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Colours in many languages

This section contains the colour words that have been indentified in various studies as the most common across most languages, although the actual colours represented by each of the colour words are not nescessarily exactly the same. For example, in Greek and Russian there are two words for blue corresponding to light blue and dark blue, and these colours are considered and perceived as separate. In other languages there are overlaps between blue, green and grey, or red, orange and brown.

Colour words in individual languages

Austroasiatic languages


Austronesian languages

Malayo-Polynesian languages
Filipino, Tuvaluan

Dravidian languages


Indo-European languages

Celtic languages
Irish (Gaelic), Scottish Gaelic
Germanic languages
Afrikaans, Dutch, German
Romance languages
French, Italian, Lombard, Portuguese, Spanish

Niger-Congo languages

Bantu languages

Language isolates


Lists of colours

Research on colour words

The colour of words

Colour idioms in different language

French colours

Japanese colours

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