languagesoftware.net - which is the best language course or software - compare

Learn Hebrew Online

Learn French with Frantastique

Celtic connections

The six Celtic languages currently spoken are divided into two branches: Goidelic or Gaelic, and Brythonic or British. The former branch consists of Irish, Manx and Scottish Gaelic, while the latter branch includes Welsh, Cornish and Breton. While there are many similarities between the languages in each branch, there are fewer similiarities between the two branches as they have had thousands of years to grow apart.

Cognates that appear in all or most of the Celtic languages

Words marked with an asterisk are archaic and/or used only in place names. The Cornish words shown are in Common Cornish (Kernewek Kemmyn). The Breton words are in Peurunvan/Modern Standard Spelling

Adjectives | Pronouns | Verbs | People | Animals | Birds | Fish | Parts of the body | Colours | Numbers | Time expressions | Musical terms | Other words


Fish and other sea creatures

Gaeilge
(Irish)
Gàidhlig
(Gaelic)
Gaelg
(Manx)
Cymraeg
(Welsh)
Kernewek
(Cornish)
Brezhoneg
(Breton)
English
iasc iasg eeast pysgod pysk pesked fish
bradán bradan
eo*
iach*
braddan eog
samwn
eghek eog salmon
breac breac breck
brick
brithyll brithel dluzh trout
eascann easgann astan llysywenod sylly silienn
kurzenn
eel
gliomach giomach gimmagh cimwch legest legestr lobster
míol mór mial-mhór meeyl mooar morfil morvil morvil
balum
whale
portán partan partan cranc kanker krank crab
rón ròn
morlo
raun morlo
broch môr
moelrhon
rhôn*
reunig
morleue
leue-mor
seal
ronnach
murlas
maicréal
breac-mhara
reannach
macrail
breck (marrey) macrell brithel brezhell mackerel
scadán sgadan skeddan ysgadan hernenwyn harink herring
siorc siorc
cearban
gobag mhòr
sharkagh morgi
siarc
rinkin shark

Notes

  • * Words with an asterisk are archaic or obsolete
  • The Welsh cognate of breac (GE) is brych (spotted), and the Breton cognate is brec'h (spotted)

[top]

If you would like to make any corrections or additions to this page, or if you can provide recordings, please contact me.

Links

Stòr-fhaclan Co-dhàimheil Ceilteach (Database of Celtic cognates)
http://www.smo.uhi.ac.uk/gaidhlig/faclair/scc/lorg.php

McBain's Etymological Dictionary of the Gaelic Language
http://www.ceantar.org/Dicts/MB2/

MAGUS: Multilingual Animal Glossary of Unveiled Synonyms
http://www.informatika.bf.uni-lj.si/magus-celtic&basque.html

A comparison of the six modern Celtic languages

Other pages about Celtic languages