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Hungarian (magyar)

Hungarian is an Ugric language with about 13 million speakers (in 2012) in Hungary (Magyarország), Romania, Serbia, Ukraine and Slovakia. There are also many people of Hungarian origin in the UK and other European countries, the USA, Canada and Australia.

Hungarian at a glance

  • Native name: magyar, [ˈmɒɟɒr] magyar nyelv [ˈmɒɟɒr ˈɲɛlv]
  • Linguistic affliation: Uralic, Finno-Ugric
  • Number of speakers: c. 13 million
  • Spoken in: Hungary, Austria, Croatia, Poland, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Ukraine
  • First written: 1196
  • Writing system: Latin script
  • Status: Official language in Hungary and the European Union. Recognised minority language in Romania, Croatia, Slovakia, and in parts of Slovenia, Austria and Ukraine

Hungarian is a highly inflected language in which nouns can have up to 238 possible forms. It is related to Mansi, an Ob-Ugric language with about 4,000 speakers who live in the eastern Urals, and Khanty or Ostyak, the other Ob-Ugric language which is spoken by about 15,000 people in the Ob valley of western Siberia.

The earliest written text in Hungarian was a funeral oration (halotti beszéd) written in 1196, and the first complete book to be printed in Hungarian, Az zenth Paal leueley magyar nyeluen (The letters of Saint Paul in the Hungarian language) by Benedek Komjáti, was published in 1533 in Kraków in Poland. Hungarian literature flourished during the 18th and 19th centuries.

Hungarian alphabet (magyar ábécé) and pronunciation

Hungarian alphabet and pronunciation

Q (kú), W (dupla vé), X (iksz) and Y (ipszilon) are also used, but only in foreign loanwords.

Download an alphabet chart for Hungarian (Excel)

Hear the Hungarian alphabet:

Sample text in Hungarian

Minden emberi lény szabadon születik és egyenlő méltósága és joga van. Az emberek, ésszel és lelkiismerettel bírván, egymással szemben testvéri szellemben kell hogy viseltessenek.

Hear a recording of this text

Translation

All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.
(Article 1 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights)

Sample videos in Hungarian

Information about Hungarian | Phrases | Numbers | Telling the time | Tongue twisters | Tower of Babel | Learning materials

Links

Information about Hungarian
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hungarian_language
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_the_Hungarian_language
https://www.britannica.com/topic/Hungarian-language

Online Hungarian lessons
http://www.personal.psu.edu/faculty/a/d/adr10/hungarian.html
http://www.hungarotips.com/hungarian/
http://www.langhacking.com/hungarian/
http://www.magyarora.com
http://learnhungarian.hupont.hu
http://polymath.org/hungarian.php
http://lingohut.com/en/l78/learn-hungarian

Hungarian phrases
http://www.bbc.co.uk/languages/other/quickfix/hungarian.shtml
http://www.transparent.com/languagepages/hungarian/HuPhrases.htm
http://www.tripadvisor.co.uk/Travel-g274881-s604/Hungary:Important.Phrases.html

Hungarian dictionaries
http://szotar.sztaki.hu/en
http://www.webforditas.hu/dictionary.php
http://www.freedict.com/onldict/hun.html
http://www.ectaco.co.uk/English-Hungarian-Dictionary/
http://www.cab.u-szeged.hu/cgi-bin/szotarK
http://hu.wiktionary.org/wiki/Kezdőlap
http://onlinefordito.micom.hu/szotar.php
http://www.szokincshalo.hu/szotar/?qsearch=cat (etymological)
http://www.lexilogos.com/english/hungarian_dictionary.htm

Hungarian Electronic talking dictionaries
http://www.ectaco.com

Online Hungarian radio
http://www.radio.hu
http://www.listenlive.eu/hungary.html

Online Hungarian news
http://www.mno.hu
http://www.napi.hu
http://www.nol.hu
http://www.nepszava.hu

A Magyar Nyelvtudományi Társaság Folyóirata
- Journal of the Society of Hungarian Linguistics (in Hungarian and English)
http://www.c3.hu/~magyarnyelv/

Hungarian Literature Online
http://www.hlo.hu/

Ugric languages

Hungarian, Khanty, Mansi

Other languages written with the Latin alphabet


If you need to type in many different languages, the Q International Keyboard can help. It enables you to type almost any language that uses the Latin, Cyrillic or Greek alphabets, and is free.

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