Family words in Japanese

Words for family members and other relatives in Japanese. There are two sets of words for family in Japanese: one is used when talking about your family, and the other is used when talking about other people's families, and to older members of your own family. The former is labelled inf and the latter is labelled frm.

  Japanese (日本語)
family 家族 (kazoku) - inf
ご家族 (go kazoku) - frm
relative 親戚 (shinseki)
parents 両親 (ryōshin) - inf
ご両親 (go ryōshin) - frm
father 父 (chichi) - inf
お父さん (otō san) - frm
mother 母 (haha) - inf
お母さん (okā san) - frm
children 子供 (kodomo) - inf
お子さん (oko san) - frm
son 息子 (musuko) - inf
息子さん (musuko san) - frm
daughter 娘 (musume) - inf
お嬢さん (ojō san) - frm
spouse 配偶者 (haigūsha)
伴侶 (hanryo)
伉配 (kōhai)
husband 夫 (otto) - inf
主人 (shujin)
亭主 (teishu)
ご主人 (go shujin) - frm
wife 妻 (tsuma) - inf
家内 (kanai)
女房 (nyōbō)
奥さん (oku san) - frm
siblings 兄弟姉妹 (kyōdaishimai)
siblings (brothers) 兄弟 (kyōdai) - inf
ご兄弟 (go kyōdai) - frm
siblings (sisters) 姉妹 (shimai)
older brother 兄 (ani) - inf
お兄さん (onī san) - frm
older sister 姉 (ane) - inf
お姉さん (onē san) - frm
younger brother 弟 (otōto) - inf
弟さん (otōto san) - frm
youger sister 妹 (imōto) - inf
妹さん (imōto san) - frm
(older than parent)
伯父 (oji) - inf
おじさん (oji san) - frm
(younger than parent)
叔父 (oji) - inf
おじさん (oji san) - frm
(older than parent)
伯母 (oba) - inf
おばさん (oba san) - frm
(younger than parent)
叔母 (oba) - inf
おばさん (oba san) - frm
cousin いとこ (itoko)
従兄 (jūkei) - elder male
従弟 (jūtei) - younger male
従姉 (jūshi) - elder female
従妹 (jūmei) - younger female
従兄弟 (jūkeitei) - male (pl)
従姉妹 (jūshimei) - female (pl)
nephew 甥 (oi); 甥っ子 (oikko) - inf
甥御 (oigo) - frm
niece 姪 (mei); 姪っ子 (meikko) - inf
姪御 (meigo) - frm
grandfather 祖父 (sofu); 爺 (jiji) - inf
お爺さん/お祖父さん (ojī san) - frm
grandmother 祖母 (sobo) - inf
お姉さん (onē san) - frm
grandchild 孫 (mago) - inf
お孫さん (omago san) - frm
grandson 孫息子 (mago musuku)
granddaughter 孫娘 (mago musume)
father-in-law 義理の父 (giri no chichi)
義父 (gifu)
舅 (shūto)
mother-in-law 義理の野母 (giri no haha)
義母 (gibo)
姑 (shūtome)
義兄 (gikei) 義理の兄 (giri no ani) - older
義弟 (gitei) 義理の弟 (giri no otōto) - younger
義姉 (gishi) 義理の姉 (gishi no ane) - older
義妹 (gimei) 義理の妹 (gishi no mai) - younger
son-in-law 義理の息子 (giri no musuko)
daughter-in-law 嫁姑 (yome shūtome)

Corrections and additions by 柏木ゆう子 (Yuko Kashiwagi)

Hear Japanese family words:


Japanese family words

More words for cousins

Family words in other languages

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