Deg Xinag (Degexit'an)

Deg Xinag is a member of the Northern Athabaskan branch of the Na-Dené language family. It is spoken along the lower Yukon River in Alaska in the USA by the Deg Xinag (Deg Hit'an) people in the villages of Grayling, Anvik, Shageluk and Holy Cross. There are about 40 speakers of Deg Xinag, only two of whom are native speakers. Efforts are being made to revive the language.

The language is also known as Ingalik. This comes from the Yup'ik word Ingqiliq (Indian), and is considered pejorative.

There are two main dialects: Yukon and Kuskokwim. The former is also known as Yukon Deg Xinag or Yukon Ingalik, and the latter is also known as Kuskokwim Deg Xinag or Kuskokwim Ingalik. Only the Kuskokwim dialect is still spoken.

Deg Xinag was first documented in the late 19th century. During the 20th century a number of religious and other works were translated into the language. It is written with the Latin alphabet, and there appear to be several ways to spell it.

Deg Xinag pronunciation

Deg Xinag pronunciation

Download Deg Xinag alphabet charts in PDF or Excel format.

Some information about Deg Xinag pronunication provided by Wolfram Siegel

Sample text (The Lord's Prayer)

Dennaqwu Tho, yu ye¢edonen, ñi erzre yian ñizren. Diñita yuqhotsu denna ñitsuqutiçda¢hl Dennatiq. Yuqhotsu hokaidiñitaitsun diñita hokuitlne, go ñan wukudzu, yu yit huku. Gout dran dennagu nuxaintltçun denna tloñuaiq, drantu qounnet. Yithoitsun yuqhotsu dennagu trohaidtuqtsun ditroutantsun kuçqunihlneq, yuqhotsu denna qavwugu trohaidtuqtsun tdu denna quhlantsun utdoxwun kuçqutdradlniq hukudutrihlan. Yithoitsun denna oqo quqaidtroç tuqoitsun denna tiçihltaq; Dahlinni trohaidtuqtu qoxogitdu noundennañihltaiq. Kwatdedl nitde yian Dennatiq eñilan, eñitlitç, eñizren, tsuqoyan. Amen.


Another version of this text

Dinaxito’ yoyet dhedo ts’in’ ngi’ezre’ yan’ titl’i’o. Vighun’ deningidhit ts’in’ngixiyo’ axa yoyet xiq’i go ngan’qogg dighenax. Go dranh xonet dina vav lay dinatl’ongila. Ngighu gits’i ditr’it’anh da’ dinaghun’ q’ith xinijneyh. Dinaghun’ gits’i dit’anhin xivighu q’ith tr’ixinijneyh ts’ixiq’at. Tr’ixet’uxdi xits’idz dinatighelalin. Tr’ixet’ux ts’in’ dinak’odz xindingijnek.



The first sample text is in a different spelling system to the second. I have been unable to find details of this spelling system.

Supplied by Michael Peter Füstumum

Sample videos in and about Deg Xinag

Information about Deg Xinag | Numbers in Deg Xinag


Information about Deg Xinag'an

Na-Dené languages

Ahtna, Apache (Western), Babine-Witsuwit'en, Chilcotin, Chipewyan, Deg Xinag, Dena’ina, Dane-zaa (Beaver), Eyak, Gwich'in, Hän, Hupa, Jicarilla, Kaska, Koyukon, Lipan Apache, Lower Tanana, Mescalero-Chiricahua, Navajo, North Slavey, Sekani, South Slavey, Tahltan, Tanacross, Tłı̨chǫ (Dogrib), Tolowa, Tsuut'ina (Sarcee), Tutchone, Upper Kuskokwim, Upper Tanana

Languages written with the Latin alphabet

Page last modified: 18.02.24


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