Friulian (furlan/marilenghe)

Friulian is a Romance language spoken in the Friuli-Venezia Giulia region of north-east Italy. There are Friulian speakers in the provinces of province of Udine, Pordenone, Gorizia and Trieste. According to a study undertaken by ARLEF (Association of Region for the Friulian Language) in 2015, there are about 600,000 speakers of Friulian.

Friulian is also known as Eastern Ladin, and is closely related to Ladin, a Rhaeto-Romance language spoken in northern Italy.

Until the 1960s, the Friulian-speaking areas were very poor, and some Friulians emigrated to France, Belgium, and Switzerland. Others went to Canada, Australia, Argentina, Brazil, the USA and South Africa.

Friulian started to appear in writing during the 11th century. There is Friulian literature and poetry dating back to the early 14th century. In the 20th century there was a revival of interest in the language. It is taught in some schools and used, to a limited extent, in the media.

Friulian alphabet (L’alfabet furlan)

Ths is the official alphabets for Fruilian as used in the Province of Udine. Other ways of writing the language are used.

A a B b C c Ç ç D d E e F f G g
a bi ci çi di e efe gji
H h I i J j L l M m N n O o P p
ache i i lunc ele eme ene o pi
Q q R r S s T t U u V v Z z  
cu ere esse ti u vi zete  

K (cape), W (vi dopli), X (ics) and Y (i grêc / ipsilon) are also used, but only in loan words.

Hear the Friulian alphabet

Friulian pronunciation

Friulian pronunciation


Download an alphabet chart for Friulian (Excel)

Some information provided by Roberto Polesello

Sample text in Friulian

Ducj i oms a nassin libars e compagns come dignitât e dirits. A àn sintiment e cussience e bisugne che si tratin un cul altri come fradis.


All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.
(Article 1 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights)

Sample videos in and about Friulian

Information about Friulian | Phrases | Numbers


Information about the Friulian languageФриульский_язык

Radio Onde Furlane

Online Friulian magazines

Friulian videos

Romance languages

Aragonese, Aranese, Aromanian, Asturian, Catalan, Corsican, Dalmatian, Emilian-Romagnol, Extremaduran, Fala, Franco-Provençal, French, Friulian, Galician, Gallo, Gascon, Genoese, Guernésiais, Istro-Romanian, Istriot, Italian, Jèrriais, Ladino, Ladin, Ligurian, Lombard, Lorrain, Megleno-Romanian, Mirandese, Moldovan, Monégasque, Mozarabic, Neapolitan, Occitan, Occitan (Auvergnat), Occitan (Languedocien), Occitan (Limousin), Occitan (Provençal), Picard, Piedmontese, Portuguese, Romanian, Romansh, Sardinian, Sicilian, Spanish, Valencian, Venetian, Walloon

Languages written with the Latin alphabet

Page last modified: 25.03.24


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