languagesoftware.net - which is the best language course or software - compare

Learn Hebrew Online

Learn French with Frantastique

Celtic connections

The six Celtic languages currently spoken are divided into two branches: Goidelic or Gaelic, and Brythonic or British. The former branch consists of Irish, Manx and Scottish Gaelic, while the latter branch includes Welsh, Cornish and Breton. While there are many similarities between the languages in each branch, there are fewer similiarities between the two branches as they have had thousands of years to grow apart.

Cognates that appear in all or most of the Celtic languages

Words marked with an asterisk are archaic and/or used only in place names. The Cornish words shown are in Common Cornish (Kernewek Kemmyn). The Breton words are in Peurunvan/Modern Standard Spelling

Adjectives | Pronouns | Verbs | People | Animals | Birds | Fish | Parts of the body | Colours | Numbers | Time expressions | Musical terms | Other words


Animals and other creatures

Gaeilge
(Irish)
Gàidhlig
(Gaelic)
Gaelg
(Manx)
Cymraeg
(Welsh)
Kernewek
(Cornish)
Brezhoneg
(Breton)
English
ainmhithe ainmhidh baagh
cretoor
anifail
creadur
mil
enyval
best
aneval
loen
animal
beast
asal asal assyl asyn asen azen ass
donkey
béar arth
muc-abhainn
rustag
ursa
maghouin arth ors arzh bear
broc broc brock broch
mochyn daear
mochyn bychan
pry llwyd
brogh broc'h badger
cat cat kayt cath kath kazh cat
connín coinean conning cwningen konin c'honikl rabbit (coney)
dobahrcú dobhar-chù dooarchoo dwrgi
dyfrgi
dowrgi dourgi otter
fia fiadh feeaih carw karow karv deer
gabhar gobhar goayr gafr gavar gavr goat
gráinneog gràineag graynoge draenog sort heureuchin
avalaouer
kulier
hedgehog
iora
madra crainn
toghmall
feòrag
ir
roddan biljagh gwiwer gwiwer gwiñver
kazh-koad
squirrel
luchóg luch lugh llygoden logosenn logodenn mouse
mac-tíre
faolchú
madra alla
sagh'ic-tìre
sidheach
siogach
uilbh
filliu
moddey oaldey
blaidd bleydh bleiz wolf
muc muc muc mochyn (sg)
moch (pl)
hogh
mogh
moc'h pig
nathair nathair (aarnieu
ardnieu)
neidr nader naer snake
seangán seangan
moirb
caora-chòsag
sniengan morgrugyn moryon merion ant
sionnach
madra rua
sionnach
rainche
shynnagh cadno
llwynog
lowarn louarn fox

Cattle

Gaeilge
(Irish)
Gàidhlig
(Gaelic)
Gaelg
(Manx)
Cymraeg
(Welsh)
Kernewek
(Cornish)
Brezhoneg
(Breton)
English
eallach eallaidh ollagh buwch bugh buoc'h cattle
tarbh tarbh tarroo tarw tarow tarv bull
booa buwch bugh buoc'h cow
lao laogh lheiy llo leugh leue calf

Horses

Gaeilge
(Irish)
Gàidhlig
(Gaelic)
Gaelg
(Manx)
Cymraeg
(Welsh)
Kernewek
(Cornish)
Brezhoneg
(Breton)
English
capall each cabbyl ceffyl margh marc'h horse
stail greadhair collagh
grihder
march
stalwyn
margh marc'h stallion
láir làir laair caseg kasek kazeg mare
searrach searrach sharragh ebol ebel ebeul foal

Sheep

Gaeilge
(Irish)
Gàidhlig
(Gaelic)
Gaelg
(Manx)
Cymraeg
(Welsh)
Kernewek
(Cornish)
Brezhoneg
(Breton)
English
caora caora keyrrey dafad davas dañvad sheep
reithe reithe
rùda
rùta
rea hwrdd
maharen
hordh maout ram
caora caora bheanan
caora-uain
crog
othaisg
oasht dafad
mamog
davas dañvadez ewe
uan uan eayn oen oen oan lamb

Dogs

Gaeilge
(Irish)
Gàidhlig
(Gaelic)
Gaelg
(Manx)
Cymraeg
(Welsh)
Kernewek
(Cornish)
Brezhoneg
(Breton)
English

madra
madadh

madadh
coo
coill
moddey
ci ki ki dog
hound
madra baineann
bitseach
galla
saidh
sadhan
galla-choin
bitçhey
coo-bwoirryn
gass
gast
moddey-bwoirryn
gast gast kelinañ bitch
coiléan cuilean
gasgan
quallian
sowin
sowin-çhoo
ci bach
cenau
colwyn
kolyn kolen
kelin
puppy

Notes

  • means hound in Irish - dog is madra
  • Words with an asterisk are archaic or obsolete

[top]

If you would like to make any corrections or additions to this page, or if you can provide recordings, please contact me.

Links

Stòr-fhaclan Co-dhàimheil Ceilteach (Database of Celtic cognates)
http://www.smo.uhi.ac.uk/gaidhlig/faclair/scc/lorg.php

McBain's Etymological Dictionary of the Gaelic Language
http://www.ceantar.org/Dicts/MB2/

MAGUS: Multilingual Animal Glossary of Unveiled Synonyms
http://www.informatika.bf.uni-lj.si/magus-celtic&basque.html

A comparison of the six modern Celtic languages

Other pages about Celtic languages