Colour words in many languages

The eleven colour words on this page have been indentified in various studies as the most common across most languages, although the actual colours represented by each of the colour words are not nescessarily exactly the same. For example, in Greek and Russian there are two words for blue corresponding to light blue and dark blue, and these colours are considered and perceived as separate. In other languages there are overlaps between blue, green and grey, or red, orange and brown.

The first six colours (black, white, red, yellow, blue, green) are most common, and the second five (brown, pink, orange, grey and purple) are not as common across languages.

Key to abbreviations: dk = dark, lt = light, m- = medium, lv = living things, mm = man-made things, m = masculine, f = feminine, n = neuter, c = common gender, pl = plural

You can find more colour words and notes on colours in individual languages by clicking on the language names that are links.

Language Black White Red Yellow Blue Green Brown Pink Orange Grey Purple
                       
Abaza квайчӀва шкӀвакӀва къапщы гӀвашь йчӀыхву
чӀыхь
хӀвыхӀвчва
йачӀва
удзышва
гӀвабджя чвапщ къапщыра
гӀачвыцӀххуа
гӀаважь
гӀвабджя чӀыхв
йачӀва
лилова
Abenaki mkazawi wôbi mkui wizôwi wlôwi askaskui wdamôôbame     wibgui minôbowi
Acehnese braʔa iǰu pirã iǰu prãna prãna          
Achuar-Shiwiar šuwín puhu kapántin yaŋkú wiŋkiá samék          
Achumawi hookíci tiwici taxtaxi makmaki samtal misuqadi          
Adyghe шӀуцӀэ фыжьы плъыжьы гъожьы шхъуантӀэ уцышъо хьаплъы шэплъы гъожьы- шэплъ ежьашъо,
шъо
шхъуантӀэ
Adaizan hatáwa testága pecásæt nístæk astónga nayétsa asikápœt yolkœpecásæt nistœpecásæt asiséwot pecasœstónga
Afrikaans swart blank
wit
rooi geel blou groen bruin
donker
pienk
ligrooi
oranje grys
vergrys
purper
Aguacatec q̣eq saq kyaq q̣an č̣aʔs č̣aʔs          
Aguaruna bukúsea čamig kapantu yagkú wigka samékbau          
Akhvakh бачӀидабе дашидабе гьиридабе тӀигьолӀи хвашуралӀи жомолӀибе хӀарилӀикьерели     зих̄адабе
х̄олабе
щакъилӀикьерёлӀи
Alabama locha hatka homma laana okchakko okchakko laana     istokhatka  
Albanian i zi
e zezë
i/e bardhë i kuq
e kuqe
i/e verdhë i/e kaltër
blu
i/e gjelbër
i/e jeshiltë (jeshile)
i/e blertë
i/e kaftë i/e pembë
rozë
i/e portokalltë
portokalli
i/e hirtë
gri
i/e vjollcë
i/e purpurtë
Aleut (Western) qaxchikdax̂ quhmax̂ uluudakux̂ chumnugix̂ chidĝix̂ chidĝaayux̂          
Amarakaeri wasik waˀereg wabed waey   wabura          
Amharic ጥቁር
(ṭɛqur)
ነጭ
(nɛč̣č̣)
ቀይ
(qɛyy)
ቢጫ
(beč̣a)
ሰማያዊ
(ṭɛqur semayawi)
አርንጓዴ
(arɛngwade)
ቡና አይነት
(bunaa 'ayenate)
ሮዝ
(roze)
ብርቱካን አይነት
(beretukaane 'ayenate)
ግራጫ
(geraachaa)
ሐምራዊ
(hhameraawi)
Andi beč̣edir hac̣a hiri čakːu xoči ḳodoḷiboso          
Arabic أسود
(aswad)
أبيض
(abyadh)
أحمر
(ahhmar)
أصفر
(assfar)
أزرق
(azraq)
أخضر
(akh-dhar)
بنّي
(bonniy)
وردي - زهريّ
(wardiy / zahriy)
برتقالي
(burtuqaaliy)
رمادي
(ramaadiy)
بنفسجيّ
(banafsajiy)
Armenian
(Eastern)
սէւ
(sev)
սպիտակ
(spitak)
կարմիր
(karmir)
դեղին
(deghin)
երկնագույն
(yerknagwyn)
կապույտ
(kapwyt) dk
կանաչ
(kanach)
դարչնագույն
(shaganakagwyn)
վարդագույն
(vardagwyn)
նարինջագույն
(narinjagwyn)
մոխրագույն
(mokhragwyn)
ալ կարմիր
(al karmir)
                       
Armenian
(Western)
սէւ
(sev)
սպիտակ
(sbidag)
կարմիր
(garmir)
դեղին
(teghin)
երկնագւյն
(yergnakwhn)
կապույտ
(gabwyd) dk
կանաչ
(ganach)
դարչնագույն
(darshnakwyn)
վարդագույն
(vartagwyn)
նարինջագույն
(narinjakwyn)
մոխրագույն
(mokhragwyn)
ալ կարմիր
(al garmir)
Aromanian negru albu aroş galbin murnu vearde cafiringhie        
Ashaninka poʦitari kitamarori poʦonaitaki kiteriri kisari kenaši          
Assamese ক’লা
(kóla)
বগা
(boga)
ৰঙা
(ronga)
হালধীয়া
(halodhia)
নীলা
(nila)
সেউজীয়া
(xeuzia)
মটীয়া
(motia)
গুলপীয়া
(ɡulopia)
কমলা
(komola)
ধোঁৱাবৰণীয়া (dhüaboronia) বেঙুনীয়া
(bengunia)
Asturian prietu blancu bermeyu mariellu azul verde marrón rosa naranxa buxu purple
Atayal makálux malávuʔ matanah magasúluʔ magaẓáguʔ magaẓáguʔ          
Aukan baaka weti lebi donu baaw guun          
Aymara čˀiyara xanḳˀu čupika ḳˀilʸu larama čˀuχɲa ch'umpi anti churi ch'ixi kulli
Ayoreo uta’ta-i ‘pororo-i kara-‘taai ‘sarẽ maaŋnataai ‘sarẽ          
Azerbaijani qara qɪrmɪzɪ sarɪ göy yaşɪl qəhvəyi çəhrayɪ narıncı boz tünd qırmızı
Balinese badeng putih barak
jengga (lt)
karah (lt)
kuning gadang gadang dadu
jengga (dk)
karah (dk)
dadu wanta ḍawuk hungu
Balti nākpo kārpo mārpo serpo khnam-raŋ sŋonpo          
Bari bachirry bary bokorany karikashukdury   birraikarany          
Basque beltz zuri gorri hori
beilegi
urdin berde marroi arrosa laranja grisa ubel
more
gorrindol
purpura
Bashkir ҡара
(qara)
аҡ
(aq)
ҡыҙыл
(qɪźɪl)
һары
(harɪ)
күк
(kük)
йәшел
(jəšəl)
көрән
(körän)
ал
(al)
  бүре
büre)
һоро
(horo)
 
Bassa kpɛ̃̀ púú zĩ-zã ɖaa-cànà   hwúe-dyèɖè          
Batak Karo mbiring mbulan megara megersing meratah meratah          
Belarusian чорны
(čorny)
белы
(b'ely)
чырвоны
(čyrvony)
жоўты
(žowty)
сіні
(sini)
зялоны
(z'alony)
карычневы
(karyčnievy)
ружовы
(ružovy)
аранжавы
(aranžavy)
шэры
(šery)
фіялетавы
(fijalietavy)
Bemba -fita -bûta -kashika umutuntulwa icafitulukila katapakatapa          
Bengali কালো
(kalo)
সাদা
(sādā)
লল
(lol)
হলুদ
(holuda)
পীত
(pīta)
নীল
(nīl)
সবুজ
(sabuja)
বাদামি
(badami)
কপিল
(kapila)
খোলাপি
(golapi)
পাটল
(pāṭala)
কমলা
(komala)
ধূসর
(dhūshor)
ছাই-রঙ
(chai-rong)
বেগুন
(beguni)
রক্তবর্ণ
(raktabarn)
অরুণ
(aruṇa)
                       
