д.

New Tower of Babel translation: Aringa, a Central Sudanic language spoken in the northwest of Uganda.

There’s a new Omniglot blog post entitled Titles about titles like Ms, Mx, and there’s the usual Language Quiz. See if you can guess what language this is:

Here’s a clue: this is a Sinitic language.

The mystery language in last week’s language quiz was Ingrian (Ižoran keeli), a Finnic language spoken in the Leningrad Oblast in the northwest of the Russia Federation.

In this week’s Adventure in Etymology, entitled Finger, we find out what the words finger, fist and Pompeii have in common.

On the Celtiadur blog there’s a new post called Weak and Feeble about words for weak, feeble and related things.

Improved pages: Fang, Toda, Tindi, Tiriyó language pages.

For more Omniglot News see:
https://www.omniglot.com/news/
https://twitter.com/Omniglossia
https://www.facebook.com/groups/omniglot/
https://www.facebook.com/Omniglot-100430558332117

You can also listen to this podcast on: Apple Podcasts, Amazon Music, Stitcher, TuneIn, Podchaser, PlayerFM or podtail.

If you would like to support this podcast, you can make a donation via PayPal or Patreon, or contribute to Omniglot in other ways.

Radio Omniglot podcasts are brought to you in association with Blubrry Podcast Hosting, a great place to host your podcasts. Get your first month free with the promo code omniglot.

The Fastest Way to Learn Korean with KoreanClass101

Omniglot News (26/11/23)

Omniglot News

Here’s the latest news from the world of Omniglot.

There are new language pages about:

  • Hakha (Laiholh), a Kuki-Chin language spoken mainly in Chin State in western Myanmar.
  • Falam (Lai ṭong), a Kuki-Chin language spoken mainly in Chin State in western Myanmar, and also in Mizoram State in the northeast of India.
  • Zotung (Zo), a Kuki-Chin language spoken mainly in Chin State in western Myanmar.

New adapted script: Eestilitsa, a way to write Estonian (eesti keel) with the Cyrillic alphabet created by Wojciech Grala.

Кұикь инемисе’ сүннүсе’ авво ја ъигуиси пӧлъст үтесугумаидсис. Нәиле ом аннът мудсу ја сүәметуннистус ја нә пиәт үтсьтъ̈съга’ веле мӱду ләби кәүмә.

New adapted script: Võrolitsa, a way to write Võro (võro kiilʼ) with the Cyrillic alphabet created by Wojciech Grala.

Кұикь инемисе’ сүннүсе’ авво ја ъигуиси пӧлъст үтесугумаидсис. Нәиле ом аннът мудсу ја сүәметуннистус ја нә пиәт үтсьтъ̈съга’ веле мӱду ләби кәүмә.

New numbers pages:

  • Hakha (Laiholh), a Kuki-Chin language spoken mainly in Chin State in western Myanmar.
  • Chang (Changyanguh), a Brahmaputran language spoken in Nagaland in the northeast of India.
  • Salish (Séliš), a Salishian language spoken in parts of Montana and Washington State in the USA.
  • Chavchuven, a dialect of Koryak spoken in the west and north of the Kamchatka peninsula in the Russian Far East region.

New Tower of Babel translations: Hakha, Falam, Khumi, Ngawn and Zotung, which are all Kuki-Chin languages spoken mainly in Chin State in western Myanmar.

New articles: Unlocking the Mind and World: The Bountiful Benefits of Bilingualism and The Cardiganshire “Goidelic” numerals and Cantre’r Gwaelod, are they connected?

There’s a new Omniglot blog post entitled Saturn’s Bathing Day about words for Saturday in English and other languages, and there’s the usual Language Quiz. See if you can guess what language this is:

Here’s a clue: this language is spoken in the northwest of Russia.

The mystery language in last week’s language quiz was Gilaki (گیلکی), an Iranian language spoken in northwestern Iran.

In this week’s Celtic Pathways podcast, entitled Whisk(e)y and Biscuits, we find out what links whisk(e)y with biscuits, a town in central France and a Celtic deity of hot springs.

