Burushaski is a language isolate spoken in northern Pakistan and northern India. In Pakistan Burushaski is spoken by about 126,000 Burusho people in the Hunza, Nagar, Yasin and Ishkoman valleys, and some parts of the Gilgit valley, in Gilgit-Baltistan, Pakistan's northen-most area. In India there are about 300 Burushaski speakers in the Kargil and Leh districts of Jammu and Kashmir state, and in Ladakh and Srinagar.
Different dialects of Burushaski are spoken in different areas, though they are largely mutually intelligible. The language is also known as Biltum, Brushaski, Burucaki, Burucaski, Burushaki, Burushki, Khajuna or Kunjut.
Until recently, Burushaski was rarely written. A number of texts have been written by native speakers for researchers using a version of the Arabic alphabet. The International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) and the Roman alphabet have also been used to write texts in the language.
ث, ح, ذ, ژ, ص, ض, ط, ظ, ع and ء are only used in loanwords.
Download an alphabet chart for Burushaski (Excel)
Details of the Burushaski alphabets provided by Michael Peter Füstumum
Information about Burushaski | Numbers
Information about the Burushaski language
Ainu, Basque, Bilua, Burushaski, Candoshi-Shapra, Chitimacha, Eskayan, Hadza, Haida, Karuk, Kawésqar, Keres, Kuot, Kusunda, Kutenai, Natchez, Nihali, Nivkh, Páez, Purepecha, Sandawe, Seri, Sumerian, Ticuna, Tiwi, Tunica, Urarina, Wardaman, Washo, Yaghan, Yuchi/Euchee, Zuni
Languages written with the Latin alphabet
Page last modified: 06.05.22
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