Colour words in many languages

The eleven colour words on this page have been indentified in various studies as the most common across most languages, although the actual colours represented by each of the colour words are not nescessarily exactly the same. For example, in Greek and Russian there are two words for blue corresponding to light blue and dark blue, and these colours are considered and perceived as separate. In other languages there are overlaps between blue, green and grey, or red, orange and brown.

The first six colours (black, white, red, yellow, blue, green) are most common, and the second five (brown, pink, orange, grey and purple) are not quite as common across languages.

Key to abbreviations: dk = dark, lt = light, m- = medium, lv = living things, mm = man-made things, m = masculine, f = feminine, n = neuter, c = common gender, pl = plural

You can find more colour words and notes on colours in individual languages by clicking on the language names that are links.

                       
Abaza квайчӀва шкӀвакӀва къапщы гӀвашь йчӀыхву
чӀыхь
хӀвыхӀвчва
йачӀва
удзышва
гӀвабджя чвапщ къапщыра
гӀачвыцӀххуа
гӀаважь
гӀвабджя чӀыхв
йачӀва
лилова
Abenaki mkazawi wôbi mkui wizôwi wlôwi askaskui wdamôôbame wibgui minôbowi
Acehnese braʔa iǰu pirã iǰu prãna prãna
Achuar-Shiwiar šuwín puhu kapántin yaŋkú wiŋkiá samék
Achumawi hookíci tiwici taxtaxi makmaki samtal misuqadi
Adyghe шӀуцӀэ фыжьы плъыжьы гъожьы шхъуантӀэ уцышъо хьаплъы шэплъы гъожьы- шэплъ ежьашъо,
шъо
шхъуантӀэ
Afrikaans swart blank
wit
rooi geel blou groen bruin
donker
pienk
ligrooi
oranje grys
vergrys
purper
Aguacatec q̣eq saq kyaq q̣an č̣aʔs č̣aʔs
Aguaruna bukúsea čamig kapantu yagkú wigka samékbau
Akhvakh бачӀидабе дашидабе гьиридабе тӀигьолӀи хвашуралӀи жомолӀибе хӀарилӀикьерели зих̄адабе
х̄олабе
щакъилӀикьерёлӀи
Alabama locha hatka homma laana okchakko okchakko laana istokhatka
Albanian i zi
e zezë
i/e bardhë i kuq
e kuqe
i/e verdhë blu
i/e kaltër
bojë qielli
i/e gjelbër
i/e blertë
jeshil/jeshile
kafe rozë portokalle [f]
portokall [m]
i/e hirtë
gri
ngjyrë hiri
vjollcë
Aleut (Western) qaxchikdax̂ quhmax̂ uluudakux̂ chumnugix̂ chidĝix̂ chidĝaayux̂
Amarakaeri wasik waˀereg wabed waey   wabura
Amharic ጥቁር
(ṭɛqur)
ነጭ
(nɛč̣č̣)
ቀይ
(qɛyy)
ቢጫ
(beč̣a)
ሰማያዊ
(ṭɛqur semayawi)
አርንጓዴ
(arɛngwade)
ቡና አይነት
(bunaa 'ayenate)
ሮዝ
(roze)
ብርቱካን አይነት
(beretukaane 'ayenate)
ግራጫ
(geraachaa)
ሐምራዊ
(hhameraawi)
Andi beč̣edir hac̣a hiri čakːu xoči ḳodoḷiboso
Arabic أسود
(aswad)
أبيض
(abyadh)
أحمر
(ahhmar)
أصفر
(assfar)
أزرق
(azraq)
أخضر
(akh-dhar)
بنّي
(bonniy)
وردي - زهريّ
(wardiy / zahriy)
برتقالي
(burtuqaaliy)
رمادي
(ramaadiy)
بنفسجيّ
(banafsajiy)
                       
Armenian
(Eastern)
սէւ
(sev)
սպիտակ
(spitak)
կարմիր
(karmir)
դեղին
(deghin)
երկնագույն
(yerknagwyn)
կապույտ
(kapwyt) dk
կանաչ
(kanach)
դարչնագույն
(shaganakagwyn)
վարդագույն
(vardagwyn)
նարինջագույն
(narinjagwyn)
մոխրագույն
(mokhragwyn)
ալ կարմիր
(al karmir)
Armenian
(Western)
սէւ
(sev)
սպիտակ
(sbidag)
կարմիր
(garmir)
դեղին
(teghin)
երկնագւյն
(yergnakwhn)
կապույտ
(gabwyd) dk
կանաչ
(ganach)
դարչնագույն
(darshnakwyn)
վարդագույն
(vartagwyn)
նարինջագույն
(narinjakwyn)
մոխրագույն
(mokhragwyn)
ալ կարմիր
(al garmir)
Aromanian negru albu aroş galbin murnu vearde cafiringhie
Ashaninka poʦitari kitamarori poʦonaitaki kiteriri kisari kenaši
Assamese কলিযা
(koliya)
বগা
(boga)
লহিত্
(lohit)
হালধিযা
(halodhiya)
নীলা
(nila)
সেুজিযা
(xeujiya)
মুগা
(muga)
গুলপীয়া
(gulopiya)
কমলা
(komola)
বেঙুনীয়া
(benguniyaa)
Asturian prietu blancu bermeyu mariellu azul verde marrón rosa naranxa buxu purple
Atayal makálux malávuʔ matanah magasúluʔ magaẓáguʔ magaẓáguʔ
Aukan baaka weti lebi donu baaw guun
Aymara čˀiyara xanḳˀu čupika ḳˀilʸu larama čˀuχɲa ch'umpi anti churi ch'ixi kulli
Ayoreo uta’ta-i ‘pororo-i kara-‘taai ‘sarẽ maaŋnataai ‘sarẽ
Azeribaijani qara qɪrmɪzɪ sarɪ göy yaşɪl qəhvəyi çəhrayɪ narıncı boz tünd qırmızı
Balinese badeng putih barak
jengga (lt)
karah (lt)
kuning gadang gadang dadu
jengga (dk)
karah (dk)
dadu wanta ḍawuk hungu
Balti nākpo kārpo mārpo serpo khnam-raŋ sŋonpo
Bari bachirry bary bokorany karikashukdury   birraikarany
Basque beltz zuri gorri hori
beilegi
urdin berde marroi arrosa laranja grisa ubel
more
gorrindol
purpura
Bashkir ҡара
(qara)
аҡ
(aq)
ҡыҙыл
(qɪźɪl)
һары
(harɪ)
күк
(kük)
йәшел
(jəšəl)
көрән
(körän)
ал
(al)
  бүре
büre)
һоро
(horo)
Bassa kpɛ̃̀ púú zĩ-zã ɖaa-cànà   hwúe-dyèɖè
Batak Karo mbiring mbulan megara megersing meratah meratah
Belarusian чорны
(čorny)
белы
(b'ely)
чырвоны
(čyrvony)
жоўты
(žowty)
сіні
(sini)
зялоны
(z'alony)
карычневы
(karyčnievy)
ружовы
(ružovy)
аранжавы
(aranžavy)
шэры
(šery)
фіялетавы
(fijalietavy)
Bemba -fita -bûta -kashika umutuntulwa icafitulukila katapakatapa
                       
Bengali কালো
(kalo)
সাদা
(sādā)
লল
(lol)
হলুদ
(holuda)
পীত
(pīta)
নীল
(nīl)
সবুজ
(sabuja)
বাদামি
(badami)
কপিল
(kapila)
খোলাপি
(golapi)
পাটল
(pāṭala)
কমলা
(komala)
ধূসর
(dhūshor)
ছাই-রঙ
(chai-rong)
বেগুন
(beguni)
রক্তবর্ণ
(raktabarn)
অরুণ
(aruṇa)
Bezhta цӀодоло гьаьлдийо цӀуддо
хоцӀцӀоук
уклиъис ничдийо гьелӀалъцоъос шахилако кешдийо
лъахдийо
гьаьлкаьндийо
чакьилагьас
Bokar याका
(yaka)
यापुङ्
(yapuŋ)
यालि॔नाग
(yalínago)
नगे
(noge)
दजे
(doje)
जाय
(jayo)
Breton du gwenn ruz melen glas gwer
glas
ruzdu
duard
ruz orañjez
melenruz
gris
glas
glasruz
mouk
Budukh лагӀа лузу ал соза цӀору йашил шутӀри кьачӀу къиркьаб
нариндж
кьачӀу
сору
чал
Bugis malotoŋ mapute macəllaʔ maridi   makudaraʔ
Bulgarian черен (m) (cheren)
черна (f) (černa)
черно (n) (černo)
черни (pl) (černi)
бял (m) (bjal)
бяла (f) (bjala)
бяло (n) (bjalo)
бели (pl) (beli)
червен (m) (červen)
червена (f) (červena)
червено (n) (červeno)
червени (pl) (červeni)
жълт (m) (žãlt)
жълта (f) (žãlta)
жълто (n) (žãlto)
жълти (pl) (žãlti)
син (m) (sin)
синя (f) (sinja)
синьо (n) (sinjo)
сини (pl) (sini)
зелен (m) (zelen)
зелена (f) (zelena)
зелено (n) (zeleno)
зелени (pl) (zeleni)
кафяв (m) (kafjav)
кафява (f) (kafjava)
кафяво (n) (kafjavo)
кафяви (pl) (kafjavi)
розов (m) (rozov)
розова (f) (rozova)
розово (n) (rozovo)
розови (pl) (rozovi)
оранжев (m) (oranžev)
оранжева (f) (oranževa)
оранжево (n) (oranževo)
оранжеви (pl) (oranževi)
сив (m) (siv)
сива (f) (siva)
сиво (n) (sivo)
сиви (pl) (sivi)
лилав (m) (lilav)
лилава (f) (lilava)
лилаво (n) (lilavo)
лилави (pl) (lilavi)
виолетов (m) (violetov)
виолетова (f) (violetova)
виолетово (n) (violetovo)
виолетови (pl) (violetovi)
Burmese နက်သော
(ne’ðɔ̀)
ြဖူေသာ
(hpyuðɔ̀)
နီေသာ
(niðɔ̀)
ဝါေသာ
(waðɔ̀)
ြပေသာ
(pyaðɔ̀)
စိမ်းေသာ
(sèiŋðɔ̀)
အညိုရောင်
(a nyo yaon)
လိမ္မော္ရောင်
(lein mau yaon)
မီးခု္းရောင်
(mi go yaon)
ခရမ္းရောင်
(ka-yan yaon)
Burushaski mʌtum buruːm baːrdʊm ɪṣkərk   ɪṣqʌm
Cakchiquel q̣eq səq kəq q̣ən rəš rəš
Caló gallardó plasnó lolo batacolé julé bardorí
Catalan negre blanc vermell
roig
groc blau verd marró
bru
rosa taronja gris porpra
púrpura
violat
morat
                       
Catawba hawókči táːkče səka wuyantkare wu wayani
Cavineña sewe-da paha-da pode-da hawa-da sawa-da sawa-da
Cayuvava ɲataha paboreha tɨrɨrɨ darutæ yaβodahæ iβere
Chácobo čɨkɨ hoṣ̌o piši šini niaβa niaβa
Chamorro áttilong á’paka agaga’ amariyu asút betde kulot chukulati kulot di rosa kulot kahet lila
Chechen ‘ärža ḳajn ċen moža sijna bäccara боьмаша
(bömașa)
беса-ц1ениг
(besa-ċenig)
ц1еран бос
(ċeran bos)
сира
(sira)
лилула-сийна
(lilyla-siyna)
Cherokee ᎬᎿᎨ
(gvhnage)
ᎤᏁᎦ
(unega)
ᎩᎦᎨ
(gigage)
ᏓᎶᏂᎨ
(dalonige)
ᏌᎪᏂᎨ
(sagonige)
ᎢᏥᎢᏳᏍᏗ
(itsiiyusdi)
ᎤᏬᏗᎨ
(uwodige)
ᎦᎦᎨ ᎤᏍᎪᎸ
(gagage usgolv)
ᎠᏓᎶᏂᎨ
(adalonige)
ᎬᎿᎨ ᎤᏍᎪᎸ
(gvhnage usgolv)
ᎠᏛᎭᎵᎨ
(advhalige)
Chinese (Cantonese) 黑(色)
(hāk[sīk])
白(色)
(baahk[sīk])
紅(色)
(hùhng[sīk])
黄(色)
(wòhng[sīk])
藍(色)
(làahm[sīk])
綠(色)
(luhk[sīk])
咖啡色
(gafēsīk)
粉紅色
(fánhùhngsīk)
橙色
(cháangsīk)
灰色
(fūisīk)
紫色
(jísīk)
Chinese (Mandarin) 黑色 (hēisè) 白色< (báisè) 紅色 [红] (hóngsè) 黄色 (huángsè) 藍色 [蓝] (lánsè)
青 (qīng)
綠色 [绿] (lǜ sè)
青 (qīng)
棕色 (zōngsè)
褐色 (hèsè)
咖啡色 (kāfēisè)
粉紅色 (fěnhóngsè)
粉色 (fěnsè)
橙色 (chéngsè)
橘红色 (júhóngsè)
灰色 (huīsè) 紫&ga; (zǐsè)
Chinook klale t’kope pil kwakawak spooh pechugh legléy
Chipaya c̄oḳ čiwi lxok kˀilʸu larama čˀoxɲa
Chiriguano -hũu tĩi pɨ̃ta iǰu howɨ howɨ
Choctaw lusa tohbi homma lakna okchamali okchakko hotonlvkna okchakvlbi tulha̱koba okchamali okchakvlbi
Chontal (Tabasco) ik' sɨk chɨk k'ɨn ik'kutan yɨx ik'pik'an
Chuj ḳiḳ sak čak ḳan yaš yaš
Chuvash xura šură xĕrlĕ sară kăvak simĕs
Cofan sįˀą totoa kïˀa kiyopa indzią indzią
Colorado pa-ˀba-‘kã ɸi-ʰ’ˀbã ‘lu-ˀbã laʰ’ke-ˀbã loʰsĩ-ˀba loʰsĩ-ˀba
Cora Nayar súˀumuaraˀa kuaina tɯpaˀu taúmua kuatúmua ħamuámua
Cornish du gwynn rudh melyn glas glas (nt)
gwyrdh (mm)
gwer (mm)
dulas (dk)
gwerwyn (lt)
gell (lt)
gorm (dk)
gwynnrudh
kigliw
rudhvelyn loos
glas
purpur
glasrudh.
Corsican neru biancu rossu giallu turchini verdi brunu
cerriu
rosa arancinu grisgiu viulettu
Creole noi blanc rouge jòne blé vett
                       