On the Celtiadur blog there’s a new post called Flowing Slowly about words for slow and related things, and I made improvements to the posts entitled Life and Food

For more Omniglot News see:
https://www.omniglot.com/news/
https://twitter.com/Omniglossia
https://www.facebook.com/groups/omniglot/
https://www.facebook.com/Omniglot-100430558332117

You can also listen to this podcast on: Apple Podcasts, Amazon Music, Stitcher, TuneIn, Podchaser, PlayerFM or podtail.

If you would like to support this podcast, you can make a donation via PayPal or Patreon, or contribute to Omniglot in other ways.

Radio Omniglot podcasts are brought to you in association with Blubrry Podcast Hosting, a great place to host your podcasts. Get your first month free with the promo code omniglot.

The Fastest Way to Learn Korean with KoreanClass101

Celtic Pathways – Whisk(e)y and Biscuits

In this episode we’re gazing into the origins of the words whisk(e)y and bourbon, both of which have Celtic roots.

Whisky

Whisk(e)y is a liquor distilled from the fermented mash of grain (such as barley, rye or corn). It’s typically written with an e in Scotland, Canada and Australia, and without an e in Ireland, England and the USA. This distinction emerged in the 19th century.

It was borrowed from the Irish uisce beatha [ˈɪʃcə ˈbʲahə]) and/or the Scottish Gaelic uisge-beatha [ˈɯʃkʲə ˈbɛhə], both of which mean “water of life” and which are calques of the Latin aqua vitae (“water of life”) [source].

The spelling and pronounciation of this word in English has varied over time: uskebeaghe (1581), usquebaugh (1610), usquebath (1621), and usquebae (1715). These were abbreviated to usque, which became whisk(e)y, which first appeared in writing in 1715 [source].

Related words in the modern Celtic languages include:

  • uisce [ˈɪʃk̟ɪ] = water, rain, tears, saliva and in Irish
  • uisge [ɯʃgʲə] = water, rain in Scottish Gaelic
  • ushtey [ˈuʃtʲə] = water in Manx
  • beatha [ˈbʲahə] = life, living, sustenance in Irish
  • beatha [bɛhə] = life, existence, food in Scottish Gaelic
  • bea = animation, life, lifespan in Manx
  • bywyd [ˈbəu̯ɨ̞d/ˈbou̯ɪd] = life, existence; liveliness in Welsh
  • bewnans [‘bɛʊnans] = life, living in Cornish Gaelic
  • buhez [ˈbyːe(z)] = life in Breton

More about words for water and life in Celtic languages.

Forteresse médiévale
Bourbon l’Archambault

The word bourbon refers to a type of whiskey, named after Bourbon County in Kentucky, and/or Bourbon Street in New Orleans. Both names come from the French House of Bourbon, which is named after the lordship of Bourbon l’Archambault, which is now a town in the Allier department in Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes region in central France [source].

Untitled
Bourbon biscuits

In the UK a Bourbon (biscuit) is a sandwich biscuit consisting of two thin rectangular dark chocolate-flavoured biscuits with a chocolate buttercream filling. The name also comes from the French House of Bourbon. According to a 2009 survey, it’s the fifth most popular biscuit in the UK for dunking in tea [source].

The French name Bourbon comes from Borvo, the name of a Celtic deity associated with hot springs, from Proto-Celtic *borvo (froth, foam), from Proto-Indo-European *bʰrewh₁- (to be hot, boil).

Words from the same PIE root include bruth (heat, rash, eruption) in Irish, bruth (heat, fire) in Scottish Gaelic, brooan (rash, eruption) in Manx, brwd (eager, keen, passionate) in Welsh, broud (ember, excitement) in Breton [more details of these words], and also bread, brew, broth, burn and fervor in English [source].

You can find more connections between Celtic and other languages on the Celtiadur blog. I also write about words, etymology and other language-related topics on the Omniglot Blog.

Radio Omniglot podcasts are brought to you in association with Blubrry Podcast Hosting, a great place to host your podcasts. Get your first month free with the promo code omniglot.

The Fastest Way to Learn Japanese Guaranteed with JapanesePod101.com