Tirhuta Tirhuta (tirahutā)

The Tirhuta alphabet developed from the Gauḍī or Proto-Bengali script during the 13th century AD. It was used to write Sanskrit at first, and from the 14th century it was also used to write Maithili, a Bihari language spoken in northeastern Indian in southern Nepal.

Tirhuta is also known as the Mithilakshar or Maithili script. The name Tirhuta comes from Tirhut or Turabhukti, and means 'land of river banks'. It refers to the Maithili-speaking part of Bihar north of the Ganges river.

Maithili is now written with the Devanagari alphabet, however some traditional pundits still use the Tirhuta script for certain documents such as genealogical records, religious and literary texts, and personal letters. It is used on signs in parts of northern Bihar, as can be used in the civil service examination in Bihar.

Notable features

Tirhuta alphabet

Tirhuta alphabet (Mithilākṣar / Tirăhutā)

Download an alphabet chart for Tirhuta

Sample text

Sample text in Maithili in the Tirhuta alphabet

Transliteration

Sabh mānav janmataḥ svatantra achi tathā garimā ā, adhikārame samān achi. Sabhakeṃ apan - apan buddhi ā, vivek chaik āor sabhakeṃ ek dosarāk prati auhārdapūrṇa vyavahār karabāk cāhī.

Translation

All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.
(Article 1 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights)

Details provided by Biswajit Mandal (biswajitmandal[dot]bm90[at]gmail[dot]com) and Michael Peter Füstumum

Links

Information about Tirhuta
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tirhuta_script
http://www.emithilahaat.com/blog/tirhuta-maithili-script/
https://www.endangeredalphabets.net/alphabets/tirhuta-mithilakshar/
https://mithilakshar.wordpress.com/

Some of the writing systems used to write Sanskrit

Bhaiksuki, Brāhmi, Devanāgari, Galik, Grantha, Gupta, Kadamba, Kharosthi, Nandinagari, Sharda, Siddham, Thai, Tibetan

Syllabic alphabets / abugidas

Ahom, Aima, Badaga, Balinese, Balti-A, Balti-B, Batak, Baybayin (Tagalog), Bengali, Bhaiksuki, Bilang-bilang, Bima, Blackfoot, Brahmi, Buhid, Burmese, Carrier, Chakma, Cham, Cree, Dehong Dai, Devanagari, Dham Lipi, Ditema, Dives Akuru, Dogra, Ethiopic, Evēla Akuru, Fraser, Gond, Goykanadi, Grantha, Gujarati, Gunjala Gondi, Gupta, Gurmukhi, Hanifi, Hanuno'o, Ibalnan, Inuktitut, Javanese, Jenticha, Kaithi, Kadamba, Kannada, Kawi, Kerinci, Kharosthi, Khema, Khe Phri, Khmer, Khojki, Khudabadi, Kirat Rai, Kulitan, Lampung, Lanna, Lao, Lepcha, Limbu, Lontara/Makasar, Lota Ende, Magar Akkha, Mahajani, Malayalam, Manpuri, Meroïtic, Masarm Gondi, Modi, Mon, Mongolian Horizontal Square Script, Multani, Nandinagari, Newa, Ojibwe, Odia, Pahawh Hmong, Pallava, Phags-pa, Ranjana, Redjang, Sasak, Savara, Satera Jontal, Shan, Sharda, Siddham, Sinhala, Sorang Sompeng, Sourashtra, Soyombo, Sundanese, Syloti Nagri, Tagbanwa, Takri, Tamil, Tanchangya (Ka-Pat), Tani, Thaana, Telugu, Thai, Tibetan, Tigalari (Tulu), Tikamuli, Tocharian, Tolong Siki, Vatteluttu, Warang Citi


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