The eleven colour words on this page have been indentified in various studies
as the most common across most languages, although the actual colours represented by
each of the colour words are not nescessarily exactly the same. For example, in Greek
and Russian there are two words for blue corresponding to light blue and dark blue, and
these colours are considered and perceived as separate. In other languages there are overlaps
between blue, green and grey, or red, orange and brown.
The first six colours (black, white, red, yellow, blue, green) are most common,
and the second five (brown, pink, orange, grey and purple) are not as common across
Key to abbreviations: dk = dark, lt = light, m- = medium, lv = living things,
mm = man-made things, m = masculine, f = feminine, n = neuter,
c = common gender, pl = plural
You can find more colour words and notes on colours in individual languages by
clicking on the language names that are links.