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Celtic connections

A comparison of the six modern Celtic languages

Celtic connections - words that are similar in all or most of the Celtic languages

Cognates that appear in all or most of the Celtic languages

Adjectives | Pronouns | Verbs | People | Animals | Birds | Fish | Parts of the body | Colours | Numbers | Time expressions | Musical terms | Other words


aon aon nane/un un onan unan one
dha da dau, dwy dew, diw daou, div two
trí trì tree tri, tair tri, teyr tri, teir three
ceathar ceithir kiare pedwar, pedair peswar, peder pevar,
cúig cóig queig pump pymp pemp five
sia shey chwech hwegh c'hwec'h six
seacht seachd siaght saith seyth seizh seven
ocht ochd hoght wyth eth eizh eight
naoi naoi nuy naw naw nav nine
deich deich jeih deg deg dek ten
fiche fichead feed ugain ugens ugent twenty
céad ceud keead cant kans kant hundred
míle mìle meeiley mil mil mil thousand


  • Welsh, Cornish and Breton have masculine and feminine forms for two, three and four

More numbers in Celtic languages


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Stòr-fhaclan Co-dhàimheil Ceilteach (Database of Celtic cognates)

McBain's Etymological Dictionary of the Gaelic Language

Other pages about Celtic languages