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Celtic connections

The six Celtic languages currently spoken are divided into two branches: Goidelic or Gaelic, and Brythonic or British. The former branch consists of Irish, Manx and Scottish Gaelic, while the latter branch includes Welsh, Cornish and Breton. While there are many similarities between the languages in each branch, there are fewer similiarities between the two branches as they have had thousands of years to grow apart.

Cognates that appear in all or most of the Celtic languages

Words marked with an asterisk are archaic and/or used only in place names. The Cornish words shown are in Common Cornish (Kernewek Kemmyn). The Breton words are in Peurunvan/Modern Standard Spelling

Adjectives | Pronouns | Verbs | People | Animals | Birds | Fish | Parts of the body | Colours | Numbers | Time expressions | Musical terms | Other words


Musical terms

Gaeilge
(Irish)
Gàidhlig
(Gaelic)
Gaelg
(Manx)
Cymraeg
(Welsh)
Kernewek
(Cornish)
Brezhoneg
(Breton)
English
ceol ceòl kiaull cerddoriaeth
miwsig
ilow
menystrouthi
sonerezh
muzik
music
ochtach ochdach shiaull wythawd ethves
oktav
eizhvetez octave
scála sointread scaail graddfa skeul skeulenn scale
mór mòr
màidsear
mooar mwyaf meur muiañ major
mion mion
meanar
myn lleddf le
minor
leiañ minor
nóta pong
punc
soin
notey nodyn notya notenn note
gléas
eochair
uchdach gleaysh allwedd
cleff
alhwedh alc'hwez
kelc'h
key
clef
cliath clàr cleeah erwydd regenneg stave
géar geur gear llonnod lymm lemm sharp
maol maol meayl meddal bouc'h flat
soprán soprane soprane soprano soprano soprano soprano
alt alto alt alto alto alto alto
teanór tenor tennor tenor tenor ténor
tenored
tenor
baratón baraton baritone baritôn usvoud
bariton
baritone
dord beus
borbhanach
cronney
dord
bas faborden boud bass

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If you would like to make any corrections or additions to this page, or if you can provide recordings, please contact me.

Links

Stòr-fhaclan Co-dhàimheil Ceilteach (Database of Celtic cognates)
http://www.smo.uhi.ac.uk/gaidhlig/faclair/scc/lorg.php

McBain's Etymological Dictionary of the Gaelic Language
http://www.ceantar.org/Dicts/MB2/

A comparison of the six modern Celtic languages

Other pages about Celtic languages