Gamilaraay is member of the Wiradhuric group of the Pama-Nyungan languages, and is spoken in New South Wales in Australia. The name of the language is also spelled Kamilaroi, Camilaroi, Kamalarai or Gamilaroi, and is pronounced [ɡ̊aˌmilaˈɻaːj].

The language was first documented with a basic word list collected by Major Thomas Mitchell in 1832. It was studied by William Ridley, a missionary, between 1852 and 1856.

In 2006 there were 35 speakers, all of whom spoke a mixture of Gamilaraay and English. The language is currently taught in a few pre-schools and primary schools.

Gamilaraay alphabet and pronunciation

Gamilaraay alphabet and pronunciation

Download an alphabet chart for Gamilaraay (Excel)

Sample text - Bigibila wiyayl

Bigibila yanaawaanhi, biyaduul. Bulaarr badjin mindjarru yanaawaanhi. (Giirr yilaalu nhama mindjarru, bigibila dhayn gigilanhi.) Milandu mindjarrugu gayawiy barrandu nhama, dhinawan nhama. Giirr bundaanhi nhama dhinawan. Bamba ngaama bundaanhi. Bigibilagubala winangay, guwaay, "Aa, minya ngaama bundaanhi? Bamba nhama bundaanhi?"

Translation - The Porcupine's Quills

A porcupine was walking along by himself. Two little weebills were walking along. (A long time ago the weebills* and porcupines were people.) One weebill threw a boomerang at an emu. The emu fell down. It fell with a crash. The porcupine heard it, and he said: "Aa, what fell there?" It fell with a crash.

*Weebills are small birds about the size of a wren.


Videos in Gamilgaraay

Information about Gamilaraay | Numbers


Information about Gamilaraay

Gamilaraay dictionary

Pama-Nyungan languages

Alyawarr, Arrernte, Bundjalung, Dharawal, Dhuwal, Diyari, Djinang, Djinba, Gamilaraay, Gooniyandi, Gugadja, Guugu Yalandji, Guugu Yimithirr, Kala Lagaw Ya, Kalkatungu, Kaurna, Kuku Nyungkal, Kunjen, Kuuk Thaayorre, Martu Wangka, Ngaanyatjarra, Ngiyambaa, Nhangu, Noongar, Paakantyi, Pintupi, Pitjantjatjara, Warlpiri, Wemba Wemba, Wik-Mungkan, Wiradjuri, Yankunytjatjara, Yindjibarndi, Yolŋu

Languages written with the Latin alphabet

Page last modified: 19.01.23


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