Bezhta цӀодоло гьаьлдийо цӀуддо
хоцӀцӀоук
уклиъис ничдийо гьелӀалъцоъос   шахилако   кешдийо
лъахдийо
гьаьлкаьндийо
чакьилагьас
Bokar याका
(yaka)
यापुङ्
(yapuŋ)
यालि॔नाग
(yalínago)
नगे
(noge)
दजे
(doje)
जाय
(jayo)
         
Breton du gwenn ruz melen glas glas
gwer
melegen
ruzdu
ruz orañjez
melenruz
gris
glas
glasruz
mouk
Budukh лагӀа лузу ал соза цӀору йашил шутӀри кьачӀу къиркьаб
нариндж
кьачӀу
сору
чал
 
Bugis malotoŋ mapute macəllaʔ maridi   makudaraʔ          
Bulgarian черен (m) (cheren)
черна (f) (černa)
черно (n) (černo)
черни (pl) (černi)
бял (m) (bjal)
бяла (f) (bjala)
бяло (n) (bjalo)
бели (pl) (beli)
червен (m) (červen)
червена (f) (červena)
червено (n) (červeno)
червени (pl) (červeni)
жълт (m) (žãlt)
жълта (f) (žãlta)
жълто (n) (žãlto)
жълти (pl) (žãlti)
син (m) (sin)
синя (f) (sinja)
синьо (n) (sinjo)
сини (pl) (sini)
зелен (m) (zelen)
зелена (f) (zelena)
зелено (n) (zeleno)
зелени (pl) (zeleni)
кафяв (m) (kafjav)
кафява (f) (kafjava)
кафяво (n) (kafjavo)
кафяви (pl) (kafjavi)
розов (m) (rozov)
розова (f) (rozova)
розово (n) (rozovo)
розови (pl) (rozovi)
оранжев (m) (oranžev)
оранжева (f) (oranževa)
оранжево (n) (oranževo)
оранжеви (pl) (oranževi)
сив (m) (siv)
сива (f) (siva)
сиво (n) (sivo)
сиви (pl) (sivi)
лилав (m) (lilav)
лилава (f) (lilava)
лилаво (n) (lilavo)
лилави (pl) (lilavi)
виолетов (m) (violetov)
виолетова (f) (violetova)
виолетово (n) (violetovo)
виолетови (pl) (violetovi)
Burmese နက်သော
(ne’ðɔ̀)
ြဖူေသာ
(hpyuðɔ̀)
နီေသာ
(niðɔ̀)
ဝါေသာ
(waðɔ̀)
ြပေသာ
(pyaðɔ̀)
စိမ်းေသာ
(sèiŋðɔ̀)
အညိုရောင်
(a nyo yaon)
  လိမ္မော္ရောင်
(lein mau yaon)
မီးခု္းရောင်
(mi go yaon)
ခရမ္းရောင်
(ka-yan yaon)
Burushaski mʌtum buruːm baːrdʊm ɪṣkərk   ɪṣqʌm          
Cakchiquel q̣eq səq kəq q̣ən rəš rəš          
Caló gallardó plasnó lolo batacolé julé bardorí          
Catalan negre blanc vermell
roig
groc blau verd marró
bru
rosa taronja gris porpra
púrpura
violat
morat
Catawba hawókči táːkče səka wuyantkare wu wayani          
Cavineña sewe-da paha-da pode-da hawa-da sawa-da sawa-da          
Cayuvava ɲataha paboreha tɨrɨrɨ darutæ yaβodahæ iβere          
Chácobo čɨkɨ hoṣ̌o piši šini niaβa niaβa          
                       
Chamorro áttilong á’paka agaga’ amariyu asút betde kulot chukulati kulot di rosa kulot kahet   lila
Chechen ‘ärža ḳajn ċen moža sijna bäccara боьмаша
(bömașa)
беса-ц1ениг
(besa-ċenig)
ц1еран бос
(ċeran bos)
сира
(sira)
лилула-сийна
(lilyla-siyna)
Cherokee ᎬᎿᎨ
(gvhnage)
ᎤᏁᎦ
(unega)
ᎩᎦᎨ
(gigage)
ᏓᎶᏂᎨ
(dalonige)
ᏌᎪᏂᎨ
(sagonige)
ᎢᏥᎢᏳᏍᏗ
(itsiiyusdi)
ᎤᏬᏗᎨ
(uwodige)
ᎦᎦᎨ ᎤᏍᎪᎸ
(gagage usgolv)
ᎠᏓᎶᏂᎨ
(adalonige)
ᎬᎿᎨ ᎤᏍᎪᎸ
(gvhnage usgolv)
ᎠᏛᎭᎵᎨ
(advhalige)
Chinese (Cantonese) 黑(色)
(hāk[sīk])
白(色)
(baahk[sīk])
紅(色)
(hùhng[sīk])
黄(色)
(wòhng[sīk])
藍(色)
(làahm[sīk])
綠(色)
(luhk[sīk])
咖啡色
(gafēsīk)
粉紅色
(fánhùhngsīk)
橙色
(cháangsīk)
灰色
(fūisīk)
紫色
(jísīk)
Chinese (Mandarin) 黑色 (hēisè) 白色 (báisè) 紅色 [红] (hóngsè) 黄色 (huángsè) 藍色 [蓝] (lánsè)
青 (qīng)
綠色 [绿] (lǜ sè)
青 (qīng)
棕色 (zōngsè)
褐色 (hèsè)
咖啡色 (kāfēisè)
粉紅色 (fěnhóngsè)
粉色 (fěnsè)
橙色 (chéngsè)
橘红色 (júhóngsè)
灰色 (huīsè) 紫色 (zǐsè)
Chinook klale t’kope pil kwakawak spooh pechugh       legléy  
Chipaya c̄oḳ čiwi lxok kˀilʸu larama čˀoxɲa          
Chiriguano -hũu tĩi pɨ̃ta iǰu howɨ howɨ          
Choctaw lusa tohbi homma lakna okchamali okchakko hotonlvkna okchakvlbi tulha̱koba okchamali okchakvlbi
Chontal (Tabasco) ik' sɨk chɨk k'ɨn ik'kutan yɨx         ik'pik'an
Chuj ḳiḳ sak čak ḳan yaš yaš          
Chuvash xura šură xĕrlĕ sară kăvak simĕs          
Cofan sįˀą totoa kïˀa kiyopa indzią indzią          
Colorado pa-ˀba-‘kã ɸi-ʰ’ˀbã ‘lu-ˀbã laʰ’ke-ˀbã loʰsĩ-ˀba loʰsĩ-ˀba          
Cora Nayar súˀumuaraˀa kuaina tɯpaˀu taúmua kuatúmua ħamuámua          
Cornish du gwynn rudh melyn glas glas (nt)
gwyrdh (mm)
gwer (mm)
dulas (dk)
gwerwyn (lt)
gell (lt)
gorm (dk)
gwynnrudh
kigliw
rudhvelyn loos
glas
purpur
glasrudh
Corsican neru biancu rossu giallu turchini verdi brunu
cerriu
rosa arancinu grisgiu viulettu
Creek lvstē hvtkē catē lanē holattē lanē oklanē catosē yvlahv
yvlahomv
sopahvtkē okcatē
Croatian crna bijela crvena žuta plava zelena smeđa ružičasta narančasta siva ljubičasta
Crow shipíte chía hísshe shíile shúa (dk)
shúaneaxe (lt)
bimmaáhchiia shíilishpite hísshineaxe shíilooshe chóose dakáakapkisshichichee
Czech černá bílá červená
rudá
žlutá modrá zelená hnědá růžová oranžová šedá
šedivá
fialová
Danish sort hvid rød gul blå grøn brun lyserød orange grå lilla
Deg Xinag dithizringh
dithitlˈits
liqˈuł dithiqˈizr litthugh łit hiqˈiy xinołyal xiqˈiy       ggoyh  
Dutch zwart wit rood geel blauw groen bruin roze oranje grijs paars
Dzoratâi nâi blyan rodze zauno blyû          
                       
Emberá paima tořo puřu kuara pãõãrã pãõãrã          
English black white red yellow blue green brown pink orange grey purple
Epena pʰãimaa tʰořoo pʰoree kʰuaraa pʰãwaraa pʰãwaraa          
Erza Mordvin r̃aužo ašo yaksʸtʸer̃ʸe ožo senʸ piže          
Estonian must valge punane kollane sinine roheline pruun roosa oranž hall lilla
Evenki karā ñuberī hulama siŋarīn noɣōn noɣōn          
Faroese svartur hvitur reyður gulur bláur grønur brúnur ljósareyður
nelikur
  gráur  
Filipino itim puti púla dilaw asul
bughaw
berde
lunti
luntian
tsokolate
kayumanggi
rosas dalandan abó
ábuhin
lilà
ube
Finnish musta valkoinen punainen keltainen sininen vihreä ruskea pinkki oranssi harmaa purppura
French noir blanc rouge jaune bleu vert marron
brun
rose orange gris violet
Frisian (West) swart wyt read giel blau grien brún rôze oranje griis pears
Galician negro branco vermella amarela azul verde marrón rosa laranja grises púrpura
Georgian შავი
(shavi)
თეთრი
(thethri)
წითელი
(c’itheli)
ყვითელი
(qvitheli)
ლურჯი
(lurji) dk
ცისფერი
(cispheri) lt
მწვანე
(mc’vane)
ყავისფერი
(qavispheri)
ვარდისფერი
(vardispheri)
ნარინჯისფერი
(narinjispheri)
ფორთოხლისფერი
(phorthokhlispheri)
ნაცრისფერი
(nacrispheri)
რუხი
(rukhi)
იისფერი
(iispheri)
იასამნისფერი
(iasamnispheri)
German schwarz weiß rot gelb blau grün braun rosa orange grau lila
violett
Ghulfan úri oɽí kɛ́le baɼɽá úri te          
Gilaki siya səfid sorx zərd arši sebz          
Goajiro mɨtsia kasu-to-ľu išosɨ maľoukati-si- wɨitɨ-si wɨitɨ-si          
Greek μαύρο
(mavro)
άσπρο
(aspro)
κόκκινο
(kokkino)
κίτρινο
(kitrino)
μπλε
(ble) m-lt
γαλάζιο
(galazio) m-dk
πράσινο
(prasino)
καφέ
(kafé)
ροζ
(roz)
πορτοκαλί
(portokalí)
γκρι
(gri)
μοβ
(mov)
Gupapuyngu gurrngan gaywarangu   miku'mirri milkuminymirri gurrngan miku'mirri      
Guarani morotĩ pytã sa'yju hovy morongy hũngy pytãngy   atĩva pytaũ
Gujarati કાળો
(kaaro)
સફેદ
(safed)
લાલ
(laal)
પીળો
(peero)
ભૂરો - dk
(bhuro)
વાદળી - lt
(vaadaree)
લીલો
(leelo)
બદામી
(badaamee)
ગુલાબી
(gulaabee)
નારંગી
(naarangee)
ભૂખરો
(bhukharo)
જાંબલી
(jaambalee)
Hausa bak̑ī farī rawaya shuɗī algashi mai ruwan k'asa ja-ja mai ruwan lemo mai ruwan toka-toka launin jar garura
                       
Hawaiian ‘ele’ele ke’oke’o ‘ula’ula
wena
melemele uliuli ‘ooma’oma’o palaunu ‘aakala ‘aalani ‘aahinahina poni
Hebrew שחור
(shakhor)
לבן
(lavan)
אדום
(adom)
צהוב
(tsahov)
כחול
dk (kakhol)
תכול / תכלת
lt (takhol / tekhelet)
ירוק
(yarok)
חום
(khoom)
ורוד
(varod)
כתום
(katom)
אפור
(afor)
סגול
(sagol)
Hindi काला
(kālā)
सफेद
(saphed)
लाल
(lāl)
पीला
(pīlā)
नीला
(nīlā)
हरा
(harā)
भूरा
(bhūrā)
गुलाबी
(gulābī)
नारंगी
(nārangī)
धूसर
(dhūsara)
बैंगनी
(bainganī)
Hmong xim dub xim dawb xim liab xim daj xim xiav xim ntsuab xim kas fes xim liab damb muag xim maj kiab xim txho xim paj yeeb
Ho henḍe punḍi ( ?) sasaŋleká gádeḍ tasadleká          
Huastec eḥeknʔi ṭakniʔ tsakniʔ manuʔ yašušuul yašušuul          
Hungarian fekete fehér piros
vörös
sárga kék zöld barna rózsaszín narancssárga
narancs
szürke lila
Icelandic svartur hvítur rauður gulur blár grænn brúnn bleikur appelsínugulur grár fjólublár
Igbo oji ọchá mmẹ-mmẹ
uhie
édo
ògùlù
yélo
alulu
blu
ọchá ndù ńchárá
àkpammanụ
brawnu
  ọchá mmanu mmanu
orenji
ntụ ntụ
gre
òdòdò
Indonesian hitam putih merah kuning biru hijau coklat merah muda oranye abu abu ungu
Ingush Ӏаьржа кӀай цӀе ӀажагаӀ сийна
сигала бесса
баьццара мора сийрда-цӀе цӀий бесса ӀажагӀа
апельсина бесса
сира шаькъа бесса
Irish (Gaelic) dubh bán dearg buí gorm glas (lv)
uaine (mm)
donn bándearg oráiste
flannbhuí
liath
glas
corcra
Italian nero bianco rosso giallo azzurro (lt)
blu
verde marrone rosa arancione grigio viola
Itonama kawolo rapɨhna i-dahke o-were wanili kabalaʔi          
Itza’ boš sək čək ḳən yaʔaš ḳiḳ          
Ixil q̣eq saq kaq q̣an čaʔs čaʔs          
Japanese
(kuro)

(shiro)

(aka)

(ki)
ブリュー
(buryū)
青 (ao)

(midori)
茶色
(chairo)
桃色
(momoiro)
オレンジ
(orenji)
橙色
(daidaiiro)
灰色
(haiiro)
鼡色 (dk)
(nezumiiro)

(murasaki)
Javanese ireng / cemeng putih / pethak abang / abrit kuning biru ijo / ijem coklat / soklat jambon oranye / kuning télô abu-abu ungu / wungu / kembang térông
Jèrriais nièr blianc rouoge jaune bliu vèrt brun rose orange gris poupre
lîlas
                       
