Caló is a mixed Iberian-Romani language that combines Romani vocabulary with grammar from Spanish, Portuguese, Catalan and Galician. It is spoken by about 460,000 people, mainly in Brazil, and also in Spain, France, Portugal and Colombia.
There are about 400,000 speakers of Caló in Brazil, mainly in the north and northeast of the country. In Spain there are about 40,000 speakers, and there are about 15,000 speakers in the Occitania region of southern France, 5,000 speakers in Portugal, and 5,000 in Colombia.
The name Caló means "the language spoken by the calé", and calé is what the Romani people of Iberia call themselves. They are also known as ciganos or gitanos.
Other names for Caló include Caló Romani, Gitano, Hispanoromani, Iberian Romani, Romanó, Chibi, Roma, Romanó or Zincaló. Dialects include Spanish Caló, Portuguese Calão, Catalonian Caló and Brazilian Calão.
Some words from Caló are also used in colloquial Spanish in Spain and Latin America.
Caló alphabet and pronunciation
Before i and e, c = [ʦ], d = [ʤ], g = [x], and t = [ʧ]
E is pronounced [ə] mainly in unstressed syllables
Gu and qu are used before e and i
In unstressed syllables and before other vowels, i = [i̯] and u = [u̯]
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