In this episode we’re looking into words for top, tip and related things in Celtic languages.
The Proto-Celtic word *barros means top, point or peak. Descendents in the modern Celtic languages include:
- barr [bˠɑːɾˠ] = tip, point, top, summit, upper part, surface, etc in Irish.
- bàrr [baːr̪ˠ] = apex, crest, crown, summit, tip, top, zenith, surface, etc in Scottish Gaelic
- baare = apex, cap, climax, end, point, summit, tip, top, crest (of a wave), etc n in Manx
- bar [bar] = head, top, summit, crest, bush, tuft or branch in Welsh
- barr = summit in Cornish
- barr = summit, surface, access or paroxysm in Breton [source]
Words from the same Proto-Celtic roots, via Gaulish and Latin, include baràz (bramble) in Romansh, and barra (garret, loft, upper platform) in Galician [source].
Incidentally, the unrelated Galician word barra (sandbank, bar, rod) possibly comes from a Gaulish word, via the Vulgar Latin barra [source].
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