Kadazandusun Oitom Opurak Aragang Osilou Obulou
Otomou
Otomou Obuhog-buhog
Sukulat
Buragang Orin Obuhog Osoug
Kaingang kupri kɔsɔŋ mãrɛru təŋ təŋ          
Kannada ಕಪ್ಪು
(kappu)
ಬಿಳಿ
(biḷi)
ಕೆಂಪು
(kempu)
ಹಳದಿ
(haḷadi)
ನೀಲಿ
(nīli)
ಹಸಿರು
(hasiru)
ಕಂದು
(kandu)
ಗುಲಾಬಿಬಣ್ಣ
(gulaabibaṇṇa)
ಕಿತ್ತಳೆಬಣ್ಣ
(kittaḷe baṇṇa)
ಬೆಳ್ಳಿ
(beḷḷi)
ರಜತ
(rajata)
ನೇರಲೆಬಣ್ಣ
(nērallebaṇṇa)
Kapampangan matuling maputi malutu culul ebun asul (blue)
asul marino (dark blue)
berdi culul chuclati rosas culul salmon culul abu culul ubi
Karajá iIəbɨ ura isɔ ( ) ľɨre ľɨre          
Karakalpak қара
(ḳara)
қуу
(kuu)
қырмызы
(kɪrmɪzɪ)
сары
(sarɪ)
көк
(kök)
жасыл
(žasɪl)
         
Karelian мусту
(mustu)
валгей
(valgej)
рускей
(ruskej)
келдайнə
(keldajnə)
синнинэ
(sinninĕ)
виханду
(vixandu)
         
Karipuna nég blã huj jón ble viat          
Kashubian czôrny biôłi czerwiôny żôłti mòdri (lt)
granatny (dk)
zelony bruny różewi apfelzynowi szari lilewi (lt)
pùrpùrny (dk)
Katcha u’du’du aʔbasa otɛ agerikiri u’du’du ageri          
Kekchi q̣eq saq kaq ḳan raš raš          
Kharia karhaini oselḍaˀ gola, joŋgor lila, piyar lil, nila hariyar          
Khinalug мичӀаь хьырыцӀ ал
ццыма
кӀушкӀула цӀарцӀар гог
сыб
боьнуьш
къовур
михаьг
  махагула боз
даьмиргоьг
чернил
Khmer ព្រញូញ ខ្មៅ
(prɔɲuːɲ. kʰmaw)

(sɒː)
រត្ត
(rɔɒttaˀ)
ស្កូយ, ហវី
(skuəy, hariˀ)
ខៀវ
(kʰiəw)
ស្រង឵ត
(srɒŋat)
         
Kiribati roroo mainaina uraura babooboo mawaawa kiriin          
Komi sʸöd edžɩd gör̃d kolʸkviž löz vež          
Konkani काळे
(kāle)
धवे
(dhave)
तंन्डे
(tãḍe)
हळ्दुवे
(haḷduve)
नीळ
(nīla)
पाच्वे
(pāčve)
तांबझे
(tānbajhe)
गुलाबी
(gulābī)
नारंगी
(nārangī)
गोबरो
(gobaro)
जांभळो
(jānbhaḷo)
Korean 검은 색
(geo-meun-saek)
하얀 색
(ha-yan-saek)
빨간 색
(ppal-kkan-saek)
노란 색
(no-ran-saek)
파란 색
(pa-ran-saek)
녹 색
(nok-saek)
갈 색
(gal-saek)
분홍 색
(bun-hong-saek)
오렌지 색
(o-ren-ji-saek)
회 색
(hoe-saek
보라 색
(bo-ra-saek)
Koromfe bĩn- pɔ̃n- sɔm- kɔ̃ɔ̃d- kɛ̃ɛ̃ kɛ̃ɛ̃          
Kpelle tɛi kole kpɔlu kpeleŋ mu-tɛi-ɛɛ laa-ŋunu          
Kumyk къара
(ḳara)
акъ
(aḳ)
къызыл
(ḳɪzɪl)
сары
(sarɪ)
кёк
(kök)
жасыл
(žasɪl)
         
                       
Kunza atchi tarar lari ckaala selti ckaari          
Kurdish yê reş yê sipî yê sor yê zer yê şîn yê kesk          
Kuwi କଅଋିନି
(kāṛini)
ପଅଣ୍ଡ୍ରି, ଓେଲ୍ଲ
(pāṇḍri, vella)
ଲୋନ୍ଗ
(longi)
ହିଇଗିରି
(hīṅgiri)
ନିଲ୍ଯ
(nilya)
ଅଅକୁପଚ୍ଚ
(ākupacca)
         
Ladino פריטו
(preto)
בלאנקו
(blanko)
בירמיג׳ו
(bermežo)
אמארײאו
(amariyo)
אזול
(azul)
ב׳ידרי
(veđre)
         
Lakota sápa ská šá tɦó
tɦósaŋ (lt)
tɦósapa (dk)
tɦózi
tɦó (dk)
ǧí šásaŋ zíša ɦóta
sáŋ (lt)
tɦóša
Lamut xakarīn njōbatə̄ xulanjā xel čulbanjā čulbanjā          
Lao ດຳ
(dàːm)
ກາວ
(kǒw)
ສີແໆງ
(sǐ dàaŋ)
ສີເຫລືອງ
(sǐ leuàn)
ສີຟ້າ
(sǐ fâ)
ສີຂຽວ
(sǐ kiǎw)
         
Latvian melns balts sarkans dzeltens zils zaļš brūns rozā oranžs pelēks purpursarkana
Lengua pais-iam -mopa-iya -yithwas-e -yatiktama -yapakmate -yapakmate          
Limbu ᤁᤢᤔᤰᤗ
(kumakla)
ᤁᤢᤓᤨᤖ
(kubhɔra)
ᤁᤢᤜᤧᤳᤗ
(kuhetla)
ᤀᤨᤶᤍᤱᤒ
(omdaŋba)
ᤛᤜᤡᤀᤸ
(sahiʔl)
ᤁᤢᤜᤡᤰᤗ
(kuhikla)
         
Lithuanian juoda balta raudona geltona mėlyna žalia ruda rožinė oranžinė pilka violetinė
Lombard négher bianch ros zald blö verd marú
maron
roza aranciú gris viola
Luangiua uliʔuli maʔiŋi mea helo pala kea          
Luba fitùtùu -tòòke -kunze kàlaabi -a cyuluulu lubìšibiši          
Luxembourgish schwaarz wäiss rout giel blo gréng brong rosa orange gro mof
Macedonian црн (m)
црна (f)
црно (n)
црни (pl)
бел (m)
бела (f)
бело (n)
бели (pl)
црвен (m)
црвена (f)
црвено (n)
црвени (pl)
жолт (m)
жолта (f)
жолто (n)
жолти (pl)
син (m)
сина (f)
сино (n)
синиv (pl)
зелен (m)
зелена (f)
зелено (n)
зелени (pl)
кафеав (m)
кафеава (f)
кафеаво (n)
кафеави (pl)
розев (m)
розева (f)
розево (n)
розеви (pl)
портокалов (m)
портокалова (f)
портокалово (n)
портокалови (pl)
сив (m)
сива (f)
сиво ()
сиви (pl)
виолетов (m)
виолетова (f)
виолетово (n)
виолетови (pl)
Machiguenga potsiari kútari kiraári kiteri kamachonkari            
Macushi arikkɨtun aimutun suuyu aʔmutun rora rora          
Maia gigir usua kedat aligam maribuka koborum          
Malagasy mainty fotsy mena vonivony manga maitso volon-tany
(colour of soil)
mavokely
(slightly yellow)
volom-boasary
(orange [fruit] colour)
volon-davenona
(colour of ash)
volomparasy
(colour of fleas)
Malay hitam putih merah kuning biru hijau warna perang
warna coklat
merah jambu warna oren
jingga
kelabu ungu
Malayalam കറപ്പു
(karappu)
വെളുപ്പു
(veluppu)
ചെമപ്പു
(cemappu)
മഞ
(manya)
നീല
(nīla)
പച്ച
(pacca)
കാക്കി
(kākki)
പാടലവര്‍ണ്ണം
(pādalavarnnam)
കിര്‍മ്മീരം
(kirmeeram)
ചാരനിറമാ
(cāranāṛamāya)
ഊത
(ūta)
Maldivian ކަލު
(kalu)
ހުޑު
(hudu)
ރަތް
(rai)