Croatian crna bijela crvena žuta plava zelena smeđa ružičasta narančasta siva ljubičasta
Czech černá bílá červená
rudá
žlutá modrá zelená hnědá růžová oranžová šedá
šedivá
fialová
Danish sort hvid rød gul blå grøn brun lyserød orange grå lilla
Dutch zwart wit rood geel blauw groen bruin roze oranje grijs paars
Dzoratâi nâi blyan rodze zauno blyû
Emberá paima tořo puřu kuara pãõãrã pãõãrã
English black white red yellow blue green brown pink orange grey purple
Epena pʰãimaa tʰořoo pʰoree kʰuaraa pʰãwaraa pʰãwaraa
Erza Mordvin r̃aužo ašo yaksʸtʸer̃ʸe ožo senʸ piže
Esperanto nigra blanca ruĝa flava blua verda bruna roz(kolor)a oranĝ(kolor)a griza viol(kolor)a
Estonian must valge punane kollane sinine roheline pruun roosa oranž hall lilla
Evenki karā ñuberī hulama siŋarīn noɣōn noɣōn
Faroese svartur hvitur reyður gulur bláur grønur brúnur ljósareyður
nelikur
gráur
Filipino itim puti púla dilaw asul
bughaw
berde
lunti
luntian
tsokolate
kayumanggi
rosas dalandan abó
ábuhin
lilà
ube
Finnish musta valkoinen punainen keltainen sininen vihreä ruskea pinkki oranssi harmaa purppura
French noir blanc rouge jaune bleu vert marron
brun
rose orange gris violet
Frisian (West) swart wyt read giel blau grien brún anjer oranje skier / griis pears
Galician negro branco vermella amarela azul verde marrón rosa laranja grises púrpura
Georgian შავი
(shavi)
თეთრი
(thethri)
წითელი
(c’itheli)
ყვითელი
(qvitheli)
ლურჯი
(lurji) dk
ცისფერი
(cispheri) lt
მწვანე
(mc’vane)
ყავისფერი
(qavispheri)
ვარდისფერი
(vardispheri)
ნარინჯისფერი
(narinjispheri)
ფორთოხლისფერი
(phorthokhlispheri)
ნაცრისფერი
(nacrispheri)
რუხი
(rukhi)
იისფერი
(iispheri)
იასამნისფერი
(iasamnispheri)
German schwarz weiß rot gelb blau grün braun rosa orange grau lila
violett
Ghulfan úri oɽí kɛ́le baɼɽá úri te
Gilaki siya səfid sorx zərd arši sebz
Goajiro mɨtsia kasu-to-ľu išosɨ maľoukati-si- wɨitɨ-si wɨitɨ-si
Greek μαύρο
(mavro)
άσπρο
(aspro)
κόκκινο
(kokkino)
κίτρινο
(kitrino)
μπλε
(ble) m-lt
γαλάζιο
(galazio) m-dk
πράσινο
(prasino)
καφέ
(kafé)
ροζ
(roz)
πορτοκαλί
(portokalí)
γκρι
(gri)
μοβ
(mov)
                       
Gupapuyngu gurrngan gaywarangu - miku'mirri milkuminymirri gurrngan miku'mirri - - -
Guarani morotĩ pytã sa'yju hovy morongy hũngy pytãngy - atĩva pytaũ
Gujarati કાળો
(kaaro)
સફેદ
(safed)
લાલ
(laal)
પીળો
(peero)
ભૂરો - dk
(bhuro)
વાદળી - lt
(vaadaree)
લીલો
(leelo)
બદામી
(badaamee)
ગુલાબી
(gulaabee)
નારંગી
(naarangee)
ભૂખરો
(bhukharo)
જાંબલી
(jaambalee)
Hausa bak̑ī farī rawaya shuɗī algashi mai ruwan k'asa ja-ja mai ruwan lemo mai ruwan toka-toka launin jar garura
Hawaiian ‘ele’ele ke’oke’o ‘ula’ula
wena
melemele uliuli ‘ooma’oma’o palaunu ‘aakala ‘aalani ‘aahinahina poni
Hebrew שחור
(shakhor)
לבן
(lavan)
אדום
(adom)
צהוב
(tsahov)
כחול
dk (kakhol)
תכול / תכלת
lt (takhol / tekhelet)
ירוק
(yarok)
חום
(khoom)
ורוד
(varod)
כתום
(katom)
אפור
(afor)
סגול
(sagol)
Hindi काला
(kālā)
सफेद
(saphed)
लाल
(lāl)
पीला
(pīlā)
नीला
(nīlā)
हरा
(harā)
भूरा
(bhūrā)
गुलाबी
(gulābī)
नारंगी
(nārangī)
धूसर
(dhūsara)
बैंगनी
(bainganī)
Hmong xim dub xim dawb xim liab xim daj xim xiav xim ntsuab xim kas fes xim liab damb muag xim maj kiab xim txho xim paj yeeb
Ho henḍe punḍi ( ?) sasaŋleká gádeḍ tasadleká
Huastec eḥeknʔi ṭakniʔ tsakniʔ manuʔ yašušuul yašušuul
Hungarian fekete fehér piros
vörös
sárga kék zöld barna rózsaszín narancssárga
narancs
szürke lila
Icelandic svartur hvítur rauður gulur blár grænn brúnn bleikur appelsínugulur grár fjólublár
Ido nigra blanka reda flava blua verda bruna rozea oranjea griza purpura
Igbo oji ọchá mmẹ-mmẹ
uhie
édo
ògùlù
yélo
alulu
blu
ọchá ndù ńchárá
àkpammanụ
brawnu
ọchá mmanu mmanu
orenji
ntụ ntụ
gre
òdòdò
Indonesian hitam putih merah kuning biru hijau coklat merah muda oranye abu abu ungu
Ingush Ӏаьржа кӀай цӀе ӀажагаӀ сийна
сигала бесса
баьццара мора сийрда-цӀе цӀий бесса ӀажагӀа
апельсина бесса
сира шаькъа бесса
Interlingua nigre albe rubie jalne blau verde brun rosate orange gris purpuree
Irish (Gaelic) dubh bán dearg buí gorm glas (lv)
uaine (mm)
donn bándearg oráiste
flannbhuí
liath
glas
corcra
                       
