Lampung is a member of the Lampungic branch of the Malayo-Polynesian language family. It is spoken in the Indonesian province of Lampung in southern Sumatra by about 1.5 million people. There are there dialects of Lampung, Abung/Pepadun (Lampung Nyo) in western Lampung, Pesisir/Say Batin (Lampung Api) in eastern Lampung, and Komering, which are sufficiently different to be considered distinct languages. Lampung Api is considered the prestige variety.
Lampung is written with the Latin alphabet, but in the past it was written with its own script, known as Aksara Lampung or Had Lampung, which is similar to other scripts of Sumatra such is Rejang, Buginese and Sundanese. The Lampung script was used to write spells, letters, traditional laws, religious works and poems. It was written on bark, palm leaf, metal plates, animal skin, horn, stone and bamboo. After Islam spread to Indonesia the Lampung script was replaced by the Arabic script.
These days the Lampung script is used to some extent on road signs, government logos and elsewhere, and is taught in some schools.
Unyin Jelema dilaheʁko merdeka jama wat pi'il ʁik hak sai gokgoh. Tiyan dikaruniako akal jama hati nurani maʁai unggal tiyan dapok nengah nyampoʁ dilom semangat muaʁiyan.
All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.
(Article 1 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights)
Information about Lampung
Page last modified: 21.06.23
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