 
ނޫ
(nú)
ނޫ
(nú)
         
                       
Maltese iswed
sewda
swed
abjad
bajda
bojod
ahmar
hamra
homor
isfar
safra
sofor
blu
ikhal
kahla
kohol
aħdar
ħadra
ħodor
kannella roża orinġ griż vjola
Malto मड़्ग्रो
(maṛgro)
बोग्लि
(bogli)
क़ैसो
(qēso)
बाल्को
(bālko)
  क़ेन्मिना
(qenminā)
         
Mam q’eq’ sak kyaq sak q’ent xew cha’x          
Mamanwa maʔitɨm mapotik mararag madolaw   grin          
Manado svartine hvetine kirmine sardine azurine yerkine          
Manchu sahaliyan šaŋǧan fulǧan hūwaŋ kūke ñovanɣan          
Mandinka fiŋ koy wuleeta netemunku buluu jambakere          
Mansi semil woykan kelp wosʸr̃am etar̃xar̃ʸi nʸar̃pumospa          
Manx doo bane jiarg
ruy
bwee gorrym glass dhoan bane-yiarg jiarg-bwee lheeah gorrym jiarg
Māori mangu
pango
taitea
whero
kura
kōwhai purū
ōrangi
kikorangi
kahurangi
pukepoto (dk)
purū-pōuri (dk)
kākāriki
moata (lt)
karera (lt)
kārerarera (lt)
kākaka
parāone
parauri
hāura
hauratea (lt)
hāurauri (dk)
māwhero
pūwhero-mā
māwherotea (lt)
karaka
karakatea (lt)
mōhinahina
kiwikiwi
pāpura
tawa
waiporoporo
Mapudungun korɨ liɣ kelɨ čoθ kalʸfɨ karɨ          
Maranao maitem mapotiq
matamenag
kanaoai
rigaq
marigaq
binaning
mabinaning
binabinaning (dk)
biro gadong
daragadong
ilem
kapega
maglimba
marogarem
kintem (dk)
limba (lt)
kalas korit
makorikorit
logem
marotem
inampai
kasomba
Marathi काळा
(kāḷā)
पांढऱा
(pāndhara)
लाल
(lāla)
पिवळा
(pivaḷā)
निळा
(niḷā)
हिरवा
(hiravā)
तपकिरी
(tapakirī)
गुलाबी
(gulābī)
कॆशरी
(kessri)
राखाडी
(rākhāḍī)
जांभळा
(jāmbhaḷā)
Mari šem joškár nə́rɪnče kánde, örzá sə́wɪn, užár          
Maxakalí mũnĩy   xutta ãta yĩxux yĩxux          
Mehri ḥōwer ewbōn ʔōfer kerkēm heźáwr heźáwr          
Mende tle aku aku nalo aflornivi apmarjere sembe          
Micmac maqtewék wapék mekwék wisawék ewnék stoqonamúk          
Mishmi
(má)
ल्यो
(lyô)
शि, ज़प्
(šî, záp)
मिङ्
(miŋ)
प्रु
(prú)
तङ
(táŋá)
         
Miskito siksa pihnka pauni lalahni sangni kurra          
Mocoví n-aweʔ y-alagaḳ tok ḳoɲi l-kolaḳ r-adala          
Mohawk kahòn:tsi karà:ken onekwènhtara otsí:nekwahr oròn:ia óhonte athéhsa washèn:ra otia'rèn:ta ata'kenhróhkwa arihwa'konhnéha
                       
Mokilese soal korohro wahssa roangroang puluh krihn          
Mongolian хар
(xar)
цагаан
(cagaan)
улаан
(ulaan)
шар
(šar)
хөх
(xöx)
ногоон
(nogoon)
хүрэн
(xüren)
ягаан
(yagaan)
улбар шар
(ulbar šar)
саарал
(saaral)
ягаан хөх
(yagaan xöx)
Morisyen nwar blan ruz zonn ble ver          
Mundurukú i-ok i-rɨt i-pak-pɨk i-pekpɨk i-rem-rɨm -rem-rɨm          
Nafusi zeṭṭåf mellel zuggaġ illéṣfår werraġ werraġ          
Nahuatl tliltic iztac chichiltic coztic texotic xoxoctic chocolatic tlaztalehualli xochipalli nextic  
Navajo tsídii
łizhin
łigai łichxíí’
diłhiłgo łichíí’ (dk)
łitso
diniltso (lt)
dootɬʔizh
yágo dootł’izh
diłhiłgo dootł’izh (dk)
diniltł’izh (lt)
dootł’izh
ch’il dootł’izh
ch’ilgo dootł’izh
tátł’idgo dootł’izh
diniltł’izh (lt)
dibéłchí’í
yishtłizh
dinilzhin (dk)
dinilchíí łitsxo
diniltsxo (lt)
łibá
dinilbá (lt)
tsédídééh
Nganasan heŋkə si̮rajkuo d’abakuo tod’akuo ŋind a˝si̮e ŋind a˝si̮e          
Ninam uši šîe ĩe walapasipi palahi palahi          
Nivaclé yakut klim yuk koxi yax yaka nipeway-ši          
Nivkh vulvələǵ ḳonuǵ paḥla ĕvrḳvala təl ńlajsvalaǵ          
Nogai кара
(kara)
ак
(ak)
кызыл
(kɪzɪl)
сары
(sarɪ)
коьк
(kөk)
коьк
(kөk)
         
Nomatsig’ga tsitari kátari kiraári kateríri kisaári kaniari          
Nootka topk- λˀic̄- λˀiḥ- ḥic̄-pˀiq- kinˀic̄- kistaq-          
Norwegian svart hvit rød gul blå grønn brun rosa oransje grå lilla
Novial nigri blanki redi gelbi Asuri verdi          
Nyankore rukwiragura -rukwera -rukutukura -engere obwato kinyansi          
Ocaina hɯ’tóːfɯ furąña tsíːo bóːra moxóːso hiáː’o          
Occitan negre
negra
blanc/a roge
roja
jaune blau
blava
blu
verd/a brun/a ròse
ròsa
irange gris violet/a
O'odham s-cuk s-toha
s-tohă
s-wegi
s-wegĭ
s-oam s-añi:lmagi
s-ce:dagi
s-ce:dagi
s-cu:dagĭ
s-kubjuwi s-wegĭ s-nalasmagĭ s-ko:magi s-u:dwismagi
Oneida -aˀswʌˀt- -wiskliyo- onikwʌ́htalaˀ otsínkwal olú·yaˀ awʌ·lá          
Orejón nea bo- ma sʋñohaihʋ̨ bodi hą bodi hą          
Odia କଳା (kaḷā) ଧଳା (dhaḷā) ନାଲି (nāli) ହଳଦୀଆ (haḷadī'ā) ନୀଳ (nīḷa) ସବୁଜ (sabuja) ମାଟିଆ (māṭi'ā)     ଧୂଷର (dhūṣara)  
Ossetic sau urs sɪrx bur ærwxwɪz c̣æx          
Otomi mboi t'axi theni k'ast'í íxki k'angí dëjü
möxo
noxa nanxa 'bospí kuhu
Páez khũč čihme beh lem c̄ẽy c̄ẽy          
Palauan bechachás becheleléu bekerkárd bibrúrek mellemáu begendelabib          
Panare tɨ-puku-re tamuʔɲe t-ukin-ke t-ukin-ke t-akuˀya-ke t-akuˀya-ke          
Papiamento pretu blanku kòrá geel, hel blou berdè maron ros orañe shinishi lila
                       