Italian nero bianco rosso giallo azzurro (lt)
blu
verde marrone rosa arancione grigio viola
Itonama kawolo rapɨhna i-dahke o-were wanili kabalaʔi
Itza’ boš sək čək ḳən yaʔaš ḳiḳ
Ixil q̣eq saq kaq q̣an čaʔs čaʔs
Japanese
(kuro)

(shiro)

(aka)

(ki)
ブリュー
(buryū)
青 (ao)

(midori)
茶色
(chairo)
桃色
(momoiro)
オレンジ
(orenji)
橙色
(daidaiiro)
灰色
(haiiro)
鼡色 (dk)
(nezumiiro)

(murasaki)
Javanese ireng / cemeng putih / pethak abang / abrit kuning biru ijo / ijem coklat / soklat jambon oranye / kuning télô abu-abu ungu / wungu / kembang térông
Kaingang kupri kɔsɔŋ mãrɛru təŋ təŋ
Kannada ಕಪ್ಪು
(kappu)
ಬಿಳಿ
(biḷi)
ಕೆಂಪು
(kempu)
ಹಳದಿ
(haḷadi)
ನೀಲಿ
(nīli)
ಹಸಿರು
(hasiru)
ಕಂದು
(kandu)
ಗುಲಾಬಿಬಣ್ಣ
(gulaabibaṇṇa)
ಕಿತ್ತಳೆಬಣ್ಣ
(kittaḷe baṇṇa)
ಬೆಳ್ಳಿ
(beḷḷi)
ರಜತ
(rajata)
ನೇರಲೆಬಣ್ಣ
(nērallebaṇṇa)
Kapampangan matuling maputi malutu culul ebun asul (blue)
asul marino (dark blue)
berdi culul chuclati rosas culul salmon culul abu culul ubi
Karajá iIəbɨ ura isɔ ( ) ľɨre ľɨre
Karakalpak қара
(ḳara)
қуу
(kuu)
қырмызы
(kɪrmɪzɪ)
сары
(sarɪ)
көк
(kök)
жасыл
(žasɪl)
Karelian мусту
(mustu)
валгей
(valgej)
рускей
(ruskej)
келдайнə
(keldajnə)
синнинэ
(sinninĕ)
виханду
(vixandu)
Karipuna nég blã huj jón ble viat
Kashubian czôrny biôłi czerwiôny żôłti mòdri (lt)
granatny (dk)
zelony bruny różewi apfelzynowi szari lilewi (lt)
pùrpùrny (dk)
Katcha u’du’du aʔbasa otɛ agerikiri u’du’du ageri
Kekchi q̣eq saq kaq ḳan raš raš
Kharia karhaini oselḍaˀ gola, joŋgor lila, piyar lil, nila hariyar
Khinalug мичӀаь хьырыцӀ ал
ццыма
кӀушкӀула цӀарцӀар гог
сыб
боьнуьш
къовур
михаьг
махагула боз
даьмиргоьг
чернил
Khmer ព្រញូញ ខ្មៅ
(prɔɲuːɲ. kʰmaw)

(sɒː)
រត្ត
(rɔɒttaˀ)
ស្កូយ, ហវី
(skuəy, hariˀ)
ខៀវ
(kʰiəw)
ស្រង឵ត
(srɒŋat)
                       
Kiribati roroo mainaina uraura babooboo mawaawa kiriin
Komi sʸöd edžɩd gör̃d kolʸkviž löz vež
Konkani काळे
(kāle)
धवे
(dhave)
तंन्डे
(tãḍe)
हळ्दुवे
(haḷduve)
नीळ
(nīla)
पाच्वे
(pāčve)
तांबझे
(tānbajhe)
गुलाबी
(gulābī)
नारंगी
(nārangī)
गोबरो
(gobaro)
जांभळो
(jānbhaḷo)
Korean 검은 색
(geo-meun-saek)
하얀 색
(ha-yan-saek)
빨간 색
(ppal-kkan-saek)
노란 색
(no-ran-saek)
파란 색
(pa-ran-saek)
녹 색
(nok-saek)
갈 색
(gal-saek)
분홍 색
(bun-hong-saek)
오렌지 색
(o-ren-ji-saek)
회 색
(hoe-saek
보라 색
(bo-ra-saek)
Koromfe bĩn- pɔ̃n- sɔm- kɔ̃ɔ̃d- kɛ̃ɛ̃ kɛ̃ɛ̃
Kpelle tɛi kole kpɔlu kpeleŋ mu-tɛi-ɛɛ laa-ŋunu
Kumyk къара
(ḳara)
акъ
(aḳ)
къызыл
(ḳɪzɪl)
сары
(sarɪ)
кёк
(kök)
жасыл
(žasɪl)
Kunza atchi tarar lari ckaala selti ckaari
Kurdish yê reş yê sipî yê sor yê zer yê şîn yê kesk
Kuwi କଅଋିନି
(kāṛini)
ପଅଣ୍ଡ୍ରି, ଓେଲ୍ଲ
(pāṇḍri, vella)
ଲୋନ୍ଗ
(longi)
ହିଇଗିରି
(hīṅgiri)
ନିଲ୍ଯ
(nilya)
ଅଅକୁପଚ୍ଚ
(ākupacca)
Ladino פריטו
(preto)
בלאנקו
(blanko)
בירמיג׳ו
(bermežo)
אמארײאו
(amariyo)
אזול
(azul)
ב׳ידרי
(veđre)
Lakota sápa ská šá tɦó
tɦósaŋ (lt)
tɦósapa (dk)
tɦózi
tɦó (dk)
ǧí šásaŋ zíša ɦóta
sáŋ (lt)
tɦóša
Lamut xakarīn njōbatə̄ xulanjā xel čulbanjā čulbanjā
Lao ດຳ
(dàːm)
ກາວ
(kǒw)
ສີແໆງ
(sǐ dàaŋ)
ສີເຫລືອງ
(sǐ leuàn)
ສີຟ້າ
(sǐ fâ)
ສີຂຽວ
(sǐ kiǎw)
Latvian melns balts sarkans dzeltens zils zaļš brūns rozā oranžs pelēks purpursarkana
Lengua pais-iam -mopa-iya -yithwas-e -yatiktama -yapakmate -yapakmate
Limbu ᤁᤢᤔᤰᤗ
(kumakla)
ᤁᤢᤓᤨᤖ
(kubhɔra)
ᤁᤢᤜᤧᤳᤗ
(kuhetla)
ᤀᤨᤶᤍᤱᤒ
(omdaŋba)
ᤛᤜᤡᤀᤸ
(sahiʔl)
ᤁᤢᤜᤡᤰᤗ
(kuhikla)
Lithuanian juoda balta raudona geltona mėlyna žalia ruda rožinė oranžinė pilka violetinė
Lojban xekri blabi xunre pelxu blanu crino bunre   narju grusi zirpu
Luangiua uliʔuli maʔiŋi mea helo pala kea
Luba fitùtùu -tòòke -kunze kàlaabi -a cyuluulu lubìšibiši
Luxembourgish schwaarz wäiss rout giel blo gréng brong rosa orange gro mof
Macedonian црн (m)
црна (f)
црно (n)
црни (pl)
бел (m)
бела (f)
бело (n)
бели (pl)
црвен (m)
црвена (f)
црвено (n)
црвени (pl)
жолт (m)
жолта (f)
жолто (n)
жолти (pl)
син (m)
сина (f)
сино (n)
синиv (pl)
зелен (m)
зелена (f)
зелено (n)
зелени (pl)
кафеав (m)
кафеава (f)
кафеаво (n)
кафеави (pl)
розев (m)
розева (f)
розево (n)
розеви (pl)
портокалов (m)
портокалова (f)
портокалово (n)
портокалови (pl)
сив (m)
сива (f)
сиво ()
сиви (pl)
виолетов (m)
виолетова (f)
виолетово (n)
виолетови (pl)
                       
