Iloko (Iloco)

Iloko is a member of the Philippine branch of Malayo-Polynesian languages spoken by about 10 million people in the Philippines, mainly in the northwest of Luzon island, and also in Mindanao. There are significant numbers of Iloko speakers in the USA, Middle East, Hong Kong, Japan, Singapore, Canada and Europe as well.

The language is also known as Ilokano, Ilocano, Iluko, Iloco and Iloko, and the Iloko people call themselves Samtoy, a contraction from the Iloko phrase saö mi ditoy, meaning "our language here".

Iloko was originally written with the Baybayin syllabary, which is also used to write Tagalog, but this was gradually replaced by the Latin alphabet the Spanish arrived in the Philippines in the 16th century. One of the first publications in Iloko was the Doctrina Cristiana of 1621.

Baybayin syllbary for Iloko

Baybayin syllbary for Iloko

This is the style of script used in the 1620s.

A cross was written under consonants to mute the inherent vowel.

Iloko pronuciation

Ilocano pronuciation


When some consonants are followed by i plus another vowels, their pronunciation changes.

Sample text in Iloko

Amin nga tao nga sibibiag ket naiyanak a siwawayawaya ken addaan iti agpapada nga dayaw ken kalintegan. Naikkanda ti panagikalintegan ken konsensya a nasken ti panagtitinnulong iti meysa ken meysa iti espiritu nga nainkak-absatan.

Alternative version of the sample text

Amin a tao ket nayanak a nawaya ken agpapada iti dayaw ken karbengan. Naikkanda iti isip ken konsensia ket masapul nga aglilinnangen iti anag ti panagkikinnabsat.
Translated by Eugene Carmelo C. Pedro


All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.
(Article 1 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights)

Sample text in the Baybayin syllabary in Iloko (Lord's Prayer)

Sample text in the Ilocano version of baybayin


Amami a addaka't sadi langita
Pasantipikalmo ti nagammo
padtengmo kadakam ti paghadiam
Paannugummo ti nakemmo ditoy
daga kas sadi langit itdem kadaka-
m iti aldao itoy ti kanemmi
a patinayon a aldao paavani


Information Iloko | Phrases | Numbers | Tower of Babel


Information about the Iloko language

Iloko English Dictionary

Iloko Community Online

Iloko web portal - includes songs, fiction, poetry, riddles and a forum

Languages written with the Latin alphabet

Philippine languages

Abellen, Aklan, Arta, Balangao, Bantik, Bantoanon, Bikol, Binukid, Bolinao, Bontoc, Botolan, Buhid, Butuanon, Caluyanon, Capiznon, Casiguran Dumagat Agta, Cebuano, Cuyonon, Dupaningan, Gaddang, Gorontalo, Hanuno'o, Hiligaynon, Ibanag, Ifugao, Iloko, Iraya, Isnag, Itawis, Kagayanen, Kankanaey, Kapampangan, Kinaray-a, Maranao, Masbateño, Matigsalug, Mongondow, Pangasinan, Romblomanon, Sambal, Sangirese, Tagalog, Tagabawà, Tagbanwa, Tausūg, Tboli, Tombulu, Tondano, Waray-Waray, Yogad

Languages written with the Baybayin script

Iloko (Ilocano), Kapampangan, Tagalog

Languages written with the Latin alphabet

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