Yang Zhuang (Káang Thó / 佒壯)

Yang Zhuang is a central Tai language spoken in southern China, mainly in Napo (那坡县), Jingxi (靖西市) and Debao (德保县) counties in southernwestern Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region (广西壮族自治区). Yang Zhuang speakers call also be found in Funning county (富宁县) of Yunnan province (云南省). In 2004 there were about 765,000 speakers of Yang Zhuang in China. There are also some speakers of Yang Zhuang in Hà Quảng district of Cao Bằng province in northern Vietam.

In each of the areas where the language is spoken, there are numerous dialects. These include Yang, Tianbao, Fouh, Sengh and Caj coux. The Yang dialect, with 371,892 speakers in Jingxi County, is the most spoken.

There is no standard way of writing Yang Zhuang, however Yang Zhuang stories have been written traditionally with a version of the Chinese script known as Sloey Ndep since the Han dynasty (206 BC–220 AD). The Nüshu (𛆁𛈬) script is also used to some extent, although only by women.

Ways to write Yang Zhuang with the Latin alphabet has been developed by Lyáawh Háanh-Poh (廖漢波), a Yang Zhuang scholar, and Sampson Lee, a student of Yang Zhuang from Hong Kong, and are shown below.

Yang Zhuang alphabet

Yang Zhuang alphabet

Notes

Acute (á) and grave (à) accents are used to indicate tones. The tones in each dialect of Yang Zhuang differ significantly. More details.

Download an alphabet chart for Yang Zhuang (Excel)

Sample text in Yang Zhuang

Long joong kin kháw ngyang lum thòw
Cengh-sênh kwey qyòw moy lhaay-lhaay
Nhin lèe hat yaay hóy slak gòw
Són kháw tháw ròw nhin kwà daay

Source: https://abcsampson.github.io/YangZhuang/

Sample video about and in Yang Zhuang

Links

Information about the Yang Zhuang language
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yang_Zhuang_language
https://www.ethnologue.com/language/zyg
https://abcsampson.github.io/YangZhuang/documentation

Tai-Kaidai languages

Ahom, Bouyei, Dehong Dai, Kam, (Tai) Khün, Lanna, Lao, Lue, Shan, Sui, Tai Dam, Tai Ya, Thai, Yang Zhuang, Zhuang

Languages written with the Latin alphabet

Semanto-phonetic writing systems

Akkadian Cuneiform, Ancient Egyptian (Demotic), Ancient Egyptian (Hieratic), Ancient Egyptian (Hieroglyphs), Chinese, Chữ-nôm, Cuneiform, Japanese, Jurchen, Khitan, Linear B, Luwian, Mayan, Naxi, Sawndip (Old Zhuang), Sui, Sumerian Cuneiform, Tangut (Hsihsia)

Other writing systems


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