Machiguenga potsiari kútari kiraári kiteri kamachonkari  
Macushi arikkɨtun aimutun suuyu aʔmutun rora rora
Maia gigir usua kedat aligam maribuka koborum
Malagasy mainty fotsy mena vonivony manga maitso
Malay hitam putih merah kuning biru hijau warna perang
warna coklat
merah jambu warna oren
jingga
kelabu ungu
Malayalam കറപ്പു
(karappu)
വെളുപ്പു
(veluppu)
ചെമപ്പു
(cemappu)
മഞ
(manya)
നീല
(nīla)
പച്ച
(pacca)
കാക്കി
(kākki)
പാടലവര്‍ണ്ണം
(pādalavarnnam)
കിര്‍മ്മീരം
(kirmeeram)
ചാരനിറമാ
(cāranāṛamāya)
ഊത
(ūta)
Maldivian ކަލު
(kalu)
ހުޑު
(hudu)
ރަތް
(rai)

 
ނޫ
(nú)
ނޫ
(nú)
Maltese iswed
sewda
swed
abjad
bajda
bojod
ahmar
hamra
homor
isfar
safra
sofor
blu
ikhal
kahla
kohol
aħdar
ħadra
ħodor
kannella roża orinġ griż vjola
Malto मड़्ग्रो
(maṛgro)
बोग्लि
(bogli)
क़ैसो
(qēso)
बाल्को
(bālko)
  क़ेन्मिना
(qenminā)
Mam q’eq’ sak kyaq sak q’ent xew cha’x
Mamanwa maʔitɨm mapotik mararag madolaw   grin
Manado svartine hvetine kirmine sardine azurine yerkine
Manchu sahaliyan šaŋǧan fulǧan hūwaŋ kūke ñovanɣan
Mandinka fiŋ koy wuleeta netemunku buluu jambakere
Mansi semil woykan kelp wosʸr̃am etar̃xar̃ʸi nʸar̃pumospa
Manx doo bane
gial
jiarg
ruy
buigh
bwee
gorrym glass
eayney
geayney
dhoan bane-yiarg
blaa ruishagh
jiarg-bwee
oranje
lheeah gorrym jiarg
Māori mangu
pango
taitea
kura
whero
kōwhai purū
purū-pōuri (dk)
kikorangi
torouka
uriuri (dk)
pounamu (dk)
kahurangi (lt)
parāone
parauri
hāura
pūwhero-mā karaka kiwikiwi
kororā
pāpura
waiporoporo
poroporo
tawa
Mapudungun korɨ liɣ kelɨ čoθ kalʸfɨ karɨ
Maranao maitem mapotiq
matamenag
kanaoai
rigaq
marigaq
binaning
mabinaning
binabinaning (dk)
biro gadong
daragadong
ilem
kapega
maglimba
marogarem
kintem (dk)
limba (lt)
kalas korit
makorikorit
logem
marotem
inampai
kasomba
                       
Mari šem joškár nə́rɪnče kánde, örzá sə́wɪn, užár
Maxakalí mũnĩy   xutta ãta yĩxux yĩxux
Mehri ḥōwer ewbōn ʔōfer kerkēm heźáwr heźáwr
Mende tle aku aku nalo aflornivi apmarjere sembe
Micmac maqtewék wapék mekwék wisawék ewnék stoqonamúk
Mishmi
(má)
ल्यो
(lyô)
शि, ज़प्
(šî, záp)
मिङ्
(miŋ)
प्रु
(prú)
तङ
(táŋá)
Miskito siksa pihnka pauni lalahni sangni kurra
Mocoví n-aweʔ y-alagaḳ tok ḳoɲi l-kolaḳ r-adala
Mohawk kahòntsi kenraken onekwenhtara otsinekwar orònya ohonte
Mokilese soal korohro wahssa roangroang puluh krihn
Mongolian хар
(xar)
цагаан
(cagaan)
улаан
(ulaan)
шар
(šar)
хөх
(xöx)
ногоон
(nogoon)
хүрэн
(xüren)
ягаан
(yagaan)
улбар шар
(ulbar šar)
саарал
(saaral)
ягаан хөх
(yagaan xöx)
Morisyen nwar blan ruz zonn ble ver
Mundurukú i-ok i-rɨt i-pak-pɨk i-pekpɨk i-rem-rɨm -rem-rɨm
Nafusi zeṭṭåf mellel zuggaġ illéṣfår werraġ werraġ
Nahuatl tliltic iztac chichiltic coztic texotic xoxoctic chocolatic tlaztalehualli xochipalli nextic
Navajo tsídii ɬigai ɬich ííʔ ɬítso dootɬʔizh dootɬʔiazh
Nganasan heŋkə si̮rajkuo d’abakuo tod’akuo ŋind a˝si̮e ŋind a˝si̮e
Ninam uši šîe ĩe walapasipi palahi palahi
Nivaclé yakut klim yuk koxi yax yaka nipeway-ši
Nivkh vulvələǵ ḳonuǵ paḥla ĕvrḳvala təl ńlajsvalaǵ
Nogai кара
(kara)
ак
(ak)
кызыл
(kɪzɪl)
сары
(sarɪ)
коьк
(kөk)
коьк
(kөk)
Nomatsig’ga tsitari kátari kiraári kateríri kisaári kaniari
Nootka topk- λˀic̄- λˀiḥ- ḥic̄-pˀiq- kinˀic̄- kistaq-
Norwegian svart hvit rød gul blå grønn brun rosa oransje grå lilla
Novial nigri blanki redi gelbi Asuri verdi
Nyankore rukwiragura -rukwera -rukutukura -engere obwato kinyansi
Ocaina hɯ’tóːfɯ furąña tsíːo bóːra moxóːso hiáː’o
                       
