North Arabian    North Arabian

Ancient North Arabian is the collective name for a group of scripts, and possibly a language or group of languages, that were used in north and central Arabia and southern Syria from about the 8th Century BC until the 4th century AD. It is thought that the Ancient North Arabic scripts developed from, or shared a common ancestor with the Ancient South Arabian script.

Varieties of Ancient North Arabian scripts, and possibly languages, include:

Notable features

North Arabian alphabet (Dadanitic)

North Arabian alphabet (Dadanitic

Download an script chart for North Arabian (Excel)

Sample text in Dadanitic

Sample text in North Arabian



  1. ʿbdḫrg bn Flh Zdḏġbt bn(y) h-
  2. kfr l-h w-l wrṯ-h h-kfr ḏ-hkll-h
  3. w-ʾḫḏ h-mṯbrn s¹nt ṯtn l-Tlmy bn H-
  4. (nʾs¹)


  1. ʿbdḫrg son of Flh (from the family) Zdḏġbt built this
  2. tomb for himself and his descendants, the tomb that he completed as a whole;
  3. and he took possession of these two sepulchral chambers, in the second year of Tlmy son of H-
  4. nʾs¹.


Information about the Old/Ancient North Arabian script

Inscriptions of Ancient North Arabia

Old North Arabian fonts

Consonant alphabets (Abjads)

Ancient Berber, Arabic, Aramaic, Chorasmian, Elymaic, Hatran, Hebrew, Manichaean, Nabataean, North Arabian, Pahlavi, Palmyrene, Parthian, Phoenician, Paleo-Hebrew, Proto-Sinaitic / Proto-Canaanite, Psalter, Punic, Sabaean, Samaritan, Sogdian, South Arabian, Syriac, Tifinagh, Ugaritic

Other writing systems

Page created: 03.03.23. Last modified: 13.04.23


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