Words for colours in Scottish Gaelic with notes and colour-related expressions.
The word for colour in Scottish Gaelic is dath (pl: dathan). Related words and expressions include:
dubh [duh] - black; dark; black/dark-haired, very, extremely; pupil (of eye)
Etymology: from the Old Irish dub, from the Proto-Celtic *dubu- (black), from the Proto-Indo-European *dʰewbʰ- (black).
geal [gʲal̪ˠ] - white; fond of; clear, bright; pure
bán [baːn] - fair; pale; ; light in colour; fair/white-haired
fionn [fjũːn̪ˠ] - white, fair, pale; sincere, true, certain; small; fine, pleasant.
dearg [dʲɛrɛg] - red; reddish; complete, utter
ruadh [rˠuəɣ] - red, red-haired, rusty, wild
buidhe [bujə] - yellow; orange; fortunate, lucky; glad, grateful
Etymology: from the Old Irish buide.
gorm [gɔrɔm] - blue; green
Etymology: from Old Irish gorm (blue), from the Proto-Celtic *gorsmo-, from *gor (warm, warm colour), from the Proto-Indo-European *wrmi- (worm), from the Proto-Indo-European *wer- (to turn, bend).
uaine [uəɲə] - green; greeness; lividness
glas [ɡl̪ˠasˠ] - green; grey-green; grey; pale
donn [dɔun̪ˠ] - brown, brown haired
Etymology; from the Old Irish donn, from the Proto-Celtic *dunno- (brown).
pinc / bàn-dhearg - pink
buidhe [bujə] - orange; yellow; fortunate, lucky; glad, grateful
liath [ʎiə] - grey; (pale) blue
Etymology: from Early Irish líath. Related to the Welsh llwyd, the Old Breton loit, the Middle Breton loet, from *leito-/*pleito-/*peleito-, from Greek pelitnós, from the Proto-Indo-European root *pel- (grey, dull colour, pallor)
purpaidh [purbɪ] - purple
Etymology: from Irish purpuir, from Middle Irish purpuir, from Latin purpura (purple fish; purple; purple cloth; finery; royalty).
Etymologies from MacBain's An Etymological Dictionary of the Gaelic Language
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