Pashto تور
(tor)
سپينرنگہ
(spinranga)
سور
(sur)
ژېړ
(žer̥)
شين
(šin)
شين
(šin)
نسواري
(neswarey)
ګلابي
()
نا رنجې
(na renj)
خاكي
(khakey)
ارغواني
(areghewaney)
Paumarí bara- bokho- dana- notxoro- koriki ajamo-          
Pazeh dərəxə́n isiláu lubaːhiŋ tabaːrák turulich maŋa ːyáh          
Persian
(Farsi)
سياه
(siyāh)
سفيد
(sefīd)
قرمز
(ɣermez)
زرد
(zard)
آبى
(ābi)
سبز
(sabz)
قهوه ای
(qahvei)
صورتی
(surati)
نارنجی
(nârenji)
خاکستری
(xâkestari)
توسی
(tusi) dk
بنفش
(banafš)
Pilagá l-eed-aʁaik y-apagaḳ toomaʁadaik yo-ḳowi malaʁad-aik d-adala          
Pitta Pitta tympa warrhaputha kurrhi~ parrhu~ tympa kalyirrhka          
Polci dzuŋi faali lagham maa mbetlim shuuɗi koore          
Polish czarny biały czerwony żółty niebieski zielony brązowy różowy pomarańczowy szary fioletowy
purpurowy
Ponapean toantoal pwetepwet weitahta oaŋoahŋ mei pohndihpw          
Portuguese preto
negro
branco vermelho
encarnado
rubro
amarelo
jalde
jalne
azul verde castanho (br)
marrom (pt)
rosa cor-de-laranja (pt)
cor-de-abóbora (pt)
laranja (br)
cinzento
cinza
pardo
gris
violeta
roxo
púrpura
Potawatomi muktĕ wapškyak mĕskwak wisawa wičapkwak eškbak          
Puinave -pik -bək -kət -hut -ãk -ãk          
Pulaar ɓaleejo daneejo boɗeejo oolo bulo haako-          
Punjabi ਕਾਲਾ
(kālā)
ਚਿੱਟੇ
(ciṭē)
ਲਾਲ
(lāla)
ਪੀਲੇ
(pīlē)
ਨੀਲਾ
(nīlā)
ਹਰੇ
(harē)
ਭੂਰਾ
(bhūrā)
ਗੁਲਾਬੀ
(gulābī)
ਸੰਤਰੀ
(satarī)
ਸਲੇਟੀ
(salēṭī)
ਜਾਮਨੀ
(jāmanī)
Qawesqar semen aḳyefḳyar ḳyeyero tˀel arḳʰa arḳʰa          
Quechua yana yuraq puka q’ellu anqas qomer chumppi        
Quiché q̣eq səq kaq q̣ən rəš rəš          
Rapa Nui 'uri-'uri tea-tea mea-mea touamamari
para
moana ritomata 'inika henga-henga pua toua
para rautī
ure 'omo
'eo-'eo  
Romani kalo parno lolo čuto modro seleno          
Romanian negru alb rosu galben albastru verde maro roz portocaliu gri violet
Romansh (Grischun) alaussa alv cotschen (m) cotschna (f) mellen (m)
melna (f)
blau verd brin rosa oranscha grisch violet (m)
violetta (f)
Rotokas katokato kaakaavo turuevira kese kuuva kokovara          
Roviana muho keoro ziŋara meava balairi buma          
Russian чёрный
(čornyj)
белый
(belyj)
красный
(krasnyj)
рыжий
(ryžj)
жёлтый
(žoltyj)
синий
(sinij) dk
голубой
(goluboj) lt
зелёный
(zeljonyj)
коричневый
(koričnevyj)
розовый
(rozovyj)
оранжевый
(oranževyj)
серый
(seryj)
фиолетовый
(fioletovyj) dk
сиреневый
(sirenevyj) lt
лиловый
(lilovyj)
                       
Saanich nəqʾix̣ pəʾ nəkʷim lələč qʷəyʾəlʾ nəqʷey          
Salar ɣara ax ɣyzil sary ɣux jäšil          
Sango vukö vurü (tî) bengbä kambîri tutûu ngû-ngunzä bengbä rôze ndîmo mburuwâ bordöo
Sardinian nigheddu biancu ruju grogu blu birde tabachìnu rosa aranzu murru  
Scottish Gaelic dubh geal dearg
ruadh
buidhe gorm uaine
glas
donn pinc buidhe liath
glas
purpaidh
Secoya neakɔ pohaˀikɔ ma jaˀikɔ sɨ̨ˀñohaˀikɔ ñąhǫkɨˀyo ñąhǫkɨˀyo          
Sei kōpoɬ kōχp čēɬ emasoɬ koiɬ koiɬ          
Selkup šʸæḳɨ sər̃ɨ nʸar̃ḳɨ patɨlʸ nor̃ælʸ patɨlʸ          
Sepedi so tšhweu hwibidu sehla tala            
Serbian Црн (m/sg)
Црна (f/sg)
Црно (n/sg)
Црни (m/pl)
Црне (f/pl)
Црна (n/pl)
Бео (m/sg)
Бела (f/sg)
Бело (n/sg)
Бели (m/pl)
Беле (f/pl)
Бела (n/pl)
Црвен (m/sg)
Црвена (f/sg)
Црвено (n/sg)
Црвени (m/pl)
Црвене (f/pl)
Црвена (n/pl)
Жут (m/sg)
Жута (f/sg)
Жуто (n/sg)
Жути (m/pl)
Жуте (f/pl)
Жута (n/pl)
Плав (m/sg)
Плава (f/sg)
Плаво (n/sg)
Плави (m/pl)
Плаве (f/pl)
Плава (n/pl)
Зелен (m/sg)
Зелена (f/sg)
Зелено (n/sg)
Зелени (m/pl)
Зелене (f/pl)
Зелена (n/pl)
Браон
Смеђ (m/sg) lt/m
Смеђа (f/sg) lt/m
Смеђе (n/sg) lt/m
Смеђи (m/pl) lt/m
Смеђе (f/sg) lt/m
Смеђа (f/sg) lt/m
Ружичаст (m/sg)
Ружичаста (f/sg)
Ружичасто (n/sg)
Ружичасти (m/pl)
Ружичасте (f/pl)
Ружичаста (n/pl)
Наранџаст (m/sg)
Наранџаста (f/sg)
Наранџасто (n/sg)
Наранџасти (m/pl)
Наранџасте (f/pl)
Наранџаста (n/pl)
Сив (m/sg)
Сива (f/sg)
Сиво (n/sg)
Сиви (m/pl)
Сиве (f/pl)
Сива (n/pl)
Љубичаст (m/sg)
Љубичаста (f/sg)
Љубичасто (n/sg)
Љубичасти (m/pl)
Љубичасте (f/pl)
Љубичаста (n/pl)
Shimaore ndzilu ndjeu nzukundru dzindzano bile veri          
Shipibo čеʂ̌е hoʂ̌o hošín panšín yankón šepa          
Shompen kaʔing kagijāu kāteob kaʔugão komeniaŋ kãʔoõi          
Shoshoni Duhu- Dosa- ai̱ŋabite čapite ai̱behibite buhibite          
Sicilian níuru biancu russu giarnu bru virdi     arancia lupu pùrpura
Sinhala කළු
(kalu)
සුදු
(sudhu)
රතු
(rathu)
කහ
(kaha)
නිල්
(nil)
කොළ
(kola)
දුඹුරු
(dhumburu)
රෝස
(rosa)
තැඹිලි
(kambili)
අළු
(alu)
දම් (dham)
Slovak čierna biela červená žltá modrá zelená hnedá ružová oranžová šedá fialová
Slovenian črna bela rdeča rumena modra zelena rjava roza oranžna siva vijolična
Somali madow cad (m)
caddaan (f)
guduud (m)
casaan (f)
jaalle (m)
huruud (f)
buluug (m) cagaar (m) midab kafe leh basali
guduudan khafiif
midab oranjo   carwaajiis (m)
Sorbian čorny běƚy čerwjeny žoƚty módry zeleny          
Spanish negro blanco rojo
colorado
amarillo azul verde moreno
marrón
castaño
color café
rosa color naranja
anaranjado
gris púrpura
Sranan blaka weit redi geri blaw grun broin lekti redi ólenisi kulei lila
Sudovian kirsnas gailas varmias geltainas gālimbias zal’jas          
                       
Suena anai gomu disa nozawai uwiwai buge          
Sulung हिअेङकेलेङ्
(hieŋkeleŋ)
आर-युङ्
(ar-yuŋ)
आअि॔के॔रेअि
(aíkérei)
आसलुवा
(asoluwa)
आपि
(api)
आञाङ्
(añaŋ)
         
Swedish svart (c)
svart (n)
svarta (pl)
vit (c)
vitt (n)
vita (pl)
röd (c)
rött (n)
röda (pl)
gul (c)
gult (n)
gula (pl)
blå (c)
blått (n)
blåa (pl)
grön (c)
grönt (n)
gröna (pl)
brun (c)
brunt (n)
bruna (pl)
skär (c)
skärt (n)
skära (pl)
orange (c)
orangt (n)
oranga (pl)
grå (c)
grått (n)
gråa (pl)
violett (c)
violett (n)
violetta (pl)
Tajik sioħ safed surx zard kabud sabz          
Talysh sijo sipi gɪzɪl zerd kavü havz          
Tamil கருப்பு
(karuppu)
வெள்ளை
(veḷḷai)
சிவப்பு
(sivappu)
மஞ்சள்
(manjaḷ)
நீலம்
(nīlam)
பச்சை
(pakkai
கபிலம்
(kabilam)
இளஞ்சிவப்பு
(iḷanchivappu)
செம்மஞ்சள்
(semmanjaḷ)
நரை நிறம்
(narai niram)
ஊதா
(ūdā)
Tarahumara chócami rosácami lánami sitácami siyonamí siyónami          
Tat сиегь
(sijә)
сипи
(sipi)
гъирмизи
(qirmizi)
зерд
(zәrd)
кову, ковре
(kovu, kovrә)
савз
(savz)
    норинж, норунж
(norinç, norunç)
буз
(buz)
беневшегьи
(bәnәvşәi)
Tatar кара
(kara)
ак
(ak)
кызыл
(kɪzɪl)
сары
(sarɪ)
күк
(kük)
яшел
(jašel)
         
Tausug ʔitum putiʔ pulah bianiŋ gadduŋ gadduŋ          
Tehuelche ‘pˀol- ‘or- ‘ḳˀāpˀ- ‘wāytˀ- ‘ḳaltˀ- ‘xeštˀltˀe-          
Telugu నలుపు
(nalupu)
తెలుపు
(telupu)
ఎరుపు
(erupu)
పచ్చ
(patstsa)
నీలము
(niilamu)
పచ్చ
(patstsa)
పాల
(paala)
చంద్రకావి
(chandra kaavi)
నారింజ
(naarinza)
మసర
(masara)
త్సామనము
(tsaamanamu)
Tetum metan mutin mean kinur azúl modok          
Thai สีดำ
(see-dum)
สีขาว
(see-kharw)
สีแดง
(see-daeng)
สีเหลือง
(see-lhoerng)
สีฟ้า
(see-far)
สีน้ำเงิน
(see-num-ngern)
สีเขียว
(see-khiaw)
สีน้ำตาล
(see-num-tarn)
สีชมพู
(see-chom-poo)
สีส้ม
(see-som)
สีเทา
(see-tao)
สีม่วง
(see-muang)
Tibetan ནག་པོ་
(nâgbo)
དཀར་པོ་
(kabo)
དམར་པོ་
(mah-bo)
སེར་པོ་
(say-bo)
སྔོན་པོ་
(ngom-bo)
ལྗང་ཁུ་
(jâang-gu)
རྒྱ་སྨྱུག་
(gya--mug)
དམར་སྨྱུག
(mar-mug)
ཟིང་སྐྱ་
(sing-kya)
དམར་རསེ་
(mâsay)
ལི་ཝང་
(li-hâng)
  མུ་མན་
(mu-man)
Tigrinya ጸሊም
(ṣɛlim)
ጻዕዳ
(ṣɛʕuda)
ቀይሕ
(qɛjḥ)
ቢጫ
(bič̣a)
ሰማያዊ
(sɛmajawi)
ሓምላይ
(ḥamlaj)
ལྗང་ཁུ
(gyamyug)
  ལི་ཝང
(liwang)
  མུ་མན
(muman)
Tlingit tˀooch’ dleit x’aan tl’aatl’ x̱’eishx̱’ sˀoow s’agwáat lóol shéix̱’w lawúx̱ kanat’a heeni
Tofa қара
[qara]
ақ
[aq]
қызыл
[qɯzɯl]
сарығ
[sarɯɣ]
ақ-көк
[aq.kœk]
суғ-көк
[suɣ.kœk]
һүрең
[hʲyreŋ]
  ызыл-сарығ
[ɯzɯl.sarɯɣ]
бора
[bora]
қараңғы-көк
[qaraŋɣɯ.kœk]
Tokelauan lanu uliuli lanu paepae lanu kukula lanu hehega lanumoana lanu meamata   lanu pigiki
piniki
lanu moli   lanu taefeke
Tok Pisin blak(pela) wait(pela) ret(pela) yelo(pela) blu(pela) grin(pela) braun(pela) pink orange gre(pela) hap ret
pupol
Tongan lanu ‘uli‘uli lanu hinehina lanu kulokula lanu engeenga lanu pulū lanu mata lanu melomelo lanu pingikī lanu moli lanu tukumisi lanu vāleti
                       
