Family words in Russian

Words for family members and other relatives in Russian, an Eastern Slavic language spoken mainly in Russia, Ukraine, Kazakhstan and Belarus, and in many other countries.

Key to abbreviations: m = male, f = female

  Русский (Russian)
family семья́ (sem'ya)
parents роди́тели (roditeli)
father оте́ц (otec)
mother мать (mat')
children де́ти (deti)
son сын (syn)
daughter дочь (doč')
husband муж (muž)
wife жена́ (žena)
brother брат (brat)
sister сестра́ (sestra)
uncle дя́дя (djadja)
aunt тётя (tjotja)
cousin кузе́н (kuzen) - m
кузи́на (kuzina) - f
двою́родный брат (dvojurodmyj brat) - m
двою́родная сестра́ (dvojurodnaja sestra) - f
second cousin трою́родный брат (trojurodnyj brat) - m
трою́родная сестра́ (trojurodnaja sestra) - f
nephew племя́нник (plemjannik)
niece племя́нница (plemjannica)
grandparents де́душка и ба́бушка (deduška i babuška)
grandfather дед (ded)
де́душка (deduška)
grandmother ба́бка (babka)
ба́бушка (babuška)
grandchildren вну́ки (vnuki)
grandson внук (vnuk)
granddaughter вну́чка (vnučka)
great uncle двою́родный дед (dvojurodnyj ded)
great aunt двою́родная ба́бка (dvojurodnaja babka)
grandnephew внуча́тый племя́нник (vnučatyj plemjannik)
grandniece внуча́тая племя́нница (vnučataja plemjannica)
great grandfather пра́дед (praded)
праде́душка (pradeduška)
great grandmother праба́бка (prababka)
праба́бушка (prababuška)
great grandson пра́внук (pravnuk)
great granddaughter пра́внучка (pravnučka)
father-in-law свёкор (svjokor) husband's father
тесть (test') wife's father
mother-in-law свекро́вь (svekrov') husband's mother
тёща (tjošča) wife's mother
brother-in-law зять (zjat') sister's husband
шу́рин (šurin) wife's brother
де́верь (dever') husband's brother
своя́к (svojak) wife's sister's husband
sister-in-law неве́стка (nevestka) brother's wife
золо́вка (zolovka) husband's sister
своя́ченица (svojačenitsa) wife's sister
son-in-law зять (zjat')
daughter-in-law неве́стка (nevestka)
сноха́ (snoxa)
stepfather о́тчим (otčim)
stepmother ма́чеха (mačexa)
stepson па́сынок (pasynok)
stepdaughter па́дчерица (padčerica)

Corrections and additions by Denis Cobrousev

Information about Russian | Useful phrases | Silly phrases | Numbers | Colours | Time | Family words | Terms of endearment | Weather | Idioms | Tongue twisters | Tower of Babel | Articles | Links | Learning materials

Family words in Slavic languages

Belarusian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Macedonian, Polish, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovenian, Ukrainian

Family words in other languages


If you need to type in many different languages, the Q International Keyboard can help. It enables you to type almost any language that uses the Latin, Cyrillic or Greek alphabets, and is free.

If you like this site and find it useful, you can support it by making a donation via PayPal or Patreon, or by contributing in other ways. Omniglot is how I make my living.

Note: all links on this site to Amazon.com, Amazon.co.uk and Amazon.fr are affiliate links. This means I earn a commission if you click on any of them and buy something. So by clicking on these links you can help to support this site.