Occitan negre
negra
blanc/a roge
roja
jaune blau
blava
blu
verd/a brun/a ròse
ròsa
irange gris violet/a
O'odham s-cuk s-toha
s-tohă
s-wegi
s-wegĭ
s-oam s-añi:lmagi
s-ce:dagi
s-ce:dagi
s-cu:dagĭ
s-kubjuwi s-wegĭ s-nalasmagĭ s-ko:magi s-u:dwismagi
Oneida -aˀswʌˀt- -wiskliyo- onikwʌ́htalaˀ otsínkwal olú·yaˀ awʌ·lá
Orejón nea bo- ma sʋñohaihʋ̨ bodi hą bodi hą
Oriya କଳା (kaḷā) ଧଳା (dhaḷā) ନାଲି (nāli) ହଳଦୀଆ (haḷadī'ā) ନୀଳ (nīḷa) ସବୁଜ (sabuja) ମାଟିଆ (māṭi'ā)     ଧୂଷର (dhūṣara)  
Ossetic sau urs sɪrx bur ærwxwɪz c̣æx
Otomi mboi t'axi theni k'ast'í íxki k'angí dëjü
möxo
noxa nanxa 'bospí kuhu
Páez khũč čihme beh lem c̄ẽy c̄ẽy
Palauan bechachás becheleléu bekerkárd bibrúrek mellemáu begendelabib
Panare tɨ-puku-re tamuʔɲe t-ukin-ke t-ukin-ke t-akuˀya-ke t-akuˀya-ke
Papiamentu pretu blanku kòrá geel, hel blau berdè
Pashto تور
(tor)
سپينرنگہ
(spinranga)
سور
(sur)
ژېړ
(žer̥)
شين
(šin)
شين
(šin)
نسواري
(neswarey)
ګلابي
()
نا رنجې
(na renj)
خاكي
(khakey)
ارغواني
(areghewaney)
Paumarí bara- bokho- dana- notxoro- koriki ajamo-
Pazeh dərəxə́n isiláu lubaːhiŋ tabaːrák turulich maŋa ːyáh
Persian
(Farsi)
سياه
(siyāh)
سفيد
(sefīd)
قرمز
(ɣermez)
زرد
(zard)
آبى
(ābi)
سبز
(sabz)
قهوه ای
(qahvei)
صورتی
(surati)
نارنجی
(nârenji)
خاکستری
(xâkestari)
توسی
(tusi) dk
بنفش
(banafš)
Pilagá l-eed-aʁaik y-apagaḳ toomaʁadaik yo-ḳowi malaʁad-aik d-adala
Pitta Pitta tympa warrhaputha kurrhi~ parrhu~ tympa kalyirrhka
Polci dzuŋi faali lagham maa mbetlim shuuɗi koore
Polish czarny biały czerwony żółty niebieski zielony brązowy różowy pomarańczowy szary fioletowy
purpurowy
Ponapean toantoal pwetepwet weitahta oaŋoahŋ mei pohndihpw
Portuguese preto
negro
branco vermelho
encarnado
rubro
amarelo
jalde
jalne
azul verde castanho (br)
marrom (pt)
rosa cor-de-laranja (pt)
cor-de-abóbora (pt)
laranja (br)
cinzento
cinza
pardo
gris
violeta
roxo
púrpura
Potawatomi muktĕ wapškyak mĕskwak wisawa wičapkwak eškbak
                       
Puinave -pik -bək -kət -hut -ãk -ãk
Pulaar ɓaleejo daneejo boɗeejo oolo bulo haako-
Punjabi ਕਾਲ਼ਾ
(kaḷā)
ਸਫ਼ੈਦ
(safaid)
ਲਾਲ
(lāl)
ਪੀਲ਼ਾ
(pīḷā)
ਨੀਲਾ
(nīlā)
ਹਰਾ
(harā)
Qawesqar semen aḳyefḳyar ḳyeyero tˀel arḳʰa arḳʰa
Quechua yana yuraq puka q’ellu anqas qomer chumppi
Quiché q̣eq səq kaq q̣ən rəš rəš
Rapanui kerekere teatea úraúra para moana uri
Roma(ni) kalo parno lolo čuto modro seleno
Romanian negru alb rosu galben albastru verde maro roz portocaliu gri violet
Romansh nair alv cotschen mellen blau verd
Rotokas katokato kaakaavo turuevira kese kuuva kokovara
Roviana muho keoro ziŋara meava balairi buma
Russian чёрный
(čornyj)
белый
(belyj)
красный
(krasnyj)
рыжий
(ryžj)
жёлтый
(žoltyj)
синий
(sinij) dk
голубой
(goluboj) lt
зелёный
(zeljonyj)
коричневый
(koričnevyj)
розовый
(rozovyj)
оранжевый
(oranževyj)
серый
(seryj)
фиолетовый
(fioletovyj) dk
сиреневый
(sirenevyj) lt
лиловый
(lilovyj)
Saanich nəqʾix̣ pəʾ nəkʷim lələč qʷəyʾəlʾ nəqʷey
Salar ɣara ax ɣyzil sary ɣux jäšil
Sardinian niedhu biancu arrubiu grogu asulu birdi
Scottish Gaelic dubh geal dearg
ruadh
buidhe gorm uaine
glas
donn pinc buidhe liath
glas
purpaidh
Secoya neakɔ pohaˀikɔ ma jaˀikɔ sɨ̨ˀñohaˀikɔ ñąhǫkɨˀyo ñąhǫkɨˀyo
Sei kōpoɬ kōχp čēɬ emasoɬ koiɬ koiɬ
Selkup šʸæḳɨ sər̃ɨ nʸar̃ḳɨ patɨlʸ nor̃ælʸ patɨlʸ
Sepedi so tšhweu hwibidu sehla tala  
Serbian Црн (m/sg)
Црна (f/sg)
Црно (n/sg)
Црни (m/pl)
Црне (f/pl)
Црна (n/pl)
Бео (m/sg)
Бела (f/sg)
Бело (n/sg)
Бели (m/pl)
Беле (f/pl)
Бела (n/pl)
Црвен (m/sg)
Црвена (f/sg)
Црвено (n/sg)
Црвени (m/pl)
Црвене (f/pl)
Црвена (n/pl)
Жут (m/sg)
Жута (f/sg)
Жуто (n/sg)
Жути (m/pl)
Жуте (f/pl)
Жута (n/pl)
Плав (m/sg)
Плава (f/sg)
Плаво (n/sg)
Плави (m/pl)
Плаве (f/pl)
Плава (n/pl)
Зелен (m/sg)
Зелена (f/sg)
Зелено (n/sg)
Зелени (m/pl)
Зелене (f/pl)
Зелена (n/pl)
Браон
Смеђ (m/sg) lt/m
Смеђа (f/sg) lt/m
Смеђе (n/sg) lt/m
Смеђи (m/pl) lt/m
Смеђе (f/sg) lt/m
Смеђа (f/sg) lt/m
Ружичаст (m/sg)
Ружичаста (f/sg)
Ружичасто (n/sg)
Ружичасти (m/pl)
Ружичасте (f/pl)
Ружичаста (n/pl)
Наранџаст (m/sg)
Наранџаста (f/sg)
Наранџасто (n/sg)
Наранџасти (m/pl)
Наранџасте (f/pl)
Наранџаста (n/pl)
Сив (m/sg)
Сива (f/sg)
Сиво (n/sg)
Сиви (m/pl)
Сиве (f/pl)
Сива (n/pl)
Љубичаст (m/sg)
Љубичаста (f/sg)
Љубичасто (n/sg)
Љубичасти (m/pl)
Љубичасте (f/pl)
Љубичаста (n/pl)
                       
Shimaore ndzilu ndjeu nzukundru dzindzano bile veri
Shipibo čеʂ̌е hoʂ̌o hošín panšín yankón šepa
Shompen kaʔing kagijāu kāteob kaʔugão komeniaŋ kãʔoõi
Shoshoni Duhu- Dosa- ai̱ŋabite čapite ai̱behibite buhibite
Sicilian níuru biancu russu giarnu bru virdi
Sinhala කළු
(kalu)
සුදු
(sudhu)
රතු
(rathu)
කහ
(kaha)
නිල්
(nil)
කොළ
(kola)
දුඹුරු
(dhumburu)
රෝස
(rosa)
තැඹිලි
(kambili)
අළු
(alu)
දම් (dham)
Slovak čierna biela červená žltá modrá zelená hnedá ružová oranžová šedá fialová
Slovenian črna bela rdeča rumena modra zelena rjava roza oranžna siva vijolična
Somali 𐒑𐒖𐒆𐒙𐒓
(madow)
𐒋𐒖𐒆
(cad)
𐒋𐒖𐒈
(cas)
𐒋𐒖𐒓𐒐𐒖𐒒
(cawlan)
𐒁𐒚𐒐𐒚𐒓𐒌
(buluug)
𐒋𐒖𐒌𐒛𐒇
(cagaar)
Sorbian čorny běƚy čerwjeny žoƚty módry zeleny
Spanish negro blanco rojo
colorado
amarillo azul verde moreno
marrón
castaño
color café
rosa color naranja
anaranjado
gris púrpura
Sranan blaka weit redi geri blaw grun broin lekti redi ólenisi kulei lila
Sudovian kirsnas gailas varmias geltainas gālimbias zal’jas
Suena anai gomu disa nozawai uwiwai buge
Sulung हिअेङकेलेङ्
(hieŋkeleŋ)
आर-युङ्
(ar-yuŋ)
आअि॔के॔रेअि
(aíkérei)
आसलुवा
(asoluwa)
आपि
(api)
आञाङ्
(añaŋ)
Swedish svart (c)
svart (n)
svarta (pl)
vit (c)
vitt (n)
vita (pl)
röd (c)
rött (n)
röda (pl)
gul (c)
gult (n)
gula (pl)
blå (c)
blått (n)
blåa (pl)
grön (c)
grönt (n)
gröna (pl)
brun (c)
brunt (n)
bruna (pl)
skär (c)
skärt (n)
skära (pl)
orange (c)
orangt (n)
oranga (pl)
grå (c)
grått (n)
gråa (pl)
violett (c)
violett (n)
violetta (pl)
Tajik sioħ safed surx zard kabud sabz
Talysh sijo sipi gɪzɪl zerd kavü havz
Tamil கருப்பு
(karuppu)
வெள்ளை
(veḷḷai)
சிவப்பு
(sivappu)
மஞ்சள்
(manjaḷ)
நீலம்
(nīlam)
பச்சை
(pakkai
கபிலம்
(kabilam)
இளஞ்சிவப்பு
(iḷanchivappu)
செம்மஞ்சள்
(semmanjaḷ)
நரை நிறம்
(narai niram)
ஊதா
(ūdā)
Tarahumara chócami rosácami lánami sitácami siyonamí siyónami
Tat сиегь
(sijә)
сипи
(sipi)
гъирмизи
(qirmizi)
зерд
(zәrd)
кову, ковре
(kovu, kovrә)
савз
(savz)
норинж, норунж
(norinç, norunç)
буз
(buz)
беневшегьи
(bәnәvşәi)
Tatar кара
(kara)
ак
(ak)
кызыл
(kɪzɪl)
сары
(sarɪ)
күк
(kük)
яшел
(jašel)
                       
