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Celtic connections

A comparison of the six modern Celtic languages

Celtic connections - words that are similar in all or most of the Celtic languages

Cognates that appear in all or most of the Celtic languages

Adjectives | Pronouns | Verbs | People | Animals | Birds | Fish | Parts of the body | Colours | Numbers | Time expressions | Musical terms | Other words


Time phrases in the Celtic languages

Time expressions | Days of the week | Months of the year | Seasons


Time expressions

Gaeilge
(Irish)
Gàidhlig
(Gaelic)
Gaelg
(Manx)
Cymraeg
(Welsh)
Kernewek
(Cornish)
Brezhoneg
(Breton)
English
am àm am amser amser amzer time
aois, céad ceud eash, keead canrif cansbledhen kantved century
bliain bliadhna blein blwyddyn blydhen bloaz year
mi, mìos mee mis mis miz month
seachtain seachdain shiaghtin wythnos seythun sizhun week
latha laa dydd dydh deiz day
uair uair oor awr eur eur hour
nóiméad mionaid minnid munud mynysenn munut minute
soicind dìog tullagh eiliad segond, enn second

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Days of the week

Gaeilge
(Irish)
Gàidhlig
(Gaelic)
Gaelg
(Manx)
Cymraeg
(Welsh)
Kernewek
(Cornish)
Brezhoneg
(Breton)
English
Dé Luan Diluain Jelhune dydd Llun dy' Lun dilun Monday
Dé Mairt Dimàirt Jemayrt dydd Mawrth dy' Meurth dimeurz Tuesday
Dé Céadaoin Diciadain Jecrean dydd Mercher dy' Mergher dimerher Wednesday
Déardaoin Diardaoin Jerdein dydd Iau dy' Yow diriaou Thursday
Dé h-Aoine Dihaoine Jeheiney dydd Gwener dy' Gwener digwener Friday
Dé Sathairn Disatharna Jesarn dydd Sadwrn dy' Sadorn disadorn Saturday
Dé Domhnaigh Didòmhnaich
Là na Sàbaid
Jedoonee dydd Sul dy' Sul disul Sunday

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Months of the year

Gaeilge
(Irish)
Gàidhlig
(Gaelic)
Gaelg
(Manx)
Cymraeg
(Welsh)
Kernewek
(Cornish)
Brezhoneg
(Breton)
English
Eanáir
mí Eanáir
am Faoilleach Jerrey-geuree (mis) Ionawr Mys Genver miz Genver January
Feabhra
mí Feabhra
an Gearran Toshiaght-arree (mis) Chwefror Mys Hwevrer miz C'hwevrer February
Márta
mí an Mhárta
am Màrt Mayrnt (mis) Mawrth Mys Merth miz Meurzh March
Aibreán
mí Aibreáin
an Giblean Averil (mis) Ebrill Mys Ebrel miz Ebrel April
Bealtaine
mí na Bealtaine
an Cèitean Boaldyn (mis) Mai Mys Me miz Mae May
Meitheamh
mí an Mheithimh
an t-Ògmhios Mean-souree (mis) Mehefin Mys Methevan miz Mezheven June
Iúil -
mí Iúil
an t-luchar Jerrey-souree (mis) Gorffennaf Mys Gortheren miz Gouere July
Lúnasa
mí Lúnasa
an Lùnastal Luanistyn (mis) Awst Mys Est miz Eost August
Meán Fómhair
mí Mheán Fómhair
an t-Sultain Mean-fouyir (mis) Medi Mys Gwynngala miz Gwengolo September
Deireadh Fómhair
mí Dheireadh Fómhair
an Dàmhair Jerrey-fouyir (mis) Hydref Mys Hedra miz Here October
Samhain
mí na Samhna
an t-Samhain Mee Houney (mis) Tachwedd Mys Du miz Du November
Nollaig
mí na Nollag
an Dùbhlachd Mee ny Nollick (mis) Rhagfyr Mys Kevardhu miz Kerzu December

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Seasons

Gaeilge
(Irish)
Gàidhlig
(Gaelic)
Gaelg
(Manx)
Cymraeg
(Welsh)
Kernewek
(Cornish)
Brezhoneg
(Breton)
English
earrach earrach arree gwanwyn gwaynten nevez-amzer spring
samhradh samhradh sourey haf haf hañv summer
fómhar foghar fouyr hydref kynyaf diskar-amzer autumn
geimhreadh geamhradh geurey gaeaf gwaf goañv winter

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If you would like to make any corrections or additions to this page, or if you can provide recordings, please contact me.

Links

Stòr-fhaclan Co-dhàimheil Ceilteach (Database of Celtic cognates)
http://www.smo.uhi.ac.uk/gaidhlig/faclair/scc/lorg.php

McBain's Etymological Dictionary of the Gaelic Language
http://www.ceantar.org/Dicts/MB2/

MAGUS: Multilingual Animal Glossary of Unveiled Synonyms
http://www.informatika.bf.uni-lj.si/magus-celtic&basque.html

Other pages about Celtic languages