Quenya is a language invented by J.R.R. Tolkien and used in his books, including The Hobbit and The Lord of the Rings. Quenya is also known as Qenya or High-Elven, and its grammar is similar to Finnish, with some similarities to Greek and Latin. The phonology is based on Finnish, with lesser influences from Latin, Italian and Spanish. Tolkien compiled the "Qenya Lexicon", his first list of Elvish words, in 1915 at the age of 23, and continued to refine the language throughout his life.
Within Tolkien's Middle Earth, Quenya is the most prominent language of the Amanya branch of the Elvish language family.
Tolkien also created a number of different alphabets to write his languages - Tengwar, or Feanorian letters, is the one which appears most frequently in his work, and is used to write Quenya, and other languages he invented, such as Sindarin and Black Speech. It has can also be used to write English and other languages.
Ai! laurië lantar lassi súrinen,
yéni únótimë ve rámar aldaron!
Yéni ve lintë yuldar avánier
mi oromardi lissë-miruvóreva
Andúnë pella, Vardo tellumar
nu luini yassen tintilar i eleni
Sí man i yulma nin enquantuva?
An sí Tintallë Varda Oiolossëo
ve fanyar máryat Elentári ortanë
ar ilyë tier undulávë lumbulë
ar sindanóriello caita mornië
i falmalinnar imbë met,
ar hísië untúpa Calaciryo míri oialë.
Sí vanwa ná, Rómello vanwa, Valimar!
Namárië! Nai hiruvalyë Valimar!
Nai elyë hiruva! Namárië!
Ah! like gold fall the leaves in the wind,
long years numberless as the wings of trees!
The long years have passed like swift draughts
of the sweet mead in lofty halls
beyond the West, beneath the blue vaults of Varda
wherein the stars tremble
in the voice of her song, holy and queenly.
Who now shall refill the cup for me?
For now the Kindler, Varda, the Queen of the stars,
from Mount Everwhite has uplifted her hands like clouds
and all paths are drowned deep in shadow;
and out of a grey country darkness lies
on the foaming waves between us,
and mist covers the jewels of Calacirya for ever.
Now lost, lost to those of the East is Valimar!
Farewell! Maybe thou shalt find Valimar!
Maybe even thou shalt find it! Farewell!
Ilye firini nar nóne lére ar imye taliesse yo auviesse. Nante arwa handasseo yo immo-isto ar mauya tien lenga imbi inte otornasseva feasse.
Source: Tecendil. Translation by Tamas Ferencz
All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They
are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another
in a spirit of brotherhood.
(Article 1 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights)
Information about Quenya and Tengwar
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