Numbers in Puyuma

How to count in Puyuma (Pinayuanan), a Formosan language spoken mainly in Taitung County in southeastern Taiwan.

If any of the numbers are links, you can hear a recording by clicking on them. If you can provide recordings, please contact me.

Numeral Cardinal Counting persons Counting animals & objects Ordinal
1 sa misasa sasaya palibak
2 drua, dua miadua duduaya puka-dua
3 telru, telu miatelu tutulua puka-telru
4 pat miapat papata puka-pat
5 lrima* mialu luluata puka-lrima
6 nem, qnem mianem nanema puka-nem
7 pitu miapitu pitupitua puka-pitu
8 walru, walu miawalu waluwalua puka-walu
9 iwa, siwa miaiwa wawya waya puka-iwa
10 pulru
mektep mektep
11 pulru-sa mektep misama saya
12 pulru-drua mektep misama duduaya
13 pulru-telru mektep misama tetelua
14 pulru-pat mektep misama papata
15 pulru-luwatr mektep misama luluata
16 pulru-nem mektep misama nanema
17 pulru-pitu mektep misama pitupitua
18 pulru-walru mektep misama
19 pulru-iwa mektep misama wayawaya
20 drua-pulru
21 makabetraan misasa
22 makabetraan miadua
23 makabetraan miatelu
24 makabetraan miapat
25 makabetraan mialu
26 makabetraan mianem
27 makabetraan miapitu
28 makabetraan miawalru
29 makabetraan miaiwa
30 telru-pulru
40 pat-pulru
50 luwatr-pulru
60 nem-pulru
70 pitu-pulru
80 walru-pulru
90 iwa-pulru
100 sa leman
200 duya leman
300 telua leman
1,000 sa kuɖul
2,000 dua ya kuɖul
10,000 saya mangmangan
mektep kudul


* It seems that lrima (five) is only used to refer to the number five; in counting objects, or in any derivations, the base for five is always luwatr.

(1) Numerals (above ten) to modify non-personal nouns:

(2) Modifying personal nouns:


Information about Puyuma numerals

Information compiled by Wolfgang Kuhl

Information about Puyuma | Numbers

If you would like to make any corrections or additions to this page, or if you can provide recordings, please contact me.

Numbers in Formosan languages

Amis, Atayal, Bunun, Kavalan, Kanakanavu, Paiwan, Pazeh, Puyuma, Saaroa, Saysiyat, Seediq, Tsou

Numbers in other languages

Alphabetical index | Language family index


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