Trinitario -siso -hopu -lc̄ʸoro -yokko -ripu -heʔču          
Trumai dat̯ tsi-tore tsi-omat tsi-aiixu tsi-auu ure ure ue..          
Tsimshian gaax moks masgmʔiɬee ( ?) gwisgwaask maɬiitk          
Tuki hiítiti puúm orí ówó dekétíi conáŋ burúm ecénécéné          
Turkish siyah beyaz kırmızı sarı mavi yeşil kahve rengi pembe turuncu gri mor
Tuvaluan uli kèna kùla sèga pulú lanu launiu
kulini
    ólenisi kulei  
Tuyuca yî’̃ bu’ti sõ’ã sõ’ã sɨ̃’bẽ sɨ̃’bẽ          
Twi tuntum fufuo/fitaa k¡k¡¡ akok¡srade¢ bibire ahabammono dodoe¢ memen   nsonso beredum
¡tank¡k¡¡
afasebiri
afase¢
Ukrainian чорний
(chornyy)
бiлий
(bilyy)
червоний
(chervonyy)
жовтий
(zhovtyy)
синiй
(syniy)
зелений
(zelenyy)
коричневий
(korichnevyy)
рожевий
(rozhevyy)
помаранчевий
(pomaranchevyy)
сірий
(siryy)
бузковий
(buzkovyy)
Urdu كالا
(kâlâ)
سفيد
(safed)
سرخ
(surkh)
پیلا
(pîlâ)
نيلا
(nîlâ)
هرا
(harâ)
بھورا
(bhûrâ)
گلابى
(gulâbî)
مالٹا
(malta)
سلیٹی
(sleṭî)
جامنی
(jâmnî)
Uyghur قارا
(qara)
ئاق
(aq)
قىزىل
(qızıl)
سېرىق
(serıq)
كۆك
(kök)
يېشىل
(yeshil)
قوڭۇر
(qongur)
ھال
(hal)
ماندارىن
(mandarın)
كۈل
(kül)
سۆسۈن
(sösün)
Uzbek қора
(qora)
оқ
(oq)
қизил
(qizil)
сариқ
(sariq)
кўк
(ko'k)
яшил
(yashil)
гўлос
(go'los)
қизғиш
(qizg'ish)
тўқ сариқ
(to'k sariq)
кул ранг
(kul rang)
бинафша ранг
(binafsha rang)
Värmlandic svarta (f)
svart/-en (m)
svart (n)
svart (pl)
vita (f)
vit/-en (m)
vitt (n)
vit (pl)
röa (f)
rö/-en (m)
rött (n)
rö (pl)
gula (f)
gul/-en (m)
gôrt (n)
gul (pl)
blåa (f)
blå/-en (m)
blót (n)
blå (pl)
gröna (f)
grön/-en (m)
grönnt (n)
grön (pl)
bruna (f)
brun/-en (m)
brunnt (n)
brun (pl)
råsa (f)
råsa (m)
råsa (n)
råsa (pl)
oransha (f)
oransh/-en (m)
oransht (n)
oransh (pl)
gråa (f)
grå/-en (m)
grót (n)
grå (pl)
lila (f)
lila (m)
lila (n)
lila (pl)
Venda mutswu mutshena mutswuku ṱaḓa lutombo mudala burawenu pinki swiri museṱha  
Veps must vauged rusked pakuine sini vihand          
Vietnamese đen (𪓇) trắng (𤽸) đỏ (𣠶) màu vàng (黄) xanh (青) nâu hồng (紅) màu cam xám (藍) tím
Võro must valgõ verrev kõllanõ sinine rohilinõ pruuń roosa pihlõnõ
orants
hall' lilla
Wai Wai či-čwi-ye tu-mut-we ču-ču-re tɨ-šewe-ke ti-swa-y tu-škukuyure          
Waorani b̶ɩ̨ntamų nąmæ̨nta opatawæ̨ itækad’æ̨ mįntad’æ̨ mįntad’æ̨          
Wapishana pʰudidi-ʔu ʾbarakʰa-ʔu wɨẓa-ʔu kʰidau-ʔu kʰuʔuri-ʔu kʰuʔuri-ʔu          
Wayampi piyũ pilã tawa sɔ̃wĩ            
Welsh du gwyn (m)
gwen (f)
gwynion (pl)
coch melyn glas glas (nt)
gwyrdd (mm)
brown
llwyd
dugoch
cochddu
pinc oren llwyd
glas
porffor
glascoch
piws
Witoto Mur. hitɨre userede edoroide borare hiduirede mokorede          
Wolof ñuul weex xonk mboq baxa wert
werta
sokala pos suraas
orans
   
Xhosa mnyama mhlophe bomvu lebhelu
mthubi
luhlaza luhlaza ntsundu pinki orenji ngwevu mfusa
Yakut xara ürüŋ kɪhɪl araɣas küöx küöx          
Yapese kool weachweach rowrow magchol raen e mak'ef galunglung
raen e gak'iy
    reng    
Yaruro burɛ-burɛ-a bɛrɛ-bɛrɛ-a koɛ-koɛ-a koɛ-koɛ-a tɔ-tɔ-a čʰã-čʰã          
Yiddish שוואַרץ
(shvarts)
ווײַס
(vays)
רויט
(royt)
געל
(gel)
בלאָ
(blo)
גרין
(grin)
ברוין
(broyn)
ראָז
(roz)
מאַראַנץ
(marants)
גרוי
(groy)
לילאַ
(lila)
Yoruba dúdú funfun pupa ìyèyè
yẹlò
àwö sánmà
búlù
àwö ewéko
aligà
dúdú bí ewé
àwö ara
búráùn
pupa fêêrê
pínnkì
àwọ omi ọsàn àwö eléérú àwö elésè àlùkò pọpù
Yucatec Maya 'ik saak chak k'an yax 'ik/chak/k'an chak k'an 'ik/saak  
Yuwana waleiʰte kʸabo tuwẽlõ tuwẽlõ lũʰtibo lũʰtibo          
Zapotec Yatz. gasʁ šyiš ʐ̌ṉa gašə asul gaˀ          
Zulu omnyama -mhlope -bomvu
-bovu
-liphuzi
-ncombo
-luhlaza -luhlaza -nsundu
-nsundwana (lt)
-nhlamvukazi (lt)
-mfusi (dk)
    -mpunga
-ngwevu
-ngamunwe
 
Zuñi kˀʷi kˀoha- šilowa- ɬupc̄ˀi- ɬiʔʔa ʔašena          

Constructed languages

Language Black White Red Yellow Blue Green Brown Pink Orange Grey Purple
                       
Esperanto nigra blanka ruĝa flava blua verda bruna roz(kolor)a oranĝ(kolor)a griza viol(kolor)a
Ido nigra blanka reda flava blua verda bruna rozea oranjea griza purpura
Interlingua nigre albe rubie jalne blau verde brun rosate orange gris purpuree
Laala zeziss zzno
zeziss sino
zeziss si zeziss zohlu zeziss sa zeziss hluka
zeziss aa
zeziss hlodu zeziss gugu zeziss zesa zeziss sa zeziss aa zeziss zohlu-aa
Lojban xekri blabi xunre pelxu blanu crino bunre   narju grusi zirpu
Quenya morë
morna
fána
fánë
ninquë
carnë malina luin
helwa
(pale blue
laiqua varnë swart karína culuina sindë
sinda
helínwa
Sindarin morn faen
fain
nimp
glos
caran malen luin calen baran
rhosg
    mith  
Toki Pona pimeja walo loje jelo laso laso         laso loje
loje laso
Volapük blägik vietik redik yelovik blövik grünik braunik redülik rojanik gedik purpurpik

Many of the colours in this section were contributed by Victor Palermo. You can also download Victor's PDF of those colours (1.5MB), and a PDF of this page (4.7MB)

If you would like to make any corrections or additions to this page, or if you can provide recordings, please contact me.

It would be interesting if you could also indicate:

  • Which of the colour words are most commonly used
  • Whether any of them represent different colours than the English words
  • Whether any of them have special signicance in your culture, e.g. white for weddings and purity, green for envy, yellow for cowardice, etc.
  • Any interesting proverbs, sayings or other idiomatic expressions involving colours you know in your language(s).

Links

Lists of colours
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_colors

Research on colour words
http://www.putlearningfirst.com/language/research/colour_words.html
http://akademiai.com/doi/pdf/10.1556/ALing.61.2014.2.1
http://real.mtak.hu/50986/

The colour of words
http://www.worldwidewords.org/articles/colour.htm

Colour idioms in different language
http://www.starchamber.com/colors/color-idioms.html

Japanese colours
http://nihongoup.com/blog/japanese-color-names/

Navajo colours (Nidaashch’ąą’ígíí)
http://www.lapahie.com/Glossary_Colors.cfm

Multilingual pages

Phrases | Numbers | Numerals | Colours | Telling the time | Weather words | Family words | Terms of endearment | Language names | Country names | Idioms | Proverbs | Tongue twisters | Signs | Compass directions | UDHR | Tower of Babel | Songs | Omniglot | Seven dwarfs | Zodiac signs | Computer parts | Compass directions | Animal sounds


If you need to type in many different languages, the Q International Keyboard can help. It enables you to type almost any language that uses the Latin, Cyrillic or Greek alphabets, and is free.

If you like this site and find it useful, you can support it by making a donation, or by contributing in other ways. Omniglot is how I make my living.

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