Modern Shetlandic Scots (MSS) is a variety of Insular Scots with Norn (Norroena) influences spoken in Shetland. It is variously known as Shetlandic, "da dialect", Shetland dialect, Shetland, Shetlan or Broad Shetland, which refers to stronger versions. MSS could also be classified as belonging to the Anglic subsection of the West Germanic branch of Indo-European languages, with many North Germanic influences.
MSS combines elements of Scots, English and Norn, the language which developed from the Old Norse bought to Shetland by the settlers from Norway in the early 9th century. After the islands came under Scottish control in the early 17th century, Scots and English became increasingly dominant. By the early 18th most Shetlanders were bilingual in Norn and Scots, and by the late 19th century Norn was no longer spoken, though Norn words continued to be used for such things as place-names, seasons, the weather, plants, animals, places, food, materials, tools, colours (especially of sheep or horses), moods and whims or 'unbalanced states of mind'.
There is no standard way of writing MSS and there are many variant spellings.
Peerie cat, peerie cat, whaar's du been?
A'm been athin Lerook fae aer da streen.
Peerie cat, peerie cat, whaat saa du dere?
Mair dugs dan I lippened sae A'm gjaan nae mair.
Peerie Cat, a poem by Rhoda Bulter
Little cat, little cat, where have you been?
I've been in Lerwick all night long
Little cat, little cat, what did you see there?
More dogs than I expected so I'll go no more.
Information about MSS
Online Shetland dictionary
Northern and Insular Scots - recordings of regional dialect variants from Shetland, Orkney and northern parts of mainland Scotland: http://www.lel.ed.ac.uk/dialects/nis.html
Recorded samples of MSS
Afrikaans, Alsatian, Bavarian, Cimbrian, Danish, Dutch, Elfdalian, English, Faroese, Flemish, Frisian (East), Frisian (North), Frisian (Saterland), Frisian (West), German, Gothic, Gottscheerish, Gronings, Hunsrik, Icelandic, Limburgish, Low German, Luxembourgish, Mòcheno, Norn, Norwegian, Old English, Old Norse, Pennsylvania German, Ripuarian, Scots, Shetland(ic), Stellingwarfs, Swabian, Swedish, Swiss German, Transylvanian Saxon, Värmlandic, Wymysorys, Yiddish, Zeelandic
Page last modified: 06.05.21
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