Chitimacha numbers

How to count in Chitimacha (Sitimaxa), a language isolate which was formerly spoken in southern Louisiana in the USA, and which is currently being revived.

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Numeral Cardinal Ordinal
1 qungu qungkãmiig¹
2 qupa qupkãmiig
3 kaayji kaayjikãmiig
4 mĕxa mĕxkãmiig
5 husa huskãmiig
6 hatka hatkãmiig
7 kixta kixtkãmiig
8 keeta keetkãmiig
9 mixta mixtkãmiig
10 heyji heyjikãmiig
11 heyji qungu patnix²  
12 heyji qupa patnix  
13 heyji kaayji patnix  
14 heyji mĕxa patnix  
15 heyji husa patnix  
16 heyji hatka patnix  
17 heyji kixta patnix  
18 heyji keeta patnix  
19 heyji mixta patnix  
20 heyji qupa³  
30 heyji kaayji  
40 heyji mĕxa  
50 heyji husa  
60 heyji hatka  
70 heyji kixta  
80 heyji keeta  
90 heyji mixta  
100 puup  
200 puup qupa  
300 puup kaayji  
400 puup mĕxa  
500 puup husa  
600 puup hatka  
700 puup kixta  
800 puup keeta  
900 puup mixta  
1,000 puup qaxinjada  
2,000 puup qaxinjada qupa  
3,000 puup qaxinjada kaayji  
4,000 puup qaxinjada mĕxa  
5,000 puup qaxinjada husa  
6,000 puup qaxinjada hatka  
7,000 puup qaxinjada kixta  
8,000 puup qaxinjada keeta  
9,000 puup qaxinjada mixta  
10,000 puup qaxinjada heyji  
(the first time)
two times
(the second time)
three times
(the third time)
four times
(the fourth time)
five times
(the fifth time)
six times
(the sixth time)
seven times
(the seventh time)
eight times
(the eighth keet time)
nine times
(the ninth time)
ten times
(the tenth time)


  1. The suffix -kãmiig is added to the cardinals to form the ordinals, usually with the loss of the final vowel of the cardinal except for cardinals ending in -i.
  2. Cardinal numbers from 11 through 19 are formed by use of the word patnix in excess of added to 10.
  3. The tens from 20 through 90 are expressed by heyji (10) followed by the appropriate multiplying number -heyji qupa (20) (= the second ten).
  4. If one wishes to indicate “the time”, or “...times”, one adds the suffix combination -kãmin + -k on as -kãmink to the cardinal forms, with the usual loss of any final vowel except -i, as in -qupkãmink the second time, two times.

Source: Modern Chitimacha (Sitimaxa). Cultural Department, Chitimacha Tribe of Louisiana. Compiled and edited by Julian Granberry, 2008.

Information about Chitimacha

Information provided by Wolfgang Kuhl

If you would like to make any corrections or additions to this page, or if you can provide recordings, please contact me.

Numbers in language isolates

Adaizan, Ainu, Basque, Burushaski, Chitimacha, Eskayan, Haida, Karuk, Keres, Kunza, Nivkh, Puroik/Sulung, Tunica, Warao, Yuchi / Euchee, Zakhring, Zuni

Numbers in other languages

Alphabetical index | Language family index


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