Erromintxela is spoken in the Basque country in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region in the southeast of France, and in the País Vasco autonomous community in northern Spain. In 2009 there were about 500 speakers of Erromintxela in France and 500 in Spain. The majority of Erromintxela speakers in Spain are elderly, while in France the language is still being passed on to children.
The Erromintxela people are descendents of Roma people who moved to the Basque country in the 15th century. They became integrated with the Basque people and bilingual in Romani and Basque. Over time a mixed language combining mainly Romani vocabualary with Basque grammar emerged.
Erromintxela is also known as Basque Caló, Errumantxela in English, as caló vasco, romaní vasco, or errominchela in Spanish, and as euskado-rromani or euskado-romani in French. It was first documented during the 19th century, and linguistic research on it began in the 1990s.
Details provided by Wolfram Siegel
Hiretzat goli kherautzen dinat
erromeetako gazin mindroa
ene muirako mandro londoa
mol loloena ene khertsiman.
Hire dui ankhai baro, koloek
pekhautzen nina kamatze-jakaz
phiria hautsiz erromenitzat
letu hindudan latziaz geroz.
Information about Erromintxelat
Page last modified: 28.06.21
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