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Celtic connections

A comparison of the six modern Celtic languages

Celtic connections - words that are similar in all or most of the Celtic languages

Cognates that appear in all or most of the Celtic languages

Adjectives | Pronouns | Verbs | People | Animals | Birds | Fish | Parts of the body | Colours | Numbers | Time expressions | Musical terms | Other words

Birds

Gaeilge
(Irish)
Gàidhlig
(Gaelic)
Gaelg
(Manx)
Cymraeg
(Welsh)
Kernewek
(Cornish)
Brezhoneg
(Breton)
English
(Latin)
éan eun eean
ushag
edn*
aderyn
edhen evn
labous
bird
bran*
caróg
badh-catha
starrag
bran*
fannag brân bran bran louet crow
(corvus)
clamhán àrmhaigh shirragh bwncath bargos baou buzzard
(buteo buteo)
cnagaire cnag snoggeyder cnocell (y coed)
caseg
kasek kazeg koad woodpecker
(piciformes)
coileach coileach kellagh ceiliog kulyek kilhog cockerel
cearc cearc kiark iar yar yar hen
colm
colmán
colúr
calman calmane ysguthan
colomen
kolomm pichon pigeon
(columba)
corr corr coar crëyr,
crychydd
cherhit kerc'heiz
corcid*
(grey) heron
(ardea)
druid druid trutlag drudwy
aderyn yr eira
dred tridig
brellidi
lapous du
starling
(sturnus vulgaris)
eala eala olla(y) alarch alargh alarc'h swan
(cygnus)
fáinleog gobhlan-gaoithe gollan geayee gwennol gwennel gwennel swallow
(hirundo)
faoileán faoileag foillan gwylan goelann gouelaned seagull
(larus)
fiach dubh fitheach feeagh cigfran
brân y gors
bran marc'hvran raven
(corvus corax)
fuiseog uiseag fushag
ushag
ehedydd awhesyth alc'hweder lark
(alauda)
gèadh guiy gwydd goedh gwaz goose
(anser
branta
)
gealbhan gealbhonn sparroo
gialloon
aderyn y to
golfan
golvan golvan sparrow
(passer domesticus)
iolar iolair urley eryr er erer eagle
(aquila)
lacha tunnag
lach
thunnag hwyaden hos houad duck
(anas
carina
)
lon dubh
céirseach
lòn-dubh lhondoo mwylachen
aderyn du
molgh dhu moualc'h blackbird
(turdus merula)
scréachóg sgreuchag screeaghag sgrech y coed kegin kegin jay
(garrulus glandarius)
seabhac
fabhcún
seabhag
faol-chon
shawk
shirragh
hebog hok falc'hun falcon
(falco)
snag breac
meaig
athaid pieanat pioden piasenn pig magpie
(pica pica)
spideog brù-dhearg
nighidh
pigidh
roban-roid
spittag brongoch rudhek boc'hruz robin
(erithacus rubecula melophilus)
ulchabhán
cailleach oíche
tulchabhchan
cailleach-oidhche
hullad
caillagh oie
tylluan
gwdihŵ
kowann
oula
toud
kaouenn
owl
(strigiformes)

Notes

  • eean in Manx means chick, fowl, or young bird
  • * Words with an asterisk are archaic or obsolete

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Links

Stòr-fhaclan Co-dhàimheil Ceilteach (Database of Celtic cognates)
http://www.smo.uhi.ac.uk/gaidhlig/faclair/scc/lorg.php

McBain's Etymological Dictionary of the Gaelic Language
http://www.ceantar.org/Dicts/MB2/

MAGUS: Multilingual Animal Glossary of Unveiled Synonyms
http://www.informatika.bf.uni-lj.si/magus-celtic&basque.html

Other pages about Celtic languages