Burushaski (بروشسکی‎)

Burushaski is a language isolate spoken in northern Pakistan and northern India. In Pakistan Burushaski is spoken by about 126,000 Burusho people in the Hunza, Nagar, Yasin and Ishkoman valleys, and some parts of the Gilgit valley, in Gilgit-Baltistan, Pakistan's northen-most area. In India there are about 300 Burushaski speakers in the Kargil and Leh districts of Jammu and Kashmir state, and in Ladakh and Srinagar.

Different dialects of Burushaski are spoken in different areas, though they are largely mutually intelligible. The language is also known as Biltum, Brushaski, Burucaki, Burucaski, Burushaki, Burushki, Khajuna or Kunjut.

Until recently, Burushaski was rarely written. A number of texts have been written by native speakers for researchers using a version of the Arabic alphabet. The International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) and the Roman alphabet have also been used to write texts in the language.

Arabic alphabet for Burushaski

Arabic for Burushaski

ث, ح, ذ, ژ, ص, ض, ط, ظ, ع and ء are only used in loanwords.

Latin alphabet for Burushaski

Latin alphabet for Burushaski

Download an alphabet chart for Burushaski (Excel)

Details of the Burushaski alphabets provided by Michael Peter Füstumum

Sample videos in Burushaski

Information about Burushaski | Numbers


Information about the Burushaski language
http://www.few.vu.nl/~dick/Summaries/Languages/Burushaski.pdf (PDF)

Burushaski phrases

Language isolates

Adaizan, Ainu, Basque, Burushaski, Candoshi-Shapra, Chitimacha, Eskayan, Hadza, Haida, Karuk, Kawésqar, Keres, Kuot, Kusunda, Kutenai, Natchez, Nihali, Nivkh, Páez, Purepecha, Sandawe, Seri, Sumerian, Tartessian, Ticuna, Tiwi, Tonkawa, Tunica, Urarina, Waorani, Wardaman, Washo, Yaghan, Yuchi/Euchee, Zuni

Languages written with the Latin alphabet

Page last modified: 06.05.22


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