Tausug ʔitum putiʔ pulah bianiŋ gadduŋ gadduŋ
Tehuelche ‘pˀol- ‘or- ‘ḳˀāpˀ- ‘wāytˀ- ‘ḳaltˀ- ‘xeštˀltˀe-
Telugu నలుపు
(nalupu)
తెలుపు
(telupu)
ఎరుపు
(erupu)
పచ్చ
(patstsa)
నీలము
(niilamu)
పచ్చ
(patstsa)
పాల
(paala)
చంద్రకావి
(chandra kaavi)
నారింజ
(naarinza)
మసర
(masara)
త్సామనము
(tsaamanamu)
Tetum metan mutin mean kinur azúl modok
Thai สีดำ
(see-dum)
สีขาว
(see-kharw)
สีแดง
(see-daeng)
สีเหลือง
(see-lhoerng)
สีฟ้า
(see-far)
สีน้ำเงิน
(see-num-ngern)
สีเขียว
(see-khiaw)
สีน้ำตาล
(see-num-tarn)
สีชมพู
(see-chom-poo)
สีส้ม
(see-som)
สีเทา
(see-tao)
สีม่วง
(see-muang)
Tibetan ནག་པོ་
(nagpo)
དཀར་པོ
(karpo)
དམར་པོ
(marpo)
སེར་པོ
(sarpo)
སྔོན་པོ
(ngonpo)
ལྗང་ཁུ
(liangkhu)
Tigrinya ጸሊም
(ṣɛlim)
ጻዕዳ
(ṣɛʕuda)
ቀይሕ
(qɛjḥ)
ቢጫ
(bič̣a)
ሰማያዊ
(sɛmajawi)
ሓምላይ
(ḥamlaj)
ལྗང་ཁུ
(gyamyug)
  ལི་ཝང
(liwang)
  མུ་མན
(muman)
Tlingit tˀoočˀ dleit léixˀʷ tlˀáatlˀ x̣éišxˀʷ sˀoow
Tofa қара
[qara]
ақ
[aq]
қызыл
[qɯzɯl]
сарығ
[sarɯɣ]
ақ-көк
[aq.kœk]
суғ-көк
[suɣ.kœk]
һүрең
[hʲyreŋ]
  ызыл-сарығ
[ɯzɯl.sarɯɣ]
бора
[bora]
қараңғы-көк
[qaraŋɣɯ.kœk]
Tok Pisin blakpela waitpela retpela yelopela blupela grinpela
Tongan ‘uli’uli hinehina kulokula engeenga lanu-moana lanu-mata
Trinitario -siso -hopu -lc̄ʸoro -yokko -ripu -heʔču
Trumai dat̯ tsi-tore tsi-omat tsi-aiixu tsi-auu ure ure ue..
Tsimshian gaax moks masgmʔiɬee ( ?) gwisgwaask maɬiitk
Tuki hiítiti puúm orí ówó dekétíi conáŋ burúm ecénécéné
Turkish siyah beyaz kırmızı sarı mavi yeşil kahve rengi pembe turuncu gri mor
Tuvaluan uli kèna kùla sèga pulú lanu launiu
kulini
- - ólenisi kulei -
Tuyuca yî’̃ bu’ti sõ’ã sõ’ã sɨ̃’bẽ sɨ̃’bẽ
Twi tuntum fufuo/fitaa k¡k¡¡ akok¡srade¢ bibire ahabammono dodoe¢ memen   nsonso beredum
¡tank¡k¡¡
afasebiri
afase¢
Ukrainian чорний
(čornyj)
бiлий
(bilyj)
червоний
(červonyj)
жовтий
(žovtyj)
синiй
(synij)
зелений
(zelenyj)
Urdu كالا
(kâlâ)
سفيد
(safed)
سرخ
(surkh)
پیلا
(pîlâ)
نيلا
(nîlâ)
هرا
(harâ)
بھورا
(bhûrâ)
گلابى
(gulâbî)
مالٹا
(malta)
سلیٹی
(sleṭî)
جامنی
(jâmnî)
                       
Uzbek қора
(qora)
оқ
(oq)
қизил
(qizil)
сариқ
(sariq)
кўк
(kŭk)
яшил
(jašil)
Veps must vauged rusked pakuine sini vihand
Vietnamese đen (𪓇) trắng (𤽸) đỏ (𣠶) màu vàng (黄) xanh (青) nâu hồng (紅) màu cam xám (藍) tím
Volapük blägik vietik ledik yelibik yulibik glünik
Võro must valgõ verrev kõllanõ sinine rohilinõ pruuń roosa pihlõnõ
orants
hall' lilla
Wai Wai či-čwi-ye tu-mut-we ču-ču-re tɨ-šewe-ke ti-swa-y tu-škukuyure
Waorani b̶ɩ̨ntamų nąmæ̨nta opatawæ̨ itækad’æ̨ mįntad’æ̨ mįntad’æ̨
Wapishana pʰudidi-ʔu ʾbarakʰa-ʔu wɨẓa-ʔu kʰidau-ʔu kʰuʔuri-ʔu kʰuʔuri-ʔu
Wayampi piyũ pilã tawa sɔ̃wĩ  
Welsh du gwyn coch melyn glas glas (nt)
gwyrdd (mm)
brown pinc oren llwyd
glas
piws
porffor
Witoto Mur. hitɨre userede edoroide borare hiduirede mokorede
Wolof n̂uul weex xonxa mbog   werta
Xhosa mnyama mhlophe bomvu lebhelu
mthubi
luhlaza luhlaza ntsundu pinki orenji ngwevu mfusa
Yakut xara ürüŋ kɪhɪl araɣas küöx küöx
Yapese kool weachweach roow maegchoel yarraq giriin
Yaruro burɛ-burɛ-a bɛrɛ-bɛrɛ-a koɛ-koɛ-a koɛ-koɛ-a tɔ-tɔ-a čʰã-čʰã
Yiddish שוואַרץ
(shvarts)
ווײַס
(vays)
רויט
(royt)
געל
(gel)
בלאָ
(blo)
גרין
(grin)
ברוין
(broyn)
ראָז
(roz)
מאַראַנץ
(marants)
גרוי
(groy)
לילאַ
(lila)
Yoruba dudú funfun pón pupa òfáfeàwò aláwö
Yucatec Maya 'ik saak chak k'an yax 'ik/chak/k'an chak k'an 'ik/saak -
Yuwana waleiʰte kʸabo tuwẽlõ tuwẽlõ lũʰtibo lũʰtibo
Zapotec Yatz. gasʁ šyiš ʐ̌ṉa gašə asul gaˀ
Zulu -mnyama -mhlope -ɓomvu -liphuzi -luhlaza -luhlaza
Zuñi kˀʷi kˀoha- šilowa- ɬupc̄ˀi- ɬiʔʔa ʔašena
                       

Many of the colours in this section were contributed by Victor Palermo. You can also download a PDF of those colours (1.5MB).

If you would like to make any corrections or additions to this page, or if you can provide recordings, please contact me.

It would be interesting if you could also indicate:

  • Which of the colour words are most commonly used
  • Whether any of them represent different colours than the English words
  • Whether any of them have special signicance in your culture, e.g. white for weddings and purity, green for envy, yellow for cowardice, etc.
  • Any interesting proverbs, sayings or other idiomatic expressions involving colours you know in your language(s).

Links

Lists of colours
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_colors

Research on colour words
http://www.putlearningfirst.com/language/research/colour_words.html

The colour of words
http://www.worldwidewords.org/articles/colour.htm

Colour idioms in different language
http://www.starchamber.com/colors/color-idioms.html

Japanese colours
http://nihongoup.com/blog/japanese-color-names/

Multilingual pages

Phrases | Numbers | Numerals | Colours | Time expressions | Kinship terms | Language names | Country names | Idioms | Proverbs | Tongue twisters | Signs | UDHR | Tower of Babel | Songs | Omniglot | Seven dwarfs | Zodiac signs | Computer parts


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