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Celtic connections

The six Celtic languages currently spoken are divided into two branches: Goidelic or Gaelic, and Brythonic or British. The former branch consists of Irish, Manx and Scottish Gaelic, while the latter branch includes Welsh, Cornish and Breton. While there are many similarities between the languages in each branch, there are fewer similiarities between the two branches as they have had thousands of years to grow apart.

Cognates that appear in all or most of the Celtic languages

Words marked with an asterisk are archaic and/or used only in place names. The Cornish words shown are in Common Cornish (Kernewek Kemmyn). The Breton words are in Peurunvan/Modern Standard Spelling

Adjectives | Pronouns | Verbs | People | Animals | Birds | Fish | Parts of the body | Colours | Numbers | Time expressions | Musical terms | Other words


Colours

Gaeilge
(Irish)
Gàidhlig
(Gaelic)
Gaelg
(Manx)
Cymraeg
(Welsh)
Kernewek
(Cornish)
Brezhoneg
(Breton)
English
airgead airgead argid arian arghans arc'hant silver
buí buidhe bwee melyn melyn melen yellow
dearg dearg jiarg coch kogh ruz red
donn donn dhone dwn* (brown) gorm melegen
ruzdu
brown, dun
dubh dubh doo du du du black
fionn fionn fynn gwyn gwynn gwenn white, blond
glas glas glass glas glas glas blue, green, grey
gorm gorm gorrym gwrm* blou
(gorm = brown)
gwer
glas
blue, green
liath
(glas)
liath
(glas)
lheeah
(glass)
llwyd
(glas)
glas gris
(glas)
grey
oráiste
flannbhuí
buidhe jiarg-bwee
oranje
oren rudhvelyn orañjez
melenruz
orange
ruadh
rua
ruadh ruy rhudd*
(coch)
rudh ruz red

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Links

Stòr-fhaclan Co-dhàimheil Ceilteach (Database of Celtic cognates)
http://www.smo.uhi.ac.uk/gaidhlig/faclair/scc/lorg.php

McBain's Etymological Dictionary of the Gaelic Language
http://www.ceantar.org/Dicts/MB2/

A comparison of the six modern Celtic languages

Other pages about Celtic languages