Gan (赣语 / 江西话)

Gan, or Jiangxihua, is a variety of Chinese spoken by about 22 million people mainly in the Chinese province of Jiangxi (江西), and also in eastern Hunan (湖南), southeastern Hubei (湖北), southwestern Anhui (安徽) and northwestern Fujian (福建) provinces. It has some intelligibility with Mandarin and . Gan (赣) is an alternative name name for Jiangxi province.

Gan pronunciation (Pinfa romanization system)

Gan pronunciation (Pinfa romanization system)

The Pinfa romanization system was developed by Dr C. F. Lau, a.k.a. Liu Zin Fad (劉鎮發) for Hakka, and was later adapted for Gan and Xiang.

Gan has nine main dialects:

Download an alphabet chart for Gan (Excel)

Sample texts in Gan

春曉 孟浩然
春眠不覺曉,
處處聞啼鳥。
夜來風雨聲,
花落知多少?

Cun Hieu – Men Hau-len
cun mien but gok hieu,
cu cu mun ti tieu.
ya loi fung ui sang,
fa lok zi do seu?

人人生而自由,在志向跟权利上一律平等。渠们赋有理性跟良心,并理当以弟兄义气相对待。

Transliteration

Ngin ngin sang e ciiu, cai zi son gen kuanli song itlit piangdeng. Giemen fuiu lising gen liangsin, bing li dong i tixiang ngi ci siong ditai.

Translation

All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.
(Article 1 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights)

Books about Chinese characters and calligraphy
Mandarin, Shanghainese, Hokkien, Taiwanese and Cantonese learning materials

Videos in Gan

Links

Information about Gan
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gan_Chinese
http://zh.wikipedia.org/zh/赣语
http://www.ethnologue.com/14/show_language.asp?code=KNN
http://www.chiculture.net/0604/html/c09/0604c09.html

Sinitic (Chinese) languages

Dungan, Cantonese, Fuzhounese, Gan, Hakka, Mandarin, Puxian, Shanghainese, Taiwanese, Teochew, Wenzhounese, Xiang


Chinese pages

Written Chinese: Oracle Bone Script, Simplified characters, Bopomofo, Types of characters, Structure of written Chinese, Evolution of characters, How the Chinese script works

Spoken Chinese: Mandarin, Dungan, Wu, Shanghainese, Wenzhounese, Yue, Cantonese, Min, Taiwanese, Teochew, Fuzhounese, Puxian, Hakka, Xiang, Gan, How many people speak Chinese?

Other Chinese pages: Chinese numbers (數碼) | Chinese classifiers (量詞) | Video lessons | Electronic dictionaries | Chinese links | Books: Chinese characters and calligraphy | Cantonese | Mandarin, Shanghainese, Hokkien and Taiwanese

Semanto-phonetic writing systems

Akkadian Cuneiform, Ancient Egyptian (Demotic), Ancient Egyptian (Hieratic), Ancient Egyptian (Hieroglyphs), Chinese, Chữ-nôm, Cuneiform, Japanese, Jurchen, Khitan, Linear B, Luwian, Mayan, Naxi, Sawndip (Old Zhuang), Sui, Sumerian Cuneiform, Tangut (Hsihsia)

Other writing systems

Page last modified: 26.05.21


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