The Simplified script (a.k.a. Simplified Chinese) was officially adopted
in the People's Republic of China in 1949 in an effort to eradicate illiteracy.
The simplified script is also used in Singapore but the older traditional
characters are still used in Taiwan, Hong Kong, Macau and Malaysia.
A second round of simplifications which was published in 1977 but proved
very unpopular and was abandoned in 1986.
About 2,000 characters have been simplified in a number of different
ways (the simplified characters are shown in red):
Many simplified characters are based on commonly used abbreviations:
Others retain only one part from the traditional character.
Some replace the phonetic element of the traditional character with
a simpler one that is pronounced in the same or in a similar way:
In some cases, several traditional characters are represented by
one simplified character: