Golic Vulcan is one of the constructed languages of the Vulcan
race from the science fiction series Star Trek. It was carefully
crafted over many years by Mark R. Gardner and other collaborators
in the Vulcan Language Institute, which has been defunct since the
latter half of 2008.
The core features of the language including the phonology, syntax
and the basis for the morphology are creative extrapolations from
the Vulcan language dialog heard in the feature films. As of June
of 2011, the language has no official relationship to the Star Trek
franchise but used in fan-fiction and other artistic projects.
Notable features of the language
Lexicon of 12,000+ terms
Pro-drop and contextually omitted copula
Pervasive compounding in nouns
Standard and short/flat vowel contrasts are traditionally common but not sharply distinguished in all cases in modern speech. Long vowels also exist (cf: maat), but are far less common.
Like the language itself, the 3 non-Roman writing systems presented
here were inspired by Vulcan writing-related imagery that has appeared
over the entire history of the series on screen. Specifically, the script
referred to as Traditional Calligraphy is inspired by the graphic design
of Michael Okuda. The Standard Script derives from the costume work by
Robert Fletcher. All of the work to turn this visual imagery into functional
alphabets has been done by Britton Watkins of korsaya.org.
Notable features of the orthography
Alphabetic (from logographic roots)
Visually modeled on canonical sources from the big and small screen
Direction of writing: flexible but most traditionally rendered top to bottom. When written horizontally the traditional calligraphy is simply rotated and flows in the same direction of the predominate concurrent system. With English it reads left to right. (See example at the beginning of this article.) With Hebrew it would read right to left. The Standard script can rotate in the same manner if necessary in context. Horizontal Handwriting involves two different placement models for the vowels; inline and diacritic. In vertical handwriting, vowels are used more or less as inline letters with the exception of the /a/. It behaves somewhat like an abugida vowel diacritic.
Letterforms are invariable, but conjoined within words. The Traditional Calligraphy supports approximately 60 consonant clusters with unique ligatures, most of which occur only at syllable onset.
Used to write: Primarily Golic Vulcan, though other Vulcan languages and loans from other languages can also be rendered in all of the script variations.
No regular capitalization, but proper nouns are commonly marked with an ahm-glat (‘name-sign’) signifying the common/proper distinction.
The Golic Vulcan alphabets
In the following table the Standard Script (Gotavlu-zukitaun) letters
appear to the left of the Traditional Calligraphy (Vanu-tanaf-kitaun) letters
(nuhm) and the Handwriting (El’ru-Kitaun) variations appear in turn at the right
in each cluster. The traditional name of the Standard Script letter is given
along with the IPA for each sound. Note that for the Traditional and Handwriting
scripts it is most common to simply refer to the consonants as C+/o/, hence "M"
is "Mo". "N" is "No", etc. Exceptions occur for "oNG" and the consonant clusters
"KSo" vs. "oKS" ("X"). The names in ‘o’ are omitted in the table for the sake
of visual simplicity. The traditional names represent the fact that these letters
are in most cases unmodified logographic glyphs from a more ancient system. Compare
the historic usage of Egyptian hieroglyphs to write proper names or the manyo-gana
of pre-syllabary Japanese.
All sentient populace of the universe are born free and equal with respect to
dignity and rights. They are capable of possessing logic and ethical principals
and should act each toward the other in a manner of universal equality. (A version of